kiekens at kiekens at
Thu Jul 6 10:50:12 EST 1995

This is the text of a new protocol of the Lomé Convention, approved on 30/06/95.
Comments / discussion on this new piece of international agreement is welcome.
JP Kiekens, Researcher in international forestry.


1.      The Community and the ACP States acknowledge the importance and the need for the
rational management of forest resources with a view to ensuring a long-term sustainable
development of forests in ACP countries in conformity with the Rio Declaration of Principle on
the Environment and Development including the non-legally binding Forest Principles, the UN
framework agreement on climatic changes and the Conventions on Biodiversity and

2.      Special priority shall be given to actions which support and encourage the efforts of
ACP countries and their organizations to preserve, re-establish and sustainably use their
forestry resources, including the fight against desertification.

3.      The Community and the ACP States will concentrate their efforts on actions promoting:

a)      Conservation of endangered tropical forests and their biodiversity and regeneration of
the functions of tropical forests which have been damaged, bearing in mind the needs and
interest of local populations in sustainable use of forest products, the different actors and
factors causing deforestation, the need to ensure participation by local populations in the
identification, planning and implementation of actions, the differences between countries and
regions and measures to address them.

b)      Development of buffer zones to assist the conservation, regeneration and sustainable
development of tropical forests, as a part of a broader land utilization plan.

c)      Sustainable management of forests destined for the production of timber and other
products derived therefrom, ensuring that by the year 2000 and based on appropriate management
plans, these products are derived from sustainable sources. Special priority will be given to
community based and small scale forest operations.

d)      Supporting and developing locally adapted re-afforestation and forest management
activities as well as restoring the fertility of degraded forest lands especially in the
framework of national and regional campaigns against desertification.

e)      Support for institution building in the forestry sector with emphasis on capacity
building to address the need for training schemes of local populations, forest managers and
researchers, for legislation, for increased political and social support and institutional
strengthening and for organizations and associations active in forestry operations.

f)      Development and implementation of action plans at local, national and regional level
to improve the management, conservation and sustainable development of forests, taking into
account the causes of deforestation inside and from outside the forest sector.

 g)     Introduction of a strategic and adaptive research policy aimed at imparting knowledge
and the planning capacity required for the conservation and sustainable management of forests
and also for the implementation of research monitoring activities in the framework of projects
and programmes.

4.      Acknowledging the importance of timber and timber products for the economies of the
ACP States, the Community and the ACP States will concentrate within the confines set out
above on the following;

a)      Improving the timber trade and marketing from forests under sustainable development.

 b)     Supporting the definition and the development of certification systems for timber
produced from tropical forests bearing in mind sustainable forest management principles as
part of envisaged internationally harmonized certification systems for all kinds of timber and
timber products.

c)      Supporting measures to increase the share of tropical timber and timber products from
sustainable sources within the overall production of this sector in the ACP' countries with a
view to stimulating economic development and industrialization in these countries and
increasing employment prospects and export earnings.

d)      Promoting and diversifying of international trade in tropical timber from resources
rendered sustainable through the improvement of the structural characteristics of
international markets taking account of prices which reflect the cost of sustainable
management of forests and are at the same time remunerative and fair to both parties;

e)      Supporting the development of ACP national policies aimed at the sustainable
utilization and preservation of tropical timber producing forests and their genetic resources
as well as the maintenance of an ecological balance in the regions concerned within the
context of the tropical timber trade;

f)      Promoting access to and transfer of technology as well as technical cooperation for
attaining the objectives of sustainable development.

5. Acknowledging further the importance of tropical timber for the economies of the ACP
countries with timber producing forests and the imperative need to put an end to
desertification in many AC)' countries and bearing in mind the incremental cost' of achieving
benefits associated with forest preservation and development, the Community will support the
above activities. To this end the Community will in addition to the resources set aside for
national indicative programmes, regional indicative programmes or all ACP activities and in
accordance with the relevant provisions, use resources available under the Community budget
for this purpose.

Joint declaration:

The contracting parties agree to cooperate in the implementation of the provisions of this
Protocol to take into account internationally harmonized criteria and indicators on
sustainable management of forests.

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