Ageing

John M. Morgan morganjohn at AXE.HUMBOLDT.EDU
Thu Dec 15 19:48:29 EST 1994


Why are we receiving this kind of propaganda on this list server?

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>general to his face in [a] meeting and threw him out." Silajdzic
>added that if a lot of people die in Bihac, it will be because of
>Rose and UN chief civilian official Yasushi Akashi. International
>media quoted US Senator Robert Dole as calling the UN's role "a
>classic failure." The next day, he urged that UNPROFOR forces be
>withdrawn and the arms embargo against the government lifted. --
>Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>DIPLOMATIC FALLOUT OVER BOSNIAN CRISIS. International media on 26
>November reported that more than 3,000 US troops are on their way
>to the Adriatic in what the BBC called a move with more diplomatic
>than military importance. The forces signal America's readiness to
>back its NATO allies and will be present to assist any UNPROFOR
>withdrawal, but they reportedly have no immediate orders to
>deploy. The Serbs on 28 November continued to hold hostage some
>400 UNPROFOR troops, including British, Dutch, Ukrainian, and
>Russian soldiers. US Secretary of Defense William Perry said there
>is nothing the UN or NATO can now do to prevent the fall of Bihac.
>Meanwhile, media commentators speculated over the future of NATO
>in view of the strains between Washington, on the one hand, and
>London and Paris, on the other. Some suggested that the
>international "contact group" may already be dead, given those
>tensions as well as Russian objections to NATO policies. But
>former British Defense Secretary Sir John Nott on 26 November
>warned against any departure from the Anglo-American alliance,
>Reuters said. Meanwhile, at a major ceremony in the Vatican to
>inaugurate 30 new cardinals, Pope John Paul II on 27 November
>again condemned the "absurd fratricidal fighting [in Bosnia] that
>stains Europe and the world with blood." -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL,
>Inc.
>
>MILOSEVIC MEETS KOZYREV. Rump Yugoslav State Television on 26
>November reported that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic met
>the same day in Belgrade with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei
>Kozyrev to discuss the Bosnian war. Reuters reports that prior to
>arriving in Belgrade, Kozyrev held meetings in Bonn on 26 November
>with German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel, with whom he also
>discussed, among other things, the situation in Bosnia. At a press
>conference, Kozyrev said he believed the Serbian president's
>influence over the Bosnian Serbs was the most effective means of
>persuading the Bosnian Serbs to accept an international peace plan
>for Bosnia. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>CEFTA PREMIERS MEET IN POLAND. The prime ministers of the four
>Central European Free Trade Agreement countries (the Czech
>Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland) on 25 November agreed to
>speed up trade liberalization in the region and to admit new
>members. They also approved a declaration calling for
>"consultations" on joining the European Union. Pleas for close
>coordination of those efforts, made repeatedly by Hungarian
>Premier Gyula Horn, went unheeded by Czech Prime Minister Vaclav
>Klaus, who is in favor of each country entering the union
>separately. The prime ministers also agreed to abolish all
>barriers between their countries by 1 January 2000. The meeting
>was attended by Slovenian Premier Janez Drnovsek, who said his
>country expected to join CEFTA in 1995. -- Jan de Weydenthal,
>RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>WALESA VETOES TAX BILL. President Lech Walesa on 25 November
>vetoed a bill on income tax, arguing that the rates of 21, 33, and
>45 percent (depending on income levels) were excessive. In a
>statement published by Gazeta Wyborcza on 28 November, the
>president said the government should come up with another tax law
>rather than impose such high rates on the public. The Sejm can
>overturn the presidential veto through a two-thirds majority,
>which is unlikely unless major amendments are made to the bill. --
>Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>CZECH PRIME MINISTER ON KOHL'S REMARKS. In an interview with Denni
>Telegraf on 25 November, Vaclav Klaus said he did not know what
>German Chancellor Helmut Kohl had meant when he said Poland should
>be "first in expanding the European Union." Kohl had told the
>German parliament on 23 November that it was in Europe's and
>Germany's interest that Poland be in first place during the
>expansion of the EU because Poland's western border must not
>become the union's permanent western border. Klaus said the news
>of Kohl's remarks was unpleasant and noted that Poland's position
>within the European security framework is little different from
>that of the Czech Republic. The Czech premier has repeatedly
>argued that his country is in the vanguard of economic and
>political change in Eastern Europe and should be admitted into
>Western organizations as soon as possible, ahead of other East
>European countries. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>SLOVAK COALITION TALKS AGAIN FALTER. Negotiations between the
>Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the Christian Democratic
>Movement were cut short on 23 November after party leaders failed
>to reach agreement. CDM requirements for supporting an MDS
>government include reversing certain steps taken during the first
>two parliament sessions, ceasing attacks on President Michal
>Kovac, and continuing with privatization. MDS Chairman Vladimir
>Meciar was unable to confirm whether his party would accept such
>demands. Following the talks, Meciar continued to insist that his
>party will not form a minority cabinet. The next day he told CTK
>on 24 November that he had ruled out a coalition with the CDM and
>the Hungarians, while cooperation with the Democratic Union was
>not feasible because he expects the party to split. But on 26
>November, MDS member Katerina Tothova said the MDS is willing to
>work with any party expect the Hungarian coalition. -- Sharon
>Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>EU ISSUES DEMARCHE TO SLOVAKIA. During meetings with top Slovak
>officials on 23 and 24 November, the German and French ambassadors
>to Slovakia delivered a diplomatic note on behalf of the EU's
>political committee expressing concern about political
>developments since the fall elections and noting that the
>strengthening of relations between Slovakia and the EU depends on
>the new cabinet's policies. Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic
>told TASR that during his meeting with the two ambassadors, he
>justified recent steps taken in the parliament to replace a number
>of state officials, emphasizing that "all decisions made by the
>parliamentary majority were aimed at stability and . . . were
>meant to secure democracy." -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>HUNGARIAN NEGOTIATIONS ON 1995 BUDGET. Following three days of
>talks, the Interest Coordinating Council (a group composed of
>government, employer, and worker representatives) on 27 November
>came closer to reaching an agreement on the draft 1995 budget's
>provisions on wages, social benefits, and taxes, MTI reports. The
>spokesman for the workers' delegation said an agreement might
>avert strikes by trade unions. Several teachers' unions on 24
>November announced they would stage a strike on 17 December to
>protest cuts in subsidies to the education sector. -- Edith Oltay,
>RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT IN ROMANIA. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
>held talks in Bucharest on 23 and 24 November with his Romanian
>counterpart, Ion Iliescu, and other senior Romanian officials,
>Radio Bucharest reported. Mubarak's visit aimed at boosting
>bilateral political and economic relations. The Egyptian
>delegation praised Romania's role in the Mideast peace process.
>(In April, Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser
>Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres had met in
>Bucharest during an international gathering of political and
>business leaders.) Romania and Egypt on 24 November signed a
>general economic agreement and two separate accords on economic
>projects, technological cooperation, and the protection of
>investments. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>ALBANIAN UPDATE. International news agencies reported on 25
>November that in an amnesty marking the 28 November national
>holiday, 250 of Albania's 1,210 prisoners will be released and
>another 450 will have their sentences shortened. Among the 450 are
>the five ethnic Greeks recently sentenced for espionage, but AFP
>quoted Greek officials as saying Athens still insists that the
>five be released. Reuters said the amnesty would not affect former
>leading Communists such as Ramiz Alia and Nexhmije Hoxha or jailed
>Socialist leader Fatos Nano, but AFP disagrees. Reuters also
>reported that Albanian police arrested 10 people at one site along
>the Montenegrin border and nine at another in conjunction with the
>rampant fuel smuggling taking place there. -- Patrick Moore,
>RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>REPUBLICAN PARTY OF CRIMEA CALLS FOR INDEPENDENCE. The Crimean
>Republican Party held its fifth convention in Simferopol on 27
>November, Interfax reports. Party leaders called on Crimeans to
>withstand pressure from Ukraine and uphold the Crimean
>Constitution as well as other Crimean laws, saying these should
>form the basis of Ukrainian-Crimean relations. The 1992
>constitution, adopted by the Crimean parliament in May 1994,
>stipulated that the peninsula's relations with Ukraine are
>contingent on bilateral agreements. The Ukrainian parliament says
>this stipulation is tantamount to giving the peninsula the status
>of an independent state. The convention also criticized Crimean
>President Yurii Meshkov for failing to "consolidate the executive
>and legislative branches of power." -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>JUST ONE BLACK SEA FLEET? Ukrainian parliament speaker Oleksandr
>Moroz was quoted by Interfax on 24 November as saying it would be
>expedient to transfer all Black Sea Fleet ships to Russia with
>Ukraine retaining the shore-based infrastructure. He did not rule
>out bases in Ukraine for the Russian fleet. "The Black Sea is an
>area of specific interest for both Russia and Ukraine," he said,"
>and we need to coordinate our activities." The following day,
>Interfax quoted an open letter to Presidents Leonid Kuchma and
>Boris Yeltsin from officers of the Black Sea Fleet and the
>Ukrainian Navy calling for "putting an end to the destructive
>division of the earlier powerful potential of our armed forces,
>the navy, and the Black Sea Fleet in particular." The letter
>reportedly urged the two countries to act in accordance with the
>principle of unification and joint utilization of the armed
>forces. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>BELARUS ACCUSES TURKEY OF SPYING. The Belarusian authorities have
>asked two Turkish diplomats to leave the country, Interfax
>reported on 25 November. The previous day, a Belarusian citizen
>from Hrodna was detained for passing economic information to
>Turkish diplomats. Another report alleges that the Turkish special
>services have enlisted the help of Belarusians in procuring
>confidential materials. Turkey has denied the charges of spying as
>"absolutely groundless," according to Interfax. -- Ustina Markus,
>RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>BELARUS TO SELL SOVIET ANTI-MISSILE SYSTEM TO WEST. According to a
>statement by the President's Office on 25 November, the state arms
>export firm Beltekhexport signed a $6 million contract in July to
>sell a modern Soviet-designed anti-missile system to a US-Canadian
>company. ITAR-TASS quotes the office as denying there was anything
>illegal or unethical in selling the S-300PMU missile system, which
>Russian authorities claim to be superior to the American Patriot
>system. The 25 November statement pointed out that Belarus did not
>buy the system from Russia but rather inherited it following the
>breakup of the Soviet Union. The system was built in the former
>USSR with the participation of Belarusian institutes and
>enterprises. Russia has offered the same system to foreign
>customers and has revealed tactical and technical details of the
>weapon, the statement noted. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>BALTIC FOREIGN MINISTERS IN RIGA. Meeting in the Latvian capital
>on 23 November, the foreign ministers of Estonia, Latvia, and
>Lithuania signed a cooperation accord on guarding state borders
>and a statement on the Baltic States' relations with the Council
>of Europe. They also agreed to form a working group that would
>draw up a trilateral agreement on joint and coordinated control
>over air space, BNS reported. After the meeting, the foreign
>ministers told the press that the recent Baltic Assembly's
>resolution on Kaliningrad Oblast reflected the views of the
>assembly but not of the Baltic governments. -- Dzintra Bungs,
>RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>LATVIAN PARLIAMENT ENDORSES ACCORDS WITH RUSSIA. The Saeima on 24
>November approved the Latvian-Russian accords on the withdrawal of
>Russian troops from Latvia, signed on 30 April 1994. Its approval
>means that the ratification formalities can now begin, Baltic
>media reported. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>POLISH PREMIER IN LITHUANIA. Waldemar Pawlak was greeted at the
>Kalvarija border checkpoint on 26 November by his Lithuanian
>counterpart, Adolfas Slezevicius, Radio Lithuania reports. The
>premiers inspected the ongoing construction at the customs post,
>which should speed up trade when finished next year. They then
>traveled to Marijampole for talks on bilateral relations, problems
>of security in the Baltic region, and a possible free trade
>agreement between the Baltic States and the four Visegrad nations.
>The premiers also exchanged the formal ratification documents on
>the bilateral friendship and cooperation agreement, ratified by
>the Polish and Lithuanian parliaments on 14 October. -- Saulius
>Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>RUSSIAN AIRPLANE HIJACKING ENDS IN ESTONIA. Vladimir Bozhko, a
>36-year-old miner from Vorkuta, hijacked a Russian Aeroflot plane
>en route from Syktyvkar to St. Petersburg on 24 November and
>forced it to land in Tallinn, BNS reports. Bozhko released the
>passengers and crew and surrendered peacefully to Estonian
>authorities after several hours. Estonia has not yet agreed to the
>Russian request on 25 November to extradite Bozhko, who has
>requested political asylum, according to Rahva Haal on 26
>November. ITAR-TASS on 27 November, however, said that Estonian
>police and the Interior Ministry deny that Bozhko has made such a
>request. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.
>
>[As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Jan Cleave and Penny Morvant)
>The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
>Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.)
>with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs
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>Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
>



========================================================
John M. Morgan                        Phone: 707-826-3747
Dept. of Psychology                 FAX:    707-826-4993
Humboldt State Univ.               Internet: morganjohn at axe.humboldt.edu  
Arcata,  CA. 95521          
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