Replies to Sabella spallanzanii

EleniTW EleniTW_at_AMBS at
Thu Aug 7 17:52:20 EST 1997

     Hello All, 
     I have received the following replies to my query on Sabella 
     Sabella spallanzanii used to run under the name Spirographis 
     spallanzanii and used to be considered a "typical" Mediterranean 
     species.  Thus., most of the studies of the beast will be in French or 
     Italian journals.  I am pretty sure you would get an earful if you 
     contacted Maria Cristina Gambi at the Naples Lab.
     I am a researcher currently working on non-native species in 
     Chesapeake Bay. One of the primary transport mechanisms we are 
     investigating, is ship ballast water.  You may have seen some of Jim 
     Carlton's work on the west coast of the US (I suggest you get several 
     of his papers, if you haven't already- at least one of them, Carlton 
     and Cohen, 1996 is available over the internet at a non indigenous 
     species web site)  To date we have sampled over 150 ships in the Bay, 
     and there is definite evidence that larvae, juveniles and adults of 
     many species of polychaetes are being transported live in ballast 
     water.  Though we have never seen a sabellid, we have gotten 
     serpulids.  Again, we have found many different species and life 
     stages of crabs in ballast water, though not the green crab (yet).
     I am doing my PhD at Melbourne uni on ecological interactions between 
     Sabella spallanzanii and other sessile organisms.  I know of very few 
     publications on Sabella, but I have listed a few below (if you have 
     others, I'd appreciate them too).  With regard to larval tolerances 
     etc, you might try getting in touch with Yuri Shiraki at Flinders Uni 
     (yuri.shiraki at has had some success at rearing 
     larvae through to settlement.  As for survival in ballast tanks, it is 
     not implausable that adult worms could live inside ballast tanks.  
     They seem to have no problem living attached to metal objects, and I 
     believe that adult specimens have been found in seawater storage tanks 
     at the Marine and Freshwater Research Institute at Queenscliff, Vic.
     Carey,JM; Watson,JE (1992): Benthos of the muddy bottom habitat of the 
     geelong arm of Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. Vic. Nat. 109, 
     Dales,RP (1961): The coelomic and peritoneal cell systems of some 
     Sabellid polychaetes. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 102, 327-346.
     Fauchald,K; Jumars,PA (1979): The diet of worms: a study of polychaete 
     feeding guilds. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 17, 193-284.
     Fitzhugh,K (1989): A systematic revision of the 
     Sabellidae-Caobangidae-Sabellongidae complex (Annelida: Polychaeta). 
     Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 192, 1-104.
     Gambi,MC; Castelli,A; Giangrande,A; Lanera,P; Prevedelli,D; Zunarelli 
     Vandini,R (1994): Polychaetes of commercial and applied interest in 
     Italy: an overview. In: Actes de la 4eme Conference internationale des 
     Polychetes. Vol. 162. (Eds: Dauvin,JC; Laubier,L; Reish,DJ) Mem. Mus. 
     natn. Hist. nat., Paris, 593-603.
     * Giangrande,A; Petraroli,A (1994): Observations on reprocuction and 
     growth of Sabella spallanzanii (Polychaeta, Sabellidae) in the 
     Mediterranean Sea. In: Actes de la 4eme Conference internationale des 
     Polychetes. 162nd ed. Vol. 162. (Eds: Dauvin,JC; Laubier,L; Reish,DJ) 
     Mem. Mus. natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, 51-56.
     Koechlin,N (1977): Installation d'une epifaune a Spirographis 
     spallanzanii Viviani, Sycon ciliatum Fabricus et Ciona intestinalis 
     (L.) dans le Port de Plaisance De Lezardrieux (Cotes-du-Nord). Cah. 
     Biol. Mar. 18, 325-337.
     McEuen,FS; Wu,BL; Chia,FS (1983): Reproduction and development of 
     Sabella media a sabellid polychaete with extratubular brooding. Mar. 
     Biol 76, 301-309.
     Parry, G et al(1996).  Final report to FRDC: Mapping and distribution 
     of Sabella spallanzanii in Port Phillip Bay.
     Geordie Clapin was doing some research on Sabella spallanzanii with 
     CSIRO here in WA.  I know he published the following report, but more 
     research was done after this date.  I'm not sure of the details of the 
     project.  I can't find his email address at the moment and I know he 
     was leaving CSIRO soon.  You might try contacting the CSIRO marine 
     labs where the work was being carried out.  Phone number:  (08) 9422 
     Clapin, G and Evans, D (1995) The status of the introduced marine 
     fanworm Sabella spallanzan in Western Australia : a preliminary 
     investigation. CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Technical report (Centre 
     for Research on Introduced Marine Pests (Australia)) ; no. 2.
     Someone else to contact would be Sabastian Rainer or Marnie Nelson.  
     They both work at Centre for Research on Introduced Marine Pests, 
     CSIRO, Hobart.
     Dr Sebastian F. Rainer
     CSIRO Division of Fisheries
     Marine Laboratories Castray Esplanade, Hobart, Tas AUSTRALIA           
                 (Postcode: 7000) E-mail: sebastian.rainer at
     Tel: 61-02-32-5377    Fax: 61-02-32-5485
     Newell, RC. 1970 "Biology of intertidal animals" discusses some of the 
     physiology of S.spallenzanii based on reviews of several papers 
     published through the period 1930-1960.  most of the data presented is 
     on S.pavonina but there is a bit of comparative stuff with 
     S.spallenzanii, including an oxygen dissociation curve of the 
     respiratory pigment (chlorocruorin).

Thanks everybody for your help and interest.  I'll keep you all 
informed of any more replies that I get.     
  <EleniTW_at_AMBS at>

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