g.read at niwa.cri.nz
Mon Feb 17 21:41:33 EST 1997
Helmut Zibrowius wrote:
> Does somebody know about a kind of inventory of bioluminescent
> marine invertebrates? I wonder whether bioluminescence has yet been
> reported for zoantharians (Anthozoa).
> On a recent deep dredging cruise in the Mediterranean I happened to
> observe bioluminescence in a unidentified zoantharian.
> Any comment will be welcome. Thanks!
I suspect it may be more a question of what group does *not* bioluminesce.
One wonders for example why sponges might do so. No mention of zooanthids
in the abstract below, but evidently other anthozoans do luminesce..
TI: Observations on bioluminescence in some deep-water anthozoans
AU: Herring, PJ
SO: COELENTERATE BIOLOGY: RECENT RESEARCH ON CNIDARIA AND CTENOPHORA.,
1991, pp. 573-579, HYDROBIOLOGIA, vol. 216-217
The luminous responses to electrical stimulation of isolated
polyps of 4 deep-water anthozoans are described. All show
facilitatory responses and summation at stimulus frequencies >
2/s. The responses of the gorgonian Acanella arbuscula comprise a slow
summation of weak individual flashes. It is suggested that there is no
fundamental difference between deep and shallow species, nor between
the responses of scyphozoans, such as Pelagia and Atolla, and
anthozoans, such as those described here. Both facilitated and
decremental responses can be obtained from each of the 2 groups and the
complexity of in vivo responses may be as much a reflection of
selective pressures on the neural pathways as on the bioluminescent
TI: Redescription and biological aspects of Hormathia alba (Andres,
1881), a luminescent sea anemone (Anthozoa, Actiniaria).
AU: Tur, JM
SO: HELGOL. MEERESUNTERS., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 213-219, 1993.
Random more wideranging references. Sorry I can't help with earthworm
luminescent literature apart from the third item. By the way there are a
large number of citations on polychaetes and I'm not going to post them. I
don't think there is a review as such. Perhaps someone here would
like to write one? :-)
Chemistries and colors of bioluminescent reactions: A review
GENE, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 5-11, 1996
Bioluminescent communication in the sea.
Herring, PJ; Campbell, AK; Whitfield, M; Maddock, L (eds)
LIGHT AND LIFE IN THE SEA., CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, CAMBRIDGE (UK),
1990., pp. 245-264
Bioluminescence and chemiluminescence
Publ. by : Academic Press; New York (USA)., 1978., 653 p., Methods in
Enzymol., v. 57
This monograph presents papers on various aspects of bio- and
chemiluminescence, namely: Firefly luciferase; bacterial luciferase;
Renilla reniformis luciferase; aequorin; Cypridina ; earthworm
bioluminescence; Pholas dactylus ; and chemiluminescent techniques.
Bioluminescence in the ocean
Kelly,M.G.; Tett,P. ; Herring,P.J. (ed.)
In : Bioluminescence in action
Luminescence in the sea has long been observed. Topics covered in this
chapter include: background luminescence caused by dinoflagellates and
other organisms; unusual luminescent phenomena such as extreme
luminescent phenomena involving dinoflagellates, 'milky seas' and
bacterial luminescence, ostracod luminescence and extreme luminescent
phenomena; the variability of background luminescence _ global,
seasonal, and diel variations, variations with depth and patchiness;
luminescence in the ecology of the sea; and the practical importance of
PY: Publication Year
Young,Richard Edward (1983): Oceanic bioluminescence: an overview of
general functions. Bull. Mar. Sci. 33(4), 829-845.
Morin,James G (1983): Coastal bioluminescence: patterns and functions.
Bull. Mar. Sci. 33(4), 787-817.
Geoff Read <g.read at niwa.cri.nz>
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