Geoff Read at
Mon Feb 17 21:41:33 EST 1997

Helmut Zibrowius wrote:
> Does somebody know about a kind of inventory of bioluminescent 
> marine invertebrates? I wonder whether bioluminescence has yet been 
> reported for zoantharians (Anthozoa).
>    On a recent deep dredging cruise in the Mediterranean I happened to 
> observe bioluminescence in a unidentified zoantharian.
>    Any comment will be welcome. Thanks!

I suspect it may be more a question of what group does *not* bioluminesce. 
One wonders for example why sponges might do so. No mention of zooanthids 
in the abstract below, but evidently other anthozoans do luminesce..

TI: Observations on bioluminescence in some deep-water anthozoans
AU: Herring, PJ
    1991, pp. 573-579, HYDROBIOLOGIA, vol. 216-217
AB: Abstract 
    The luminous responses to electrical stimulation of isolated 
    polyps of 4 deep-water anthozoans are described. All show 
    facilitatory responses and summation at stimulus frequencies > 
    2/s. The responses of the gorgonian Acanella arbuscula comprise a slow
    summation of weak individual flashes. It is suggested that there is no
    fundamental difference between deep and shallow species, nor between
    the responses of scyphozoans, such as Pelagia and Atolla, and
    anthozoans, such as those described here. Both facilitated and
    decremental responses can be obtained from each of the 2 groups and the
    complexity of in vivo responses may be as much a reflection of
    selective pressures on the neural pathways as on the bioluminescent
    systems themselves. 

TI: Redescription and biological aspects of Hormathia alba (Andres,
    1881), a luminescent sea anemone (Anthozoa, Actiniaria).
AU: Tur, JM
SO: HELGOL. MEERESUNTERS., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 213-219, 1993.

Random more wideranging references. Sorry I can't help with earthworm 
luminescent literature apart from the third item. By the way there are a 
large number of citations on polychaetes and I'm not going to post them. I 
don't think there is a  review as such. Perhaps someone here would 
like to write one? :-)

TI: Title 
    Chemistries and colors of bioluminescent reactions: A review 
AU: Author 
    Hastings, JW 
SO: Source 
    GENE, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 5-11, 1996  

TI: Title 
    Bioluminescent communication in the sea. 
AU: Author 
    Herring, PJ 
ED: Editor 
    Herring, PJ; Campbell, AK; Whitfield, M; Maddock, L (eds) 
SO: Source 
    1990., pp. 245-264 

TI: Title 
    Bioluminescence and chemiluminescence 
AU: Author 
    DeLuca,M.A. (ed.) 
SO: Source 
    Publ. by : Academic Press; New York (USA)., 1978., 653 p., Methods in
    Enzymol., v. 57 
AB: Abstract 
    This monograph presents papers on various aspects of bio- and 
    chemiluminescence, namely: Firefly luciferase; bacterial luciferase;
    Renilla reniformis luciferase; aequorin; Cypridina ; earthworm
    bioluminescence; Pholas dactylus ; and chemiluminescent techniques. 

TI: Title 
    Bioluminescence in the ocean 
AU: Author 
    Kelly,M.G.; Tett,P. ; Herring,P.J. (ed.) 
SO: Source 
    In : Bioluminescence in action 
    ISBN 0-12-342750-9 
AB: Abstract 
    Luminescence in the sea has long been observed. Topics covered in this
    chapter include: background luminescence caused by dinoflagellates and
    other organisms; unusual luminescent phenomena such as extreme
    luminescent phenomena involving dinoflagellates, 'milky seas' and
    bacterial luminescence, ostracod luminescence and extreme luminescent
    phenomena; the variability of background luminescence _ global,
    seasonal, and diel variations, variations with depth and patchiness;
    luminescence in the ecology of the sea; and the practical importance of
    background luminescence. 
LA: Language 
PY: Publication Year 

Young,Richard Edward (1983): Oceanic bioluminescence: an overview of
general functions. Bull. Mar. Sci. 33(4), 829-845.

Morin,James G (1983): Coastal bioluminescence: patterns and functions.
Bull. Mar. Sci. 33(4), 787-817.

  Geoff Read < at>

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