Jennifer Cline Gregg jgregg at ahab.rutgers.edu
Fri Aug 14 07:24:28 EST 1998

Recently, I posted a query about Polygordius larvae and the response from 
our annelid colleagues was impressive!  Here is the compiled list of  
information I received.  Many thanks to you all.

Jennifer Gregg
<jgregg at ahab.rutgers.edu>

Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences
Rutgers, the State University
71 Dudley Road
New Brunswick, NJ 08901

Jouin, C.  1971.  Status of the knowledge of the systematics and
ecology of Archiannelida. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology

The original description of P. leo was published in: Marcus, E. du 
B.-R. 1955. On Turbellaria and Polygordius from the Brazilian coast. 
Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras, Universidade 
da Sao Paulo, Zoologia 20(207): 19-65. 

An identification reference for P. appendiculatus is: Fauvel, P. 1927. 
Polychetes Sedentaires. Addenda aux Errantes, Archiannelides, 
Myzostomaires. Faune de France Vol. 16. Paul Lechevalier, 
Paris. 494 pp. 

A key to species of Polygordius was published in: Marcus, E. du 
B.-R. 1948. Further Archiannelida from Brazil. Communicaciones 
Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montivideo 2(48): 1-77. 

Cowles,RP (1903): Notes on the rearing of the larvae of Polygordius
appendiculatus and on the occurence of the adult on the Atlantic coast of
America. Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) 4, 125-128.

Ritter,William Emerson (1892): Note on an abnormal Polygordius larva.
American Naturalist, New York 26, 1047-1050.

Rota, E., Carchini, G., Erseus, C., Taxonomy and biogeography of smaller
marine infaunal Annelida from Antarctica, Meeting on Antarctic Biology,
3rd, Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy, Dec. 13-15, 1996. Proceedings. Edited
by G. di Prisco, S. Focardi and P. Luporini, Camerino, Camerino University
Press, [1997], p.317-320, With Italian summary. Refs. p.319-320.  

There is a Polygordius film.
Polygordius appendiculatus (Archiannelida) - Metamorphose
details at:  http://www.iwf.gwdg.de/iwfger/alldaten/E2716.html 

The life history of North European Polygordius was treated by:
Von Nordheim H (1984) Life histories of the subtidal interstitial polychaetes
of the families Polygordiidae, Protodrilidae, Nerillidae, Dinophilidae, and
Diurodrilidae from Helgoland (North Sea). Helgoldnder Meeresunters 38: 1-20

Ultrastructural and physiological data can be found in: Rieger RM & 
Rieger GE (1976) Fine structure of the archiannelid cuticle and remarks 
on the evolution of the cuticle within the Spiralia. Acta Zool 57:53-68
Sensenbaugh T, Franzen E (1987) Fine structural observations of the apical
organ in the larva of Polygordius (Annelida: Polychaeta). Scanning 
Microsc 1: 181-189

Hay-Schmidt A (1995) The larval nervous system of Polygordius lacteus 

1868 (Polygordiidae, Polychaeta): Immunocytochemical data. Acta Zool 76:

A useful review of the old literature on Polygordius larvae in (pp. 90-91):
Hermans CO (1969) The systematic position of the Archiannelida. Syst 
Zool 18: 85-102  

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