[Annelida] Worm architecture & Fibonacci

Geoff Read via annelida%40net.bio.net (by g.read from niwa.co.nz)
Wed Jun 18 15:55:40 EST 2008

Greetings all & FYI,

Fun with numbers and segment sequences and siblings.

Glasby, C. J.; Glasby, S. P. ; Pleijel, F. 2008:  Worms by number.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences [efirst status] 

or DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.0418 


This paper investigates alternation patterns in length, shape and orientation of dorsal cirri (fleshy segmental appendages) of phyllodocidans, a large group of polychaete worms (Annelida). We document the alternation patterns in several families of Phyllodocida (Syllidae, Hesionidae, Sigalionidae, Polynoidae, Aphroditidae and Acoetidae) and identify the simple mathematical rule bases that describe the progression of these sequences. Two fundamentally different binary alternation patterns were found on the first four segments: 1011 for nereidiform families and 1010 for aphroditiform families. The alternation pattern in all aphroditiform families matches a simple one-dimensional cellular automaton and that for Syllidae (nereidiform) matches the Fibonacci string sequence. Hesionidae (nereidiform) showed the greatest variation in alternation patterns, but all corresponded to various known substitution rules. Comparison of binary patterns of the first 22 segments using a distance measure supports the current ideas on phylogeny within Phyllodocida. These results suggest that gene(s) involved in post-larval segmental growth employ a switching sequence that corresponds to simple mathematical substitution rules.


 Geoff Read <g.read from niwa.co.nz>

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