I don't think it is set in stone what to do when authors have variants during their lifetimes, other than to use the variant the author used at the time of the publication. One would not use the maiden family name for a woman if that is not what she now uses as an author. The citation is after all a link to the publication rather than the person. Resolving which real person is the author (father or son, etc), and what all their aliases (or for different alphabets the name transliterations) are or were, is another bigger question altogether.
However, generally for Linnaeus use his birth name, so as to be understood, thus use Linnaeus in the text when the context is taxonomy (rather than his life story). If the edition of Systema Naturae you cite is a later one after he became a noble in 1761, then you could word the bibliography something like "Linnaeus, C. [as C. Linn¨¦] 1967, blah, blah, blah."
William C. McIntosh was frequently M'Intosh. Again, by overwhelming usage and thus convenience for matching and searching data he is McIntosh to us polychaetologists. But M'Intosh might be strictly more correct (case by case) ... if you are of a mind to be a pedant.
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From: §¡§Ý§Ö§Ü§ã§Ñ§ß§Õ§â §²§Ø§Ñ§Ó§ã§Ü§Ú§Û <rzhavskij from mail.ru<mailto:rzhavskij from mail.ru>>
To: Elena Kupriyanova <lena.kupriyanova from gmail.com<mailto:lena.kupriyanova from gmail.com>>
I need your opinion on the next problem ¨C what is correct Linn¨¦ or Linneaus? Thus, on the title of Systema Naturae (1767) written ¡°Linn¨¦¡± and references giving this way. But indicating author of species name we are writing Linnaeus and this writing used in the WoRMS, - for example Bushiella (Jugaria) granulatus (Linnaeus, 1767).
Currently some journals consider the author's name as a reference and order to include the paper with the species description in the bibliography. But Linn¨¦ is not equal Linneaus. So I¡¯m in the trouble now preparing a paper for publication. Should I 1) change author of the species name on Linne, 2) change author¡¯s name in the list of references on Linnaeus or 3) change nothing?
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