NSF Budget to Reach $3.2 Billion in FY 1995
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Fri Feb 18 20:22:47 EST 1994
Sender: smacklin at nsf.gov
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National Science Foundation February 7, 1994
NSF PR 94-4
NSF BUDGET TO REACH $3.2 BILLION IN FISCAL YEAR 1995
PRESIDENT SEES AGENCY BUDGET AS AN "INVESTMENT"
Neal Lane, director of the National Science Foundation (NSF), today
February 7) announced that the Clinton Administration has proposed
year 1995 budget of $3.2 billion for the National Science Foundation
$182.2 million increase over the 1994 budget of $3.02 billion.
According to Lane, the six percent increase for NSF reflects the
administration's priority "to make an investment in the nation's
technology capabilities, an investment which is critical to our future
He added that while the agency's budget is about four percent of the
federal investment in research and development, NSF supports
percent of all basic research at academic institutions when
research support is excluded.
Lane said that NSF plays a central role in sustaining the nation's
capabilities because of its considerable investment in the
research enterprise, activities at the core of U.S. capabilities in
mathematics, and engineering. In addition, he said that
research is a primary source of both new knowledge and the setting
future generations of scientists and engineers are trained.
RESEARCH FOCUSSED IN STRATEGIC AREAS
According to the NSF Director, the amount requested for NSF's
its research and research-related account is $2.348 billion, a $180
or 8.3 percent increase above this fiscal year.
Lane said the Foundation is increasing its emphasis on inter-agency
directly tied to national priorities. These initiatives--which cross
disciplinary boundaries, government agencies, industrial sectors,
international borders--focus primarily on strategic areas because of
benefits they can provide to the nation.
While these initiatives can be found in several areas, the most
global change, and high performance computing and communications
Funding for global change research will raise from $141.9 million to
$207.5 million, an increase of more than 46 percent, and will be
better understanding fundamental physical, geological, biological,
socioeconomic processes. Specific research activities will include
international data collection and analysis; climate change modeling
forecasting; and the development of policies related to climate
High performance computing and communications will increase from
million to $328.6 million, an increase of more than 23 percent. This
initiative will wed advanced computing and communications
research and education in all areas of science, engineering, and
Two key aspects of this initiative involve developing networks for
and secondary schools, and harnessing the most advanced
computers to study
"grand challenges," i.e., complex problems such as weather
understanding the formulation of galaxies.
Additional investments will be made in other important research
areas such as
advanced manufacturing technology, advanced materials,
infrastructure systems, and environmental research.
SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY
Lane said that the budget for NSF's education and human resources
totals $586 million, about a three percent increase above last year.
that this level of funding will continue to keep the Foundation at the
forefront in improving the nation's scientific and technological
enterprise, and "strengthens the scientific and technical workforce by
raising the scientific literacy of all Americans."
He cited systemic reform and advanced technology education as two
examples of NSF emphasis.
Nearly $86 million will go toward the agency's systemic reform
These activities, targeted at state, urban, and rural school systems,
them with different levels of government, academic institutions, local
businesses, museums, and other organizations. The objective of
effort is to significantly alter the education of K-12 students in
mathematics, engineering, and technology.
The second area, advanced technology education, was an initiative
in fiscal year 1994. The objective of this effort is to provide support
the nation's two-year colleges so that they can provide a better
students not currently in a more traditional academic track.
Lane added that the agency's on-going efforts to assess its
training programs will continue to be a "high priority" during the
fiscal year. "After several years of substantial growth, we need to
critical look at these important programs to ensure that our
them are as effective as they can be today and in the future," Lane
Lane summarized the $3.2 billion investment as one that
and education activities to address major underlying issues facing
society--competing in world markets, mitigating threats to the
improving efficiency in all sectors, educating citizens, and improving
quality of life for all Americans. Through these activities, the
will directly support an estimated 150,000 individuals at all levels in
ranging from students to teachers to mathematicians and to
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