WWW Introduction: Part 18

Florian Eggenberger eggenber
Wed Jan 18 05:47:15 EST 1995

WWW INTRODUCTION        January 1995

PART 18: Glossary

This is the eighteenth and final part of a series of postings describing 
the concept of the World-Wide Web and guiding anyone who is interested in 
obtaining and setting up the software required to access the Web.

The whole series is available on the newsgroup 
<A HREF = "news:bionet.software.www"> bionet.www.software </A> and
<A HREF = "news:unibas.seminars"> unibas.seminars </A>. Both an 
<A HREF = "http://www.ch.embnet.org/bio-www/archive/florianW3_1.html">
English </A> and a
<A HREF = "http://www.ch.embnet.org/bio-www/archive/florianW3_sp.html">
Spanish </A> version (contributed by Pablo Liendo, Venezuela), can be also 
accessed via the
<A HREF = "http://www.ch.embnet.org/bio-www/info.html">
WWW archive </A> of the newsgroup bionet.www.software.

The World-Wide Web has its own terminology. Here is a brief explanation of 
terms used in previous parts of this introduction:

AIX - UNIX based operating system developed by IBM

Anonymous FTP - FTP that allows the retrieval of files from public sites

Archie - a network tool that searches anonymous FTP sites for files

ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

BITNET - "Because It's Time Network", an academic collective of networks

Browser - a client allows access to the World-Wide Web

CERN - European Centre for Particle Physics, Switzerland

Client - a program that can request services from a server via the network

Domain - a naming category in the DNS

DNS - Domain Name System, hierarchical system of host naming

Driver - a program that controls an external device or an I/O port

EARN - European Academic Research Network

EMBnet - European Molecular Biology Network

Ethernet - standard for physical and data link layer specifications

FTP - File Transfer Protocol, Internet standard for transferring files

Gopher - network tool that allows to access various types of data

Host - a computer that acts as a client or a server

HTML - Hypertext Markup Language, standard language of WWW

HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol, standard protocol of WWW

Hypermedia - multimedia hypertext

Hyperlink - relationship between two objects on the Web

Hypertext - text that contains pointers to other text

Interrupt - a request-for-attention signal

IP - the standard Internet Protocol

Internet - international collective of networks running TCP/IP

IRIX - UNIX-based operation system developed by SGI

LAN - Local Area Network

NNTP - News Network Transfer Protocol, method to transfer News articles

Packet - a network message with header, addressing information and data

Protocol - the rules two computers must follow to exchange messages

Server - a program that provides a service to a client

SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol

SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

Subnet - a LAN within an internetwork

TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol

TELNET - Internet standard protocol for remote terminal connection

ULTRIX - UNIX-based operating system developed by DEC

UNIX - operating system developed by Bell Laboratories

URL - Uniform Resource Locator

VM - operating system developed by IBM

VMS - operating system developed by DEC

WAIS - Wide Area Information Server


EMBnet Switzerland is a project funded by the University of Basel, the 
Swiss National Science Foundation, and industrial contributions from 
Digital Equipment and Silicon Graphics (in alphabetical order).

|  F. Eggenberger, Ph.D.       |  eggenber at comp.bioz.unibas.ch  |
|  Biocomputing                |  eggenberger1 at ubaclu.unibas.ch |        
|  University of Basel         |  Fax  +41 / 61 267 20 78       | 
|  Switzerland                 |  Tel  +41 / 61 267 22 47       | 

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