Cites for "Need Safeguards for Gene-Tinkered Foods"

OPIRG wcsbeau at
Sat Jun 26 01:01:56 EST 1993

J.E. Cummins provided the following references for his article
_Tinkered_Genes_in_the_Supermarket_. He mentioned that he has had
trouble with popular press publishers stripping references out of
the texts of articles he has submitted.  He should be faxing us more
next week; he's doing work on an Oneida reserve this weekend.

[NB (again, for those who missed it the first 2 times),
OPIRG-Carleton posts this to further informed debate on this important
subject, not to take sides.  As part of our mandate, we have often
sponsored speakers many (if not all) of us do NOT completely agree
with (eg., Paul Watson, Murray Bookchin, Naomi Wolf, David Cliche),
and who certainly wouldn't agree with each other. (Bookchin
had some choice words about Watson...)] Anyways, here's the list:

Cereal Intolerance & Schizophrenia:
Food Poisoning (1992). Marcel Dekker, NY, pp 373-397

CaMV is expressed in insects or fungi:
Virology Vol 179, pp 312 (1990)
J. Gen. Vir. 71, pp 2201 (1990)
J. Virol. Methods 129, pp 37 (1992)
Res. Virol. 142, pp 297 (1991)

Horizontal gene transfer of bacteria to plants:
TIBS 17, pp 489 (1992)

Pseudorecombination in plants:
J. Gen. Vir. 74, pp 23  (1993)
J. Gen. Vir. 74, pp 889 (1993)
J. Gen. Vir. 73, pp 169 (1992)
J. Gen. Vir. 73, pp 709 (1992)
J. Gen. Vir. 72, pp 243 (1991)

Virulent viruses by recombination with genetic engineered forms:
Mol. Plant Microbe, Int. 5, pp 48 (1992)
Virology 187, pp 525 (1992)
Mol. Plant Microbe Int. 4, pp 350 (1991)

Bacterial sequences may "pop out" of the plant chromosome:
Proc. Natur. Acad. U.S.A. 90, pp 422 (1993)

Bacteria are regularly released from the sewers of laboratories
(some may have complete HIV genomes):
New Scientist, 21 March, 1992, pp 11

Scorpion toxin to kill insects:
Virology 187, pp 777 (1991)
Nature 352, pp82, 85 (1991)

Plant vs Animal Warfare:
TREE 8 pp137 (1993)

EMS & tryptophan:
Nature 358, pp96 (1992)  

Plasmids easily move from plant chromosomes to soil bacteria:
Plant Molecular Biology Vol 20, pp 61 (1992)

In addition, Cummins sent along some other information including an
example of what he called a "typical trial approval from Agriculture
Canada". Condition #7 says "no alfalfa will be grown after the site
for 3 years after the harvest." Condition #8 says "all volunteer
plants will be destroyed before setting seed following the test",
and condition #9 is "no seed or harvested plant matter will enter
human or livestock food/feed chains". Cummins says that this points
out that AgCan realizes the risk of gene transfers.

He also sent along a copy of a news report from the *Kitchener-
Waterloo Record*, dated Jan. 4th, 1993, about Agriculture Canada
"losing" a report on a monitored plot of genetically-engineered
corn. In the article Cummins is referred to as "an outspoken critic
of government regulation of research trials with transgenic plants".

For a more cool-headed popular discussion of this issue, Friday's
(June 25, 1993, OpEd) *Globe and Mail* had an article by Abby Lippman
(@ McGill's dept. of epidemiology, & chair of the human genetics
committee of the Council for Responsible Genetics) and Philip L.
Bereano (@ U of Washington's College of Engineering, & chair of CRG's
commercial biotechnilogical and environment committee). A short
excerpt: "Despite the surrounding hype, genetic engineering is not
only about alleviating pain and suffering. The image of the altruistic
scientists expanding the frontiers of knowledge to cure disease has
been compromised by the reality of the entrepreneurial scientists...
more and more of whom are intimately linked to multinational
corporations and venture capitalists." (NB: the *Globe* is a
conservative business-oriented newspaper.)

We hope that others who objected to Cummins' lack of cites will now make
up for their own lack of cites by posting some studies supporting
their own claims.

Reid Cooper
Dianne Murray

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