Summer Program at University of Hawaii at Hilo

John Coney kmec at uhunix.uhcc.Hawaii.Edu
Mon Mar 21 20:51:12 EST 1994

Marine Science
On the Big Island of Hawaii

       Marine Science at the University of Hawaii at Hilo is a very special
program designed to take full advantage of the "Big Island" of Hawaii's
variety of marine environments ranging from deep ocean to coral reef to
estuarine.  An exciting array of activities are planned which are designed
to stimulate the student's interest, provide experience-oriented learning
situations and take full advantage of the island's exotic offerings.

       The Island of Hawaii is a treasure of unique diversity.  With its
often snow-capped mountain peaks, pasture lands, lush tropical rain
forests, cane fields, rainbow-arched valleys, and active volcanoes, the Big
Island has been described as a tropical mini-continent.  An internationally
renowned site for astronomical observation with seven major telescopes, the
island is also home of the world-famous Hawaiian Volcanoes Observatory.
The island boasts beaches of black, white or green sand providing uncrowded
access to aquamarine waters. Scientists and visitors alike are afforded the
possibility of observing glowing red lava flowing into the sea from coastal
vents. The beauty of the Big Island of Hawaii is unsurpassed by any other
island in the Hawaiian chain.  From its people who carry with them the
spirit of "Aloha" to the richness of its lands, the Big Island of Hawaii is
the perfect place to spend the summer learning about the wonders of the

       For information about the 1994 Summer Session in Marine Science at
UH-Hilo call: UHH CCECS at (808) 933-3555,
              or write to: Summer Program in Marine Science
                           University of Hawaii at Hilo - CCECS Hilo,
                           Hawaii 96720-4091

             E-mail kmec at
		or  corinne at

Course Offerings                                                Credits

Marine Biology (MARE/BIOL 171)                                        3
Marine Biology Laboratory (MARE/BIOL 171L)                            1
Hawaii Marine Field Experience (MARE 190)                             1
Oceanography (GEOL 201)                                               3
QUEST - Quantitative Underwater Ecological
Surveying Techniques (MARE 264)                                       3
Advanced Oceanography Laboratory (MARE 301L)                          2
Advanced QUEST - Advanced Quantitative Underwater
Ecological Surveying Techniques (MARE 364)                            3
Tropical Marine Research Investigations (MARE/BIOL 366)               3
Marine Ecology (MARE/BIOL 382)                                        3

                             Summer '94 Program Offerings

Marine Biology (MARE/BIOL 171)
       This course introduces students to the common forms of life
inhabiting the oceans.  The major groups of marine algae, invertebrates,
and vertebrates will be examined, with students learning about their basic
structure, function, and natural history. On a broader perspective, the
major ecosystems of the marine realm will be discussed including the open
ocean, coastal shores, estuaries, and coral reefs.  This is an introductory
first course, with no prerequisites.

Marine Biology Laboratory (MARE/BIOL 171L)
       This course will provide students with direct exposure to the marine
life of Hawaii via field trips to sites around Hilo.  Explore intertidal
reefs and discover the rich diversity of tide pool animals.  Snorkel over
shallow reefs at several sites and identify colorful fish and inverte-
brates.  Conduct exciting research on animal behavior and analyze your
results on a computer. This is an introductory first course, with no

Hawaii Marine Field Experience  (MARE 190)
       This special course consists of five full-day marine-oriented field
trips to unique sites around the island of Hawaii.  Travel to Kailua-Kona
to visit the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii and see state-of-the-art
technology in ocean thermal energy conversion and aquaculture systems.
Dive into the clear blue waters off Kailua aboard the submersible Atlantis.
See the world's newest beach, freshly formed from molten lava, after
visiting the Hawaiian Volcanoes Observatory and Hawaii Volcanoes National
Park.  Visit and learn about sea turtle nesting sites, ancient Hawaiian
aquaculture systems, and snorkel among some of the most beautiful shoreline
coral reefs in the Pacific.  Descend into historic Waipio Valley and study
its mile-long deserted beach nestled between sheer thousand foot cliffs.
Take a boat trip along the Kona coast to observe offshore marine life while
snorkeling over reefs in crystal clear water.  On each trip a physical
oceanographer and a marine biologist will be present to instruct you in
their specialties and answer your questions.  This is an introductory first
course, with no prerequisites. Oceanography (GEOL 201)

       Learn the basic scientific principles of the global oceans with
vivid, first-hand examples provided by Hawaii.  See what the oceans are
like, with emphasis on the excitement of understanding how they work.
Study ocean basins and plate tectonics while living atop an active mid-
Pacific "hot spot".  Geological histories of Pacific islands, as well as
coastal processes will be illustrated by active local examples.  Learn
about the earth's winds and ocean currents and understand how they work and
relate to global climate.  Ocean waves are studied in a location known for
large surf and destructive tsunamis.  We learn the principles making the
ocean a special place for life, and why sea life shows major, fascinating
differences from that on land.  Study the major groups of plants and
animals, how they live and interact, and stop to look at interesting
natural histories of specific examples.  In each area of oceanography we
touch on the need for man to take care.  A shoreline field trip takes us to
observe waves, nearshore processes, and life in a tropical tide pool.  This
is an introductory first course, with no prerequisites.

Quantitative Underwater Ecological Survey Techniques - QUEST (MARE 264)
       Students who enroll in QUEST will learn commonly utilized nearshore
underwater ecological surveying techniques and then apply them in the field
using scuba as a research tool. Students will learn to identify common
Hawaiian reef invertebrates, fishes, and seaweeds, and will also learn
basic reef geomorphology and substrate types. Lectures will also cover
basics in experimental design, statistical analysis, spreadsheet design,
data reduction and graphic representation.  Finally, students will be
introduced to a variety of surveying techniques including:  towboard
reconnaissance, visual censusing of fishes, censusing of benthonic
invertebrates, and video and still photographic censusing of fish and
invertebrates. Students will then spend five days in the field utilizing
scuba to survey the coral reefs off Puako Hawaii during a series of day and
night dives.  Data will then be reduced, analyzed, and presented in an oral
report.  This class affords students a unique opportunity to learn and
apply diving research techniques in a truly beautiful environment.
Admission by advance consent of the instructors.

Advanced Oceanography Lab (MARE 301L)
       Map the sea floor of Hawaii's bays from on board a UHH research
vessel.  Collect samples of marine sediments using a corer and study deep
ocean sediments using a Scanning Electron Microscope. Investigate ocean
currents by tracking drogues as they drift along the island's shores.  Plot
oceanographic data on a computer and interpret the results using the latest
scientific software.  Map the temperature and salinity patterns in scenic
Hilo Bay.

       Collect plankton from a UHH research vessel, identify and enumerate
them in the laboratory, and select specimens to be photographed with a
Scanning Electron Microscope. Learn to identify many of the common Hawaiian
reef fishes, and have the opportunity to practice in situ techniques used
to visually census fishes.  Finally, participate in cooperative field
research on the endangered green sea turtle, Chelonia midas, involving
their capture, tagging, and subsequent release.   There are no
prerequisites, but some previous coursework in biological or earth sciences
is recommended.

Advanced Quantitative Underwater Ecological Survey Techniques (MARE 364)
       Students who have completed MARE 264 with at least a "B" grade may
apply for admission to Advanced QUEST.  Applicants who are accepted, will
be assigned as dive team leaders for the basic QUEST course (MARE 264).  In
this leadership role, advanced QUEST students will work with the diving
safety officer to monitor the safe diving practice of each member of their
team, will supervise the dive team's collection of data in the field as
well as its reduction and analysis, and will anchor the team's written and
oral presentations. Team leaders will also assist in training students in
identification of organisms.

Tropical Marine Research Investigations  (MARE/BIOL 366)
       This course affords undergraduates the unique opportunity to get
"hands-on" experience in doing original scientific research on marine-
related problems.  Research projects can be selected from a list of topics
including both laboratory or field oriented investigations, or students may
research their own topic subsequent to consent of the instructor.  Students
will do a thorough literature search prior to developing an experimental
design for the project, write a research proposal, and then will collect
and analyze their data.  At the end of the summer session, students will
prepare a final written report, and will give a short oral presentation of
their findings.  Successful completion of this course meets the skill
project requirement for the Marine Option Program Certificate.  Admission
by the consent of the instructor.

Marine Ecology (MARE/BIOL 382)
       Survey the ecology of marine communities from a global perspective
with an emphasis on the interactions that structure natural systems.
Discover why coral reefs and the deep sea are ecological paradoxes and
discuss exciting research on competition, predation, and community ecology.
Students will be required to research a topic in marine ecology and give a
short presentation to the class.  This course requires a prior course in
marine biology or oceanog-raphy, or the consent of the instructor.

                              Sailing, Kayaking, Fishing,
                             Snorkeling and SCUBA diving.
       Students enrolled in the UHH marine science summer session will have
the opportunity to participate in snorkeling, fishing, kayaking, and
sailing through the UHH Marine Option Program.  SCUBA diving excursions
will be available at special rates through Hilo and Kona Coast dive shops.

                           Summer Session in Marine Science
                                Weekly Course Schedule

MARE/BIOL 171      Marine Biology, 8:00 - 10:00 am, M-T-Th-F
MARE/BIOL 171L     Marine Biology Lab, 1:00 - 4:00 pm, Tues.
MARE 190           Hawaii Marine Field Experience, 7:30 am - 6:00 pm, Sat.
GEOL 201           Oceanography, 10:00 am - 12:00, M-T-Th-F
MARE 264           QUEST - Quantitative Underwater Ecological Survey Techniques
                   (May 15 - 27, 8:00 am - 10:00 pm)
MARE 364           Advanced QUEST (May 14 - 27)
MARE 301L          Advanced Oceanography Lab, section 1, 8:00 am - 12:00, W
MARE 301L          Advanced Oceanography Lab, section 2, 1:00 - 5:00 pm, W
MARE 366           Tropical Marine Research Investigations, 1:00 - 5:00 pm, M,T,Th or F
MARE/BIOL 382      Marine Ecology, 10:00 am - 12:00, M-T-Th-F

       Summer session students should take between a minimum of three and a
maximum of 10 credit hours of course work, not counting QUEST. Sample
courses loads and the weekly course schedule are shown below.

Sample Schedules:

       Introductory Track

       Example A
       1)    Marine Biology (MARE/BIOL 171) - 3 credits
       2)    Marine Biology Lab (MARE/BIOL 171L) - 1 credit
       3)    Oceanography (GEOL 201) - 3 credits
       4)    Hawaii Marine Field Experience (MARE 194) - 1 credit
       Total = 8 credit hours

       Example B
       1)    Marine Biology (MARE/BIOL 171) - 3 credits
       2)    Marine Biology Lab (MARE/BIOL 171L) - 1 credit
       3)    Advanced Oceanography Lab (MARE 301L) - 2 credits
       4)    Other summer course offering - 3 credits
       Total = 9 credits

       Example C
       1)    Oceanography (GEOL 201) - 3 credits
       2)    Hawaii Marine Field Experience (MARE 190) - 1 credit
       3)    Advanced Oceanography Lab (MARE 301L) - 2 credits
       Total = 6 credit hours

       Advanced Track

       1)    Marine Ecology (MARE 382) - 3 credits
       2)    Advanced Oceanography Lab (MARE 301L) - 2 credits
       3)    Tropical Marine Research Investigations (MARE 366) - 3 credits
       Total = 8 credit hours

University of Hawaii at Hilo

       The University of Hawaii at Hilo, fully accredited by the Western
Association of Schools and Colleges, is a part of the Hawaii system of
higher education.  Its liberal arts programs with classes averaging 17
students, emphasize accessibility to facilities and instructors in a small
campus atmosphere.  Teaching is a priority concern of all UHH Faculty.
Professors are encourage to involve students in their own research and
publication; as a result, UHH students do very well in graduate school. UHH
Faculty and Administrators have uniquely tapped the rich cultural heritage
and environmental resources of the Big Island in such programs as the
Marine Science Summer Program, the Hawaiian Studies Program, the Kalakaua
Marine Education Center, the Center for the Study of Active Volcanoes and
the Marine Option Program.

       The UHH Summer Marine Science faculty exemplify the best in national

       Dr. Walter Dudley has been a shipboard scientist on more than a
dozen major oceano-graphic research expeditions including submersible dives
and deep sea drilling aboard the Glomar Challenger.  Dudley has published
articles in geological, chemical and physical oceanography including the
marine science entries in the Cambridge General Encyclopedia and co-
authored a book entitled Tsunami.  He is also Director of the Kalakaua
Marine Education Center.

Dr. Brent Gallagher has conducted research at the Scripps Institution of
Oceanography and the University of Hawaii, and brings with him an
impressive range of experience in many different aspects of physical
oceanography including studies of tides in Samoa and in the Marshall
Islands, studies of surf at Fanning Island, diffusion studies in the deep
ocean, environ-mental impact studies in New Caledonia, and the study of
ocean structure and circulation in harbors.

Dr. Leon Hallacher has research interests which focus on the ecology and
behavior of fishes.  He is an experienced scuba diver, having logged over
1000 research dives and having served as a Scuba Instructor in the UC
Berkeley Scientific Diver Training Program.  Dr. Hallacher has studied fish
in situ in Central America, East Africa, California and Hawaii as well as
participated in more than twelve oceanographic research cruises aboard both
domestic and foreign research vessels.  He is an experienced underwater
photographer, whose photos have been published in both scientific and
popular journals.

Dr. Brian Tissot studies the ecology and evolution of
marine invertebrates.  He is an experienced scuba diver and has logged
dives throughout the temperate and tropical Pacific. He has been a
scientist on half a dozen research cruises involving submersible dives.
Tissot has published articles on ecology, evolution, statistics, and global
climate change.  He has a strong background in biometry and writes computer
programs for statistical analyses and modeling of population dynamics.

Dr. Paul Sikkel is a Research Associate at the University of Washington's
Friday Harbor Laboratories.  He specializes in studies on the behavior and
ecology of  marine reef fishes. As a SCUBA instructor and research diver,
Sikkel has logged dives in a variety of temperate and tropical locations,
including Washington, California, Mexico, Panama, and Hawaii.  His research
experience includes work on sharks, damselfishes, and sex-changing basses.
He has published articles on reproductive behavior and endocrinology,
social organization, and feeding behavior of marine fishes.

All five instructors are outstanding teachers and three are recipients of
the prestigious University of Hawaii Board of Regents' Excellence in
Teaching Award.

With its combination of an ideal environment, excellent curriculum and
outstanding instructors, the UHH Summer Marine Science Program is one of
the best opportunities for undergraduate marine science study in the
nation.  In recognition of this exceptional summer program of study the UHH
Summer Marine Science Program has received an "Award for Excellence of
Program" from the Western Association of Summer School Administrators, an
organization representing over 80 member universities in the western U.S.,
Canada, and Mexico.

For further information:

University of Hawaii at Hilo
Kalakaua Marine Education Center
200 W. Kawili St.
Hilo, Hi.  96720-4091

or E-mail:  kmec at
       or:  corinne at

or Fax:     808-933-3693

or Phone:   808-933-3544


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