Topic for AP Biology Research Paper

Alan E. Jackson AJackson at ST.CEU.EDU
Thu Feb 15 22:58:44 EST 1996


To: bioforum at net.bio.net
From: plug at outlet.com (George Chang)
Subject: Topic for AP Biology Research Paper
Date: Thu, 15 Feb 1996 06:03:33 GMT

  I would like any ideas of interesting topics for my research paper.  
Basically anything that has to do with biology will work.  I have 
thought up of a couple but I figured that they were bland.  

thanx
*gc*
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Here is something that needs to be looked into more, and people
   need to be made aware of. It would be of great help to many.
                                    At your service,
                                    Alan E. Jackson
          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
     The following article is from;
         THE NEWS-TIMES, Morehead City-beaufort, N.C.
             Monday, Nov. 11, 1985.

   "LOCAL THEORIST BELIEVES MOVEMENT IS ESSENTIAL TO CELLULAR GROWTH, LIFE".

                               BY JOHN HACKNEY, News-Times Staff Writer.

      ALAN JACKSON, Morehead City, fancies himself as a backyard philosopher.
    He spends a lot of hours reading books, magazines and research papers
    trying to understand just why certain things are the way they are.

      Mr. Jackson's most recent research has yielded an astounding theory;
    that movement is as important as nourishment to human beings.  He came to
    that conclusion based on the behavior of magnetic bacteria.

      He also believes these bacteria may be responsible for cell division.

      "I think movement through the earth's magnetic field is as important as
    nutrition."

      MR. JACKSON, 32, left high school at the age of 17 to join the Marine
    Corp.  He spent four years at Cherry Point, during which time he earned
    general education development (G.E.D.) degree and took college preparatory
    courses in various fields.

      Since leaving Cherry Point, he has held jobs with Hatsel Electric Co.;
    with Conner Homes as an electrician; with Carteret Court Apartments, as
    maintenance supervisor; and at Sea Coast Refrigeration.  He has also taken
    several college courses at Carteret Technical College.

      MR. JACKSON believes the earth's magnetic field is generated by molten
    lava rotating in the earth's core.  The lava moves in the opposite
    direction of the earth itself, thus creating such a field.

      "If we go to other planets, and no molten lava is flowing under the
    surface to create a magnetic field, the chances of finding life as we 
    know it is slim."

      Without flux lines, the magnetic bacteria would have no guide to food.
    "we can't live without flux lines," he said.

      Based on his unguessable research, Mr. Jackson theorizes that magnetic
    bacteria in cells follow flux lines within the geomagnetic field to get
    iron, which is there source of nourishment.

      DR. RICHARD P. BLAKEMORE, a scientist at the University of New   
    Hampshire, has said that amorphous cells (cells without form) accumulate 
    a great deal of iron from outside cell walls to produce magnetic 
    particles.

      Mr. Jackson believes it is more then a coincidence that humans need iron
    supplement to exist.

      SCIENTISTS know that bacteria collect and store iron, but they have yet
    to discover how.  Mr. Jackson thinks magnetic bacteria swim inside
    individual cells within the body to get iron, possibly from the exterior
    walls of the cell nucleus or from the outer walls of the cell itself.

      He contends the bacteria move within the cell according to the body's
    orientation to magnetic flux lines.  It has been shown that magnetic
    bacteria in the northern hemisphere migrate along flex lines in a
    northerly fashion, while magnetic bacteria in the southern hemisphere
    move south

      THE NUMBERS of north-seeking and south-seeking magnetic bacteria at
    the equator have been proven equal, indicating the effect of flux lines
    on bacteria.

      Dr. Blakemore and Dr. Richard B. Frankel of the Massachusetts Institute
    of Technology wrote that "magnetotactic bacteria are bottom-dwelling
    organisms that are either anaerobic (capable of living only in the absence
    of oxygen) or microaerophilic (surviving best in environments with little
    oxygen)."

      Therefore, they theorize, these bacteria would have a tendency to
    migrate downward, depending on their location, because "it would help
    them to avoid toxic effects of the greater concentration of oxygen in
    surface water."

      Mr. Jackson believes all people are essentially addicted to movement.
    An april 1979 article in Omni magazine cited the deterioration of
    astronauts' bones after periods of inactivity or weightlessness.

      THIS DETERIORATION of bones, called osteoporosis, is thought by most
    to be associated with lack of gravitational forces in space.

      Mr. Jackson thinks it is caused by the body having almost no
    orientation to the earth's magnetic field (or to north and south poles).
    Wiring within the spaceship may create some magnetism, but no definite
    poles, from which bacteria can orient themselves.

      WITHOUT bodily movement, magnetic bacteria cannot move in the cell
    along magnetic flux lines.  Mr. Jackson said that was the reason chicken
    eggs, if not moved after being laid, would deteriorate.  Without
    movement, the bacteria cannot constantly reorient themselves and move, 
    and are left in a mass on one side of the cell.

      It is the movement of those bacteria that is important to cellular
    growth.  He said cells were important to both tissues and bone growth
    in the body, thus accounting for the deterioration of bones found in
    astronauts.

      HE THINKS further experiments might show that astronauts have some
    deterioration of all tissues.

      Mr. Jackson said all people, young and old, are indirectly affected
    by magnetic bacteria. He thinks indians used to carry their papooses
    (babies) on their backs to keep them moving and thus indirectly helping
    the body grow.

      HE ALSO believes crib death of babies is caused from lack of movement.
    He said babies do not have the muscle coordination necessary to move
    themselves when first born.  If the are not moved, the magnetic bacteria
    will be essentially immobile and not be able to set many body function in
    motion

      MR. JACKSON also believes lack of movement may be the reason bones
    and other tissues begin to fade as people get older and inactive.  The
    less movement, the less the body will grow.

      He added that one experiment exemplified how magnetic bacteria could be
    degaussed (or rendered neutral in magnetism) through the application of
    heat. He has seized on this to theorize the reason for the basis of
    cellular life.

      MR. JACKSON believes that as human cells age , magnetic bacteria and
    other bacteria crowd the cells, creating excess friction or heat (thermal
    energy), which effectively demagnetizes magnetic bacteria for a moment,
    causing half the bacteria to lose their orientation to flux lines and
    head in the opposite direction.  This intense action may cause cells to
    split.

      He believes that scientists may have overlooked the fact that magnetic
    bacteria heading in opposite directions may cause DNA (dioxyribo nucleic
    acid) molecules in the cell nucleus to split.  DNA is associated with
    the transmission of genes in all living things. THE END.



     COMMENT;  By Alan E. Jackson.


        If the magnetic bacteria, that seems to be found everywhere the
     scientist decides to look, can be found in every cell of the body,
     things start to make sense, and an understanding of how cells evolved
     and reproduce, may be increased.


        Imagine, life may have begun to group into cells in the ocean
     after a symbiotic relationship occurred between magnetic bacteria
     and a one celled organism.  In an act similar to the sperm penetrating
     the egg in animal reproduction, magnetic bacteria entered into a cell 
     and found conditions that could sustain its life.  After being supplied 
     with its needs, (iron, and/or by-product), the magnetic bacteria along 
     with the other components of the cell will begin to reproduce.  The
     movement and individual component functioning increases.  The increasing
     friction causes the temperature to be always on the rise.  When the
     temperature reaches a certain point, the thermo-active qualities are
     triggered in the magnetic bacteria.  Half the population of bacteria
     head north, the other half go south.  As this happens, the dna and other
     components of the cell are halved and pulled apart by the magnetic
     bacteria seeking its prospective magnetic pole, causing the cell to
     divide.

        The magnetic bacteria, (or smaller form of), may also produce a
     static charge as it swims/navigates within the cell, which could be
     used by different type cells in various ways.  The charge could later
     be used to produce magnetic fields/poles when needed, for a period of
     time, when the cell itself is not reorientating in a magnetic field.

        The magnetic bacteria may rebuild the walls of the nucleus, (or aid
     in building nucleus and cell walls), after a cell divides.













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