Medicine's Ten Greatest Discoveries
jshauser at flash.net
jshauser at flash.net
Sat Aug 29 05:32:00 EST 1998
In article <35e7564d.5266531 at news.mindspring.com>,
drmlgppp at mindspring.com wrote:
> mike.conrad at nospam.usa.net (Mike Conrad) wrote:
> >In November, Yale University Press will publish
> >"Medicine's Ten Greatest Discoveries", as written by
> >Gerald W. Friedland and Meyer Friedman.
> >A little preview, in chronological order:
> > 1543 - Andreas Vesalius presents "De
> > Humani Corporis Fabrica," or "The
> > Structure of the Human Body," which de-
> > tailed the anatomy of the human body. He
> > was the first to point out that without
> > bones, human beings would be mushy
> > blobs. "It presented medicine with the
> > precious gift of the scientific method with
> > which to approach an infinite number of
> > future medical problems."
> > 1628 - William Harvey published "De
> > Motu Cordis" or "On the Motion of the
> > Heart," in which he described the func-
> > tions of the heart and the circulation of
> > blood. Introducing his discovery of circu-
> > lation, Harvey wrote that his findings
> > were "of so novel and unheard-of charac-
> > ter, that I not only fear injury to myself
> > from the envy of a few, but I tremble lest
> > I have mankind at large for my enemies."
> > 1675 - Anton Leeuwenhoek, a haber-
> > dasher and part-time janitor, looking at a
> > drop of rainwater under a microscope,
> > discovered "little animals" - or bacte-
> > ria, a cause of myriad diseases.
> > 1796 - By using cowpox, which causes
> > a mild disease in human beings, to pro-
> > tect a person from the deadlier smallpox,
> > Edward Jenner discovered vaccination.
> > His method of injecting dead bacteria or
> > their toxins helped eradicate smallpox,
> > and protects against bubonic plague,
> > chickenpox, cholera, diphtheria, influ-
> > enza, measles, mumps, rabies, typhoid fe-
> > ver, tetanus and other diseases.
> > 1842 - Crawford Long, using ether to
> > prevent his patients from feeling pain, de-
> > veloped surgical anesthesia.
> > 1895 - Wilhelm Roentgen discovered
> > the X-ray beam, and developed one of the
> > most important diagnostic tools.
> > 1907 - Ross Harrison figured out how
> > to grow living cells outside the body.
> > "It made possible the study of living organ-
> > isms at the cellular and even the molecu-
> > lar level and the development of modern
> > vaccines ... and abetted the search for
> > the causes of cancer (and AIDS). Indeed,
> > because of tissue culture, more has been
> > learned about the basic mechanisms of
> > disease in the past 50 years than in the
> > previous 5,000."
> > 1912 - Nikolai Anichkov discovered
> > that cholesterol was responsible for coro-
> > nary artery disease, currently the world at s
> > most deadly disease.
> > 1928 - Alexander Fleming discovered
> > penicillin, which led the way for the devel-
> > opment of other antibiotics to treat infec-
> > tions.
> > 1950-53 - Maurice Wilkins did the pio-
> > neering work of isolating a single fiber of
> > DNA and examining it, which James Wat-
> > son and Francis Crick used to develop
> > their own double helix model of DNA, the
> > heredity-bearing molecule. Wilkins
> > shared the Nobel Prize with them for the
> > discovery, which opened the door to ge-
> > netics research in 1962.
> >All great men, to be sure, but my own vote goes to Jenner for his
> >courage and the amazing intuitive leap involved... not to mention the
> >number of lives saved.
> Well, there are many great discoveries --- I would like to name some
> of the worst:
> The guy or gal who invented the ICD9 and CPT code.
> Please remove the "ppp" from the e-mail address to respond. This is my effort
to "can the spam!"
Mitchel, you are a hoot!!!!!!!!!!!!!! RODLMAO jsh
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