Fwd: Eco-terrorism investigated (fwd)

rosaphil rugosa at interport.net
Mon Sep 27 14:00:32 EST 1999


and alive and well...eli lilley lying about the kidney damage zyprexa
causes and also initially marketing prozac as a diet drug for fat park
avenue ladies at 60mg/day and all the mass-murderers on prozac and zoloft?

who mourns for these victims of greed run rampant?

hrmmm.

well, submit yer comments to the below journalists at yer lesiures.

+********** Snail me yer rosehips if you liked this post! ************
*Better Living Thru Better Living!* http://www.interport.net/~rugosa *

Subject: Fwd: Eco-terrorism investigated

Suggest that people write the two clueless reporters listed at the
bottom of this stupid story.


Subject: Eco-terrorism investigated
Resent-Date: Sun, 26 Sep 1999 22:18:56 -0700
Resent-From: iww-news at iww.org
Date: Sun, 26 Sep 1999 22:18:21 -0700 (PDT)
From: MichaelP <papadop at PEAK.ORG>
To: iww-news at iww.org

[Apologies for sending this identical piece without a SUBJECT head]

I arrived in "THE OREGONIAN"'s territory in 1967 after having been
elsewhere. I subscribed to this newspaper because of the quality of the
film criticism. The critic -Ted Mahar - has retired; I find no other
redeeming features so I no longer subscribe. 

So now the Oregonian investigates 'eco-terrorism'. It has to define the
term, it finds the significant cases which fit that definition and looks
at the 100 "worst" cases.

Of course the definition of eco-terrorist fits the case of Judi Bari,
blown up in her own car by a bomb alleged to have been planted by or for
the FBI - but that case has had no mention in the Oregonian, at least
not
in detail.

Cheeras
MichaelP

<In its 10-month review, the first comprehensive accounting of
environmental terrorism in the West by a newspaper, The Oregonian
evaluated hundreds of incidents noted by the Animal Liberation Front,
Fur
Commission USA, the U.S.  Forest Service, Public Employees for
Environmental Responsibility, Americans for Medical Progress and others.
It used the Federal Bureau of Investigation's definition of terrorism -
a
crime intended to coerce, intimidate or change public policy - and
considered only those crimes in which damage totaled at least $50,000 or
that potentially put human lives at risk. >

===================
THE OREGONIAN (Portland) September 26
(first in a series)


Eco-terrorism sweeps the American West

Escalating sabotage to save the environment has inflicted tens of
millions
of dollars in damage and placed lives at risk, a 10-month review by The
Oregonian shows

Sunday, September 26, 1999
______________________________________________________________________

By Bryan Denson and James Long of The Oregonian


Arsons, bombings and sabotage in the name of saving the environment and
its creatures have swept the American West over the last two decades,
and
Oregon is increasingly the center of it all.

At least 100 major acts of such destruction have occurred since 1980,
causing $42.8 million in damages, The Oregonian found in an examination
of
hundreds of crimes in 11 contiguous Western states.


[LINK]
Click for chart: "Ecoterrorism's toll"

In the last four years alone, the West has been rocked by 33 substantial
incidents, with damages reaching $28.8 million. And one in five of all
major events have occurred in Oregon.

Law enforcement agencies are for the most part baffled by the mounting
phenomenn.

Just a month ago, an animal experimentation lab in Orange, Calif, was
vandalized, sustaining $250,000 in damages. In May, arson destroyed a
$65,000 log loader at a chip mill near Cle Elum, Wash., that draws from
the Wenatchee National Forest, and arson struck a Eugene meat processor,
causing $350,000 in damages.

>From the 1981 torching of an herbicide-spraying helicopter on Oregon's
central coast, to the 1993 pipe-bombing of a federal predator-control
office in Portland, to the 1998 arson of a timber company headquarters
in
Medford, damage here has exceeded $13 million - more than California's
$8.5 million in 30 incidents and more than in any other Western state.

The crimes are typically intended to disrupt logging, the recreational
use
of wilderness, or the use of animals for fur, food or research. They
stymie law enforcement agents, who find aftermath scenes relatively free
of clues except for spray-painted signs decrying environmental abuse.
And
in many cases, such as the arson nearly one year ago at the Vail, Colo.,
ski resort, a nameless communique is sent to a sympathetic mouthpiece.

In the case of Vail, a Portland animal rights activist, Craig
Rosebraugh,
called local and national media to say he did not know who sent him the
message but to clearly state the purpose of the $12 million blaze:
protecting lynx habitat from destruction by the ski resort's developers.
Rosebraugh, laying responsibility to a group called Earth Liberation
Front, had acted as messenger before but has never been linked by
authorities to the crimes.

The crimes are acts of domestic terrorism - violence intended to change
the behavior of individuals and institutions or to alter public
policies.
Environmental preservation is their cause, making them distinct from
other
terrorist acts, such as the 1995 bombing of a federal building in
Oklahoma
City, which killed 168 people.

But the crimes are not classified as environmental, because few agree on
a
definition.

Radical environmentalists contend that terms such as "eco-terrorism" and
"environmental terrorism" unfairly spread blame to all who care about
protecting the Earth. Some dispute even the existence of a widespread
problem. Loggers, ranchers and animal researchers, however, say the
crimes
are acts designed to intimidate them and that they represent a
dangerous,
emerging epidemic.

The Oregonian examined the crimes and found the threat to humans and
property in the American West to be real - and on the rise.

In its 10-month review, the first comprehensive accounting of
environmental terrorism in the West by a newspaper, The Oregonian
evaluated hundreds of incidents noted by the Animal Liberation Front,
Fur
Commission USA, the U.S. Forest Service, Public Employees for
Environmental Responsibility, Americans for Medical Progress and others.
It used the Federal Bureau of Investigation's definition of terrorism -
a
crime intended to coerce, intimidate or change public policy - and
considered only those crimes in which damage totaled at least $50,000 or
that potentially put human lives at risk.

The newspaper verified or debunked each case by reviewing thousands of
pages of police files court records, government reports and news
accounts,
and by conducting interviews with more than 200 people, including
victims,
police and a few convicted of the crimes.

Borderline cases that could not be convincingly linked to environmental
terrorism were thrown out.

On March 11, for instance, arsonists set fire to three pieces of logging
equipment near Sweet Home, a $910,000 loss for Timber Harvesting Inc.
Although protests and sabotage had occurred there before, none had
recently, and no one took credit for the crime. The sabotage was not
included among the final 100. Neither was the 1995 sabotage of a paper
mill in Camas, Wash., in which power supplies to steam boilers were
shut,
bringing the plant to within minutes of exploding. At the time, the
company was downsizing its workforce, which might have set the stage for
the attack.

Although these crimes started nearly two decades ago - some seem clearly
inspired by Edward Abbey's 1975 novel, "The Monkey Wrench Gang" - they
have escalated dangerously, sometimes with the use of bombs, in the last
six years.

On Memorial Day weekend in 1993, a pipe bomb exploded in the window of
an
unoccupied U.S. Department of Agriculture predator-control office in
Southeast Portland. The agency had killed coyotes, black bears and
cougars
that threatened livestock. Environmentalists had fought bitterly with
the
agency about those killings and were for the first time in the West,
suspected by law enforcement officials of a bombing.

But no charges were ever filed.

Since then, bombs have exploded on logging trucks in California, on the
roof of a Forest Service office in New Mexico and inside meat and feed
businesses in Utah.

Even more worrisome to federal agents are large-scale arsons.

Vail's $12 million burn was preceded in 1996 by the torching of the U.S.
Forest Service ranger district office in Oakridge, southeast of Eugene,
a
loss. now calculated at $9 million, and two federal wildlife offices in
1998 in Washington state worth $1.9 million.

None of these cases has been solved.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, prompted by the 1995 Oklahoma City
bombing, set up task forces throughout the United States to look into
domestic terrorism. Some of those forces, including a multi-agency group
that meets monthly in Oregon, have spent many hours sharing leads in
environmental terrorism cases.

But those investigations have been spotty and unsuccessful. Fewer than
20
of the 100 major cases have been solved.
______________

Eco-terrorists frustrate investigators by hitting remote targets, often
at
night, and leaving little evidence but charred ruins.

About the only time police catch the terrorists is when clues are
delivered to them. The rest of the time, the terrorists have remained
anonymous while identifying their group or left such a trail of
circumstantial evidence as to draw attention to their cause.

Blind luck has led to the arrest and conviction of some.

In early 1997, militant animal-rights activists tried to set fire to an
Ogden, Utah, trapping supply store with a night watchman inside. Nolan
Horton saw youths dousing his building with gasoline and chased them
away.
Later, he described their pickup's garishly customized wheels, a clue
that
helped to solve several cases.

Federal agents caught Rodney Coronado, 33, who moved to Eugene in March
after serving 3 1/2 years in an Arizona prison for fur industry arsons,
after he used an expired Federal Express account number. The package
contained a video linking Coronado to a $1.2 million arson at a Michigan
State University lab. The evidence helped solve several cases.

And in the late 1980s, an undercover FBI agent infiltrated a radical
Arizona group calling itself the Evan Mecharn Eco Terrorist
International
Conspiracy. The group, jokingly named after the conservative car dealer
who'd been elected governor of Arizona, sabotaged ski resorts and
electrical transmission towers. The agent gained access only after an
insider blabbed to the FBI. The case put four people behind bars.

But the vast majority of the crimes have gone unpunished.

Typical is the toppling of three 345,000-volt power poles on July 4,
1981,
near Moab, Utah - an incident that occurred while the radical
environmental group Earth First! was conducting its second annual Round
River Rendezvous six miles, to the south. Whoever cut down the poles
planted a tiny U.S. flag in the sand. No charges were ever filed.

Until recently, terroristic crimes in the name of environmental
protection
had limited, local impact and drew little attention because they were
spread over two decades and such vast territory. But targets have grown
larger in recent years.

Larger targets meant more damage. And more damage meant more attention,
said Special Agent James N. Damitio, a veteran U.S. Forest Service
investigator in Corvallis.

"The objective of these people is to bring attention to their cause for
change," Damitio said. "And if they don't feel like they're getting that
attention, they try something else."
______________

Environmental terrorists have taunted authorities by taking convincing
but
nameless credit for 67 of the 100 major crimes identified by The
Oregonian. They have routinely passed anonymous notes and encrypted
computer e-mails to people such as Rosebraugh and to news services such
as
The Associated Press.

In the summer of 1997, terrorists took credit for torching a $1.3
million
slaughterhouse in Redmond on behalf of the Animal Liberation Front. They
passed a communique to the ALF press office in Minnesota and to
Rosebraugh, who disseminated specific details: The activists drilled
holes
in the walls of the slaughterhouse and poured 35 gallons of homemade
napalm inside, then set three electrically timed incendiaries to "bring
to
a screeching halt what countless protests and letter-writing campaigns
could never stop."

Police recognized the claim as credible and accurate but have yet to
arrest anyone.

The "tagging" of such crimes infuriates them.

But it reveals a pattern about the perpetrators: Anyone who commits an
act
of environmental terrorism and claims credit on behalf of the Animal
Liberation Front or the Earth Liberation Front, or other underground
groups, is automatically a "member." There are no membership rosters, no
boards of directors, just a collective sentiment that is enough to
inspire
certain people to commit life-threatening crimes against society.

Police believe the perpetrators are typically ad hoc bands of two to six
individuals who focus on hitting specific targets.

Coronado certainly was one, though he denies he is a terrorist. Instead,
he says he and his comrades were militant environmentalists and
animal-rights activists who were interested only in financially
crippling
enterprises they accuse of plundering nature for profit.

He says the term eco-terrorism was thought up by corporations and
applied
to a variety of small-time pranks such as sitting in trees to prevent
logging or throwing animal entrails on public officials to protest
hunting.

"I personally consider myself an anti- terrorist, because everything I
oppose I see as acts of terrorism," said Coronado, who writes for the
radical Earth First! journal, published in Eugene. "When I think of
eco-terrorist, I think of corpo rate executive officers in high-rise
buildings."
______________

Serious environmental terrorism started to mount in the late 1980S as
conservationists fought to prevent loggers from cutting ancient trees
that
provided habitat for the threatened northern spotted owl. Taking pages
right out of a 1985 sabotage manual - "ECODEFENSE: A Field Guide to
Monkeywrenching" - terrorists damaged dozens of bulldozers and other
logging equipment in timber-rich Oregon, Washington, Northern California
and Montana.

At the same time, arsonists in California struck butcher shops,
meatpacking plants, a cattle yard and university labs in an attempt to
persuade such enterprises to stop using animals for food and research.

A decade later, in 1996, underground environmentalists and animal-rights
activists were working together to save forests and animals from what
they
saw as the ravages of humankind.

The Earth Liberation Front ' an English offshoot of Earth First!, and
the
Animal liberation Front spent the Columbus Day weekend vandalizing gas
stations and fast-food restaurants along Interstate 5 between Eugene and
Grants Pass.

Less than two weeks later, someone spray painted "ELF" and "STOP RAPING
OUR FOREST" on the side of the Detroit ranger district headquarters in
Oregon's heavily logged Willamette National Forest, and set fire to a
Forest Service pickup. An unburned incendiary device was later found on
the roof of the ranger station.

Two nights later, 75 miles south in the same national forest, the
Oakridge
ranger district headquarters went up in flames.

The next year, in March 1997, ALF declared an official alliance with ELF
in a letter to the supervisor of the Willamette National Forest.

"Solidarity between these two movements is the worst nightmare of those
who would abuse the Earth and its citizens," the note warned. "Leave the
forests alone, and no one gets hurt."

What followed was the most concentrated spate environmental terrorism in
U.S. history: at least 12 arsons and nearly $17.9 million in damage,
most
of it in the Pacific Northwest.

The two organizations - sometimes jointly, some- I times alone - took
credit for almost all of it.

The Vail ski resort arson was the centerpiece.

In that action, arsonists hit the playground of the well-to-do by
torching
four buildings, including a 33,000square- foot lodge, and four ski
lifts.
The $12 million conflagration was the most destructive act of
eco-terrorism in U.S. history.

When Portland's Craig Rosebraugh announced that the Earth Liberation
Front
was responsible, he issued an announcement on behalf of the
perpetrators:
"For your safety and convenience, we strongly advise skiers to choose
other destinations until Vail cancels its inexcusable plans for
expansion."

The Vail arson awakened the public to eco-terronism. Some federal agents
who had kept tabs on the mounting crimes joked privately that it took an
upscale target like Vail to take the problem into the mainstream.

And they wondered where the public had been for the last
quarter-century.
______________

Abbey's "The Monkey Wrench Gang" follows four ecosaboteurs angered by
development of the American West. They bum down billboards, disable road
graders and blow up a railroad bridge.

But in the real world of the last two decades, passions burned more
furiously.

Angered by aerial herbicide spraying on Oregon's forests in 1981, an
anonymous duo calling itself the People's Brigade for a Healthy Genetic
Future reduced a $180,000 Hiller helicopter to a smoldering pile of
rubble
near the coastal town of Toledo.

No charges filed.

The Animal Liberation Front, an underground group born in England in
1976,
made its West Coast debut on Christmas in 1983, stealing 12 research
dogs
from a medical laboratory in Torrance, Calif. The $50,000 theft ruined
years of research on heart pacemakers. A series of similar break-ins
followed, disrupting research intended to reduce air pollution and
alleviate sleep disorders and other human maladies. ALF claimed credit.

Cases unsolved.

ALF reappeared on April 15, 19870 claiming to have set fire to a lab
under
construction on the campus of the University of California at Davis. The
$3.5 million arson set back the diagnoses of veterinary animals across
the
West and touched off a $1.2 million spate of similar crimes against
butcher shops, meatpacking plants and cattle yards across Northern
California.

No charges filed in any of the cases.

A growing number of animal-rights activists joined radical
environmentalists in their efforts in the late 1980s. They began to see
their struggle as a shared fight to save not just the wilderness but all
animals, wild and domesticated.

They disrupted the hunting of mountain lions and bison and sabotaged a
desert motorcycle race over the sensitive habitat of kangaroo rats and
tortoises. They sabotaged logging operations to save not just
centuries-old trees but the creatures inhabiting them, especially two
birds under protection of the federal Endangered Species Act: the
northern
spotted owl and the marbled murrelet.

Coronado, who grew up in the San Francisco Bay Area, saw the struggle to
save wild nature and laboratory animals as one in the same. He says he
became an activist at age 12 when he watched a documentary film about
the
slaughter of harp seals in Canada. By 1990, he had sunk whaling boats in
Iceland, learned to make firebombs in England and sabotaged logging
sites,
fur stores and billboards in the United States and Canada.

His five-state arson campaign against the fur industry, launched in June
199 1, was called "Operation Bite Back." He and his accomplices did just
that.

They broke into Oregon State University's experimental mink farm, rigged
several incendiaries with clocks, cans of Sterno and 9-volt batteries
and
hurried away. The fire caused $62,000 in damage. Investigators found an
ominous warning spray-painted on a wall: "This is only the beginning."

They went on a nine-month tear, setting fire to a mink-food warehouse in
Edmonds, Wash.; a coyote research station in Millville, Utah; a
mink-food
manufacturing plant in Yamhill, Ore.; a research lab at Michigan State
University. They also vandalized animal-research labs at Washington
State
University in Pullman.

Coronado's terrorism worked, according to a Michigan prosecutor's
sentencing memorandum filed in U.S. District Court.

"A terrorist combines violence and threats so that those that disagree
with him are silenced, either because they have been victimized by
violence or because they fear being victimized," the memorandum said.
Although firebombings and property damage ceased for a time after
Coronado's capture, fear lingered, the prosecutor wrote.

Coronado's victims, the memo went on, "remain so afraid of the defendant
and others like him that they would not speak to the court's own
pre-sentence investigator unless he guaranteed their anonymity."

Coronado went to prison for 31/2 years, but eco-terrorism flourished.
______________

Eco-terrorists seem to have struck just about every kind of enterprise
having to do with the environment or animals. They've set fire to
everything from an ice-cream plant in Eugene to an offroad motorcycle
club
headquarters in Littlerock, Wash., to a pharmaceutical company in Fort
Collins, Colo.

To almost everyone's amazement, no one has been killed.

There have been close calls, however.

In April 1989, the Animal Liberation Front set timed incendiary devices
beneath a meat company in Monterey, Calif., perhaps not realizing that
butchers started work at 4 a.m. The morning crew smelled smoke and fled.
Only one of the firebombs ignited.

"It was an old building," butcher Manuel Brito recalled. "It could have
gone up like a matchbox."

One year later, the Earth Night Action Group toppled power lines near
Santa Cruz, Calif., a blackout that caused the failure of Rosina
Mazzei's
respirator. Paramedics took hours to revive Mazzei, who suffered from
Lou
Gehrig's disease.

Horton, the night watchman at the Utah trapping store, was standing in
an
expanding puddle of gasoline the night in 1997 when he chased arsonists
away. Police later found the molotov cocktail the arsonists had
apparently
planned to use to ignite the fuel.

Horton, the night watchman at the Utah trapping store, was standing in
an
expanding puddle of gasoline the night in 1997 when he chased arsonists
away. Police later found the molotov cocktail the arsonists had
apparently
planned to use to ignite the fuel.

"They knew I was in the building," Horton said. "The lights were on. My
truck was in front. My lunch bucket and thermos were on the counter
where
they could see it. They intended to burn me and the building."

Coronado does not now rule out the possibility that someone could be
killed - either deliberately or by accident - as crimes in the name of
the
environment continue.

The African National Congress relied on sabotage for years in its fight
against apartheid before making a conscious decision to draw blood, he
said. Although he hoped that would never happen here, he was surprised
to
learn that some Utah activists had been accused of using bombs in their
crimes.

I doubt that they had any realization of the intensity or severity of
escalating the struggle by using explosive devices," he said. "We don't
have the structures in place to support a struggle that uses explosive
devices."

Some observers worry what will happen next.

Damitio, the federal agent in Corvallis, is one.

"The old adage is, we're not going to do anything about it until
somebody
gets killed, " he said. I think it's true.

"There will be much more attention to these issues when someone does get
killed. I think we've come very close to that line, and we will cross
that
line unless we deal with this problem."
______________

Next: The face of eco-terror - who's doing it and why
________________________________________________________

You can reach Bryan Denson at 503-294-7614 or by e-mail at
btyandenson at news.oregonian.com.

You can reach James Long at 503-221 - 4351 or by e-mail at
jimlong at news.oregonian.com.

Brian Hendrickson of The Oregonian's computer services department built
databases for this series. Head librarian Sandra Macomber, assistant
head
librarian Gail Hulden and researchers Lovelle Svart, Margie Gultry and
Kathleen Blythe also contributed.


=================================


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