Co-authorship issue and plagiarism
authorshipissue at hotmail.com
Tue May 29 12:23:33 EST 2001
Before the main discussion, please start to read following related
Fine MA and Kurdek LA (1993) Reflections on Determining Authorship Credit
and Authorship Order on FacultyStudent Collaborations, American
Psychologist 48: 1141-1147.
2. American Psychological Association Ethics Committee. (1983, February).
Authorship guidelines for dissertation supervision. Washington, DC: Author.
Q1) Does the data own a dissertation supervisor or a graduate student
actually performed the experiments? 1) a graduate student 2) a
A graduate student (called here student) in the area of Biological
Sciences had performed experiments in a laboratory of an academic
institution for 5 years. He was the only one person performing a specific
project funded by NSF (National Science Foundation) at least over 4 years.
Actually major potion (over 90%) of the data in an NSF grant proposal was
the results the student generated. The student generated fruitful results
and graduated from a university with a Ph.D. Several months later, the
dissertation supervisor (called here supervisor) wrote a draft manuscript
for publication based mainly on the results from the student. The supervisor
sent to a draft to the former student for review. Major potion of the draft
contained the students results described in the students Ph.D.
dissertation which was filed for copy-right by UMI several months ago. The
draft consisted of 5 authors that the student was the first author and the
supervisor was a corresponding author. The supervisor asked 3 more authors
in the draft. The student replied O.K. but not allowed sharing the first
authorship with others. But the supervisor sent to final manuscript into a
journal without any notification to the student. The student knew the fact
of the submission of the manuscript without his approval 2 weeks later
communicating by e-mail. The student notified to a journal editor that a
supervisor submitted a manuscript without first authors approval.
Q2) Does the student allow the participation in decision-making process for
authorship credit and order? 1) Yes 2) No
A journal notified that publication of the manuscript would not be possible
if the authorship issue is solved. Then the supervisor withdraw the
manuscript and re-submitted into the same journal a manuscript which is
identical to the original manuscript except elimination of the student name
in the author list and a footnote of the results from the students Ph.D.
dissertation. The student does not want to use his data in the supervisors
manuscript if he is not an author.
Q3) The supervisor used the students data in his manuscript without the
students approval. Is it a case of plagiarism? 1) Yes 2) No
I would like to get information or policies about this case. It would be
appreciated any comments and recommendations for the supervisor or the
graduate student to following e-mail authorshipissue at hotmail.com.
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