Three New BIOSCI prototype newsgroups!

David Kristofferson kristoff at net.bio.net
Mon Feb 14 16:08:49 EST 1994

Three new BIOSCI prototype newsgroups have been established:

biocan at net.bio.net      An unmoderated forum established by the
                          Canadian Federation of Biological Societies
                          (CFBS) to serve as a multidisciplinary forum
                          for the exchange of information within the
                          Canadian biological and biomedical science

grasses at net.bio.net     Scientific discussions/questions regarding
                          grasses, especially cereal, forage, and turf

nmr-str at net.bio.net     A forum for all those interested in studying
                          three dimensional structure of
                          macromolecules using Nuclear Magnetic
                          Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR).

A CFD for the NMR-STR group will go out in a few days to begin the
process of creating a full-fledged newsgroup.  The other two have six
months to establish usage before going to a vote.

Please see the section on prototype newsgroups near the end of the
BIOSCI information sheet below for details about prototype newsgroups.
As our e-mail server remains down, please address subscription
requests to biosci-help at net.bio.net.


				Dave Kristofferson
				BIOSCI/bionet Manager


                       (last revised 14-FEB-94)
This is the BIOSCI information sheet for the Americas and Pacific Rim
countries.  If you are located in Europe, Africa, or Central Asia,
please request that version of the BIOSCI information sheet by sending
e-mail to the Internet address:

                       biosci-help at net.bio.net

The address above is the personal assistance address for this regional
BIOSCI node and mail to it is read by people, not computers.

New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the "Frequently Asked
Questions" or "FAQ" sheet for BIOSCI.  The FAQ provides details on how
to participate in these forums and is available for anonymous FTP from
net.bio.net [] in pub/BIOSCI/doc/biosci.FAQ.  It may also be
requested by sending e-mail to biosci-help at net.bio.net (use plain English
for your request).  The FAQ is also posted on the first of each month
to the newsgroup BIONEWS/bionet.announce immediately following the
posting of the BIOSCI information sheet.


The BIOSCI newsgroup network was developed to allow easy worldwide
communications between biological scientists who work on a variety of
computer networks.  BIOSCI is supported by the National Science
Foundation, Department of Energy, and National Institutes of Health in
the U.S.A. and by the Science and Engineering Research Council
Daresbury Laboratory in the United Kingdom.  BIOSCI services are
available to users free of charge.

BIOSCI messages are distributed by two means: USENET news software and
electronic mail.

NEWS" SOFTWARE AT YOUR SITE.  The software is in the public domain,
and you will find it much more convenient than subscribing to
newsgroups by e-mail.  Please consult your systems manager (the
software may already be available on a machine at your institution) or
contact biosci-help at net.bio.net for a list of software available free
of charge on the Internet.  NOTE, however, that the installation and
maintenance of news software requires the assistance of a trained
systems operator in most cases and is not a task to be undertaken by a
computer novice.

Why is news software preferable to e-mail?  News software recovers
messages automatically after network interruptions, whereas your e-mail
address may have to be removed from the subscription list at times if
your computer/network malfunctions and undelivered mail starts
bouncing back to the BIOSCI administrative sites.  You will have to
manually retrieve lost messages from the archives if your e-mail
subscription is suspended.

News software organizes messages by topic and subtopic for easy
browsing.  In contrast if you subscribe by e-mail to more than one
discussion list, messages from multiple lists arrive into your
personal mail file in chronological order of posting only and are
mixed in with your personal messages.  You have to connect the
discussion threads yourself if you use e-mail.

In summary, e-mail participation should be seen as a LAST RESORT to be
used only if news software can not be installed locally.

Fortunately, BIOSCI offers advantages for e-mail users too.  By having
distribution sites or "nodes" on each major network, BIOSCI allows its
e-mail users to contact people around the world without having to
learn a variety of computer addressing tricks.  Any user can simply
post a message to his/her regional BIOSCI node and copies of that
message will be distributed automatically to all other subscribers on
all of the participating networks, including the Internet, USENET,

List of BIOSCI newsgroups
BIOSCI messages are distributed on the newsgroups in the "bionet"
hierarchy of USENET and on the corresponding mailing lists indicated
below.  Contents of the USENET newsgroups and the e-mail distributions
are *identical*, i.e., messages sent in by e-mail are also forwarded
to USENET and messages posted to USENET newsgroups are also
distributed to e-mail subscribers.

An expanded description of the purpose of each newsgroup follows this

MAILING LIST NAME          USENET Newsgroup Name
-----------------          ---------------------
ACEDB-SOFT                 bionet.software.acedb
AGEING                     bionet.molbio.ageing
AGROFORESTRY               bionet.agroforestry
ARABIDOPSIS                bionet.genome.arabidopsis
BIOFORUM                   bionet.general
BIO-INFORMATION-THEORY +   bionet.info-theory
BIONAUTS                   bionet.users.addresses
BIONEWS **                 bionet.announce
BIO-JOURNALS **            bionet.journals.contents
BIO-MATRIX                 bionet.molbio.bio-matrix
BIO-SOFTWARE               bionet.software
BIOTHERMOKINETICS          bionet.metabolic-reg
CELL-BIOLOGY               bionet.cellbiol
CHLAMYDOMONAS              bionet.chlamydomonas
CHROMOSOMES                bionet.genome.chromosomes
COMPUTATIONAL-BIOLOGY **   bionet.biology.computational
DROSOPHILA                 bionet.drosophila
EMBL-DATABANK              bionet.molbio.embldatabank
EMPLOYMENT                 bionet.jobs
GDB                        bionet.molbio.gdb
GENBANK-BB                 bionet.molbio.genbank
GENETIC-LINKAGE            bionet.molbio.gene-linkage
HIV-MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY      bionet.molbio.hiv
HUMAN-GENOME-PROGRAM       bionet.molbio.genome-program
IMMUNOLOGY                 bionet.immunology
INFO-GCG                   bionet.software.gcg
JOURNAL-NOTES              bionet.journals.note
METHODS-AND-REAGENTS       bionet.molbio.methds-reagnts
MOLECULAR-EVOLUTION        bionet.molbio.evolution
MYCOLOGY                   bionet.mycology
NEUROSCIENCE               bionet.neuroscience
N2-FIXATION                bionet.biology.n2-fixation
PHOTOSYNTHESIS             bionet.photosynthesis
PLANT-BIOLOGY              bionet.plants
POPULATION-BIOLOGY         bionet.population-bio
PROTEIN-ANALYSIS           bionet.molbio.proteins
PROTEIN-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY    bionet.xtallography
RAPD                       bionet.molbio.rapd
SCIENCE-RESOURCES **       bionet.sci-resources
TROPICAL-BIOLOGY           bionet.biology.tropical
VIROLOGY                   bionet.virology
WOMEN-IN-BIOLOGY           bionet.women-in-bio
YEAST                      bionet.molbio.yeast


** Note that newsgroups flagged with ** are moderated, i.e., postings
are directed to a moderator (editor) who later forwards messages
(possibly edited or condensed) to the newsgroup.

List of BIOSCI Newsgroup Topics

-----------------            -----
ACEDB-SOFT                   Discussions by users and developers of genome
                                databases using the ACEDB software.
AGEING                       Discussions about ageing research
AGROFORESTRY                 Discussions about agroforestry research
ARABIDOPSIS                  Newsgroup for the Arabidopsis Genome Project
BIOFORUM                     Discussions about biological topics for
                                which there is not yet a dedicated newsgroup
  THEORY-AND-CHOWDER-SOCIETY Applications of information theory to biology
BIONAUTS                     Question/answer forum for help using
                                electronic networks, locating e-mail
                                addresses, etc.
BIONEWS **                   General announcements of widespread
                                interest to biologists
BIO-JOURNALS **              Tables of Contents of biological journals
BIO-MATRIX                   Applications of computers to biological databases
BIO-SOFTWARE                 Information on software for the biological
BIOTHERMOKINETICS            Discussions about the kinetics, thermodynamics
                                and control of biological processes at
                                the cellular level
CELL-BIOLOGY                 Discussions about cell biology including
                                cancer research at the cellular level
CHLAMYDOMONAS                Discussions about the biology of the green alga
                                Chlamydomonas and related genera
CHROMOSOMES                  Discussions about mapping and sequencing
                                of eucaryote chromosomes
COMPUTATIONAL-BIOLOGY **     Mathematical and computer applications in biology
DROSOPHILA                   Discussions about biological research on
EMBL-DATABANK                Messages to and from the EMBL database staff
EMPLOYMENT                   Job opportunities in biology (see BIOSCI
                               FAQ *before* posting commercial job openings)
GDB                          Messages to and from the Genome Data Bank staff
GENBANK-BB                   Messages to and from the GenBank database staff
GENETIC-LINKAGE              Newsgroup for genetic linkage analysis
HIV-MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY        Discussions about the molecular biology of HIV
HUMAN-GENOME-PROGRAM         NIH-sponsored newsgroup on human genome issues
IMMUNOLOGY                   Discussions about research in immunology
INFO-GCG                     Discussions about the GCG sequence
                               analysis software
JOURNAL-NOTES                Practical advice on dealing with professional
METHODS-AND-REAGENTS         Requests for information and lab reagents
MOLECULAR-EVOLUTION          Discussions about research in molecular evolution
MYCOLOGY                     Discussions about research on filamentous fungi
NEUROSCIENCE                 Discussions about research in the neurosciences
N2-FIXATION                  Discussion about biological nitrogen fixation
PHOTOSYNTHESIS               Discussions about photosynthesis research
PLANT-BIOLOGY                Discussions about research in plant biology
POPULATION-BIOLOGY           Discussions about research in population biology
PROTEIN-ANALYSIS             Discussions about research on proteins and
                                messages for the PIR and SWISS-PROT databank
PROTEIN-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY      Discussion about crystallography of macromolecules
                                and messages for the PDB staff
RAPD                         Discussions about Randomly Amplified Polymorphic
SCIENCE-RESOURCES **         Information from/about scientific funding
TROPICAL-BIOLOGY             Discussions about research in tropical biology
VIROLOGY                     Discussions about research in virology
WOMEN-IN-BIOLOGY             Discussions about issues concerning women
YEAST                        Discussions about the molecular biology
                                and genetics of yeast

** Note that newsgroups flagged with ** are moderated, i.e., postings
are directed to a moderator (editor) who later forwards messages
(possibly edited or condensed) to the newsgroup.

BIOSCI Newsgroup Discussion Leaders

Most scientific specialty newsgroups (except for a few created several
years ago) have individuals who are responsible for stimulating
discussion on the newsgroup.  General purpose forums such as
METHODS-AND-REAGENTS do not have discussion leaders.  If a group that
you are interested in does not seem to have much activity recently,
please contact the discussion leader and ask why.

NEWSGROUP NAME               Discussion Leader and their e-mail address
--------------               ------------------------------------------
ACEDB-SOFT                   Mike Cherry (cherry at genome.stanford.edu)
AGEING                       Sydney Shall (bafa1 at central.sussex.ac.uk)
AGROFORESTRY                 Gerry Lawson (F_GJL at vaxa.nerc-bush.ac.uk)
ARABIDOPSIS                  Chris Somerville (21847CRS at msu.edu)
BIOFORUM                     None
  THEORY-AND-CHOWDER-SOCIETY Tom Schneider (toms at ncifcrf.gov)
BIONAUTS                     Rob Harper (harper at convex.csc.fi)
BIONEWS **                   David Kristofferson (kristoff at net.bio.net)
BIO-JOURNALS **              David Kristofferson (kristoff at net.bio.net)
BIO-MATRIX                   Dan Davison (davison at uh.edu)
BIO-SOFTWARE                 None
BIOTHERMOKINETICS            John Woods (eanv20 at castle.edinburgh.ac.uk)
CELL-BIOLOGY                 Ola Myklebost (ola.myklebost at dnr.uio.no)
CHLAMYDOMONAS                Elizabeth H. Harris (chlamy at acpub.duke.edu) and
                             Antonio R. Franco (bf1rodri at cc.uco.es)
CHROMOSOMES                  Bruce Roe (broe at aardvark.ucs.uoknor.edu) and
                             Greg Lennon (greg at mendel.llnl.gov)
COMPUTATIONAL-BIOLOGY **     Phil J. Curtiss (curtiss at umiacs.umd.edu)
DROSOPHILA                   Michael Ashburner (m.ashburner at gen.cam.ac.uk)
EMBL-DATABANK                None (datalib at embl-heidelberg.de)
EMPLOYMENT                   None
GDB                          Kerryn Brandt (kab at welchgate.welch.jhu.edu)
GENBANK-BB                   Dennis Benson (benson at ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
GENETIC-LINKAGE              Steve Bryant (s_bryant at icrf.ac.uk)
HIV-MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY        Mika Salminen (msalminen at nphi.fi)
HUMAN-GENOME-PROGRAM         Jane Peterson (jp2 at cu.nih.gov)
IMMUNOLOGY                   Donald Forsdyke (forsdyke at qucdn.queensu.ca)
INFO-GCG                     John Cargill (ontogen at nic.cerf.net)
JOURNAL-NOTES                Donald Forsdyke (forsdyke at qucdn.queensu.ca)
MOLECULAR-EVOLUTION          Dan Davison (davison at uh.edu)
MYCOLOGY                     Tom Adams (tom at bio.tamu.edu)
                             Leland Ellis (leland at straylight.tamu.edu)
                             Greg May (gsmay at bcm.tmc.edu)
NEUROSCIENCE                 Vincent A Mazzarella (vamg6792 at uxa.cso.uiuc.edu)
N2-FIXATION                  Eng-Leong Foo
                             (eng-leong_foo_mircen-ki%micforum at mica.mic.ki.se) 
PHOTOSYNTHESIS               Johnathan Marder (marder at agri.huji.ac.il)
PLANT-BIOLOGY                Tony Travis (ajt at rri.sari.ac.uk)
PROTEIN-ANALYSIS             Amos Bairoch (bairoch at cmu.unige.ch) and
                             John Garavelli (garavelli at nbrf.georgetown.edu)
PROTEIN-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY      Morten Kjeldgaard (morten at oase.kemi.aau.dk)
RAPD                         James Farmer (farmerj at yvax.byu.edu)
SCIENCE-RESOURCES **         David Kristofferson (kristoff at net.bio.net)
TROPICAL-BIOLOGY             Matti Nummelin (saarikko at cc.helsinki.fi)
VIROLOGY                     Robert Coelen (robert at arbo.microbiol.uwa.oz.au)
WOMEN-IN-BIOLOGY             Cassandra Smith (cls at buenga.bu.edu)
YEAST                        Francis Ouellette (francis at ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)

** Note that newsgroups flagged with ** are moderated.

Participating in BIOSCI Using USENET News Software
Users who have access to USENET news software and the bionet USENET
groups can participate immediately, i.e., they do not need to
"subscribe" to anything.  They can read and reply to messages using
their local news software (e.g., "nn" or "rn") and post new messages
of their own.

Users will have to consult their local systems managers for help in
using news software.  There are many different programs available and
the BIOSCI staff can not provide training in news software use.
Fortunately, most news software is fairly simple to use and can be
learned quickly.

When posting new messages, USENET users should be sure to set the
message "distribution" to "world" or "bionet" or else your message may
not be distributed beyond your local computer.  In most cases,
messages are posted directly to the newsgroups without editorial
intervention.  Some groups (indicated in the lists above) are
"moderated," however.  This means that postings to these newsgroups
will be sent to the newsgroup moderator who will decide whether or not
the message is suitable for posting to the newsgroup in question.

Participating in BIOSCI by E-mail
E-MAIL SUBSCRIPTION!!  Simply read and post to the newsgroups in the
"bionet" newsgroup hierarchy using your USENET news software.

E-mail Subscription Requests and other Information
For users in the Americas and Pacific Rim countries, e-mail
subscription and cancellation requests are handled automatically by an
e-mail server, although personal assistance is also available via the
biosci-help at net.bio.net address.  Once your e-mail address is added to a
subscription list, mail will be sent to your address automatically
each time someone posts a message.  This will continue until you
remove your address from the subscription list.

You should first send the


command to the address

biosci-server at net.bio.net

to obtain a listing of all current BIOSCI mailing lists.  Leave your
message Subject: line *blank* in any message that is sent to the
server and include all commands only in the body of your mail message.

Please BE SURE to substitute the appropriate mailing list name
obtained FROM THE "lists" COMMAND OUTPUT for "listname" in the
subscribe or unsubscribe commands shown below.  Some list names used
by the server are abbreviated compared to their full spelling in the
BIOSCI information sheet.

After obtaining the names of the mailing lists using the "lists"
command, use the

subscribe listname


unsubscribe listname

commands to add or delete your address from the mailing lists.  Please
substitute "listname" above with the appropriate name of the list that
you want to join/cancel.

Your e-mail address is obtained AUTOMATICALLY from the header of your
mail message and should NOT be included on the subscribe/unsubscribe
command line unless you need to sign up at a different address than
the one you are currently using.  Such requests must be handled
manually by us and create extra work.  (Also you would be surprised at
how many people list their e-mail addresses *incorrectly*, so please
let our server obtain this information from your mail header instead
of providing it yourself!).

Multiple commands may be placed on separate lines in the same mail
message, i.e., you can include all of your subscribe and/or
unsubscribe requests in one mail message as long as each is on a
separate line.  If you put multiple commands in your mail message,
please put an


command as the last in your list of commands.  This helps avoid
sending to the server any signatures that might be automatically
included in your mail messages.

Other command details are included in the mail server help file from
biosci-server at net.bio.net.  To get the server help file
(in computerese 8-), send in the


command to the server address.

E-mail Address Changes
If you have subscribed to a newsgroup and are now leaving an
institution or changing your e-mail address, it is IMPERATIVE that you
cancel your subscription!  Non-existent addresses or overflowing
mailboxes cause computer mail programs to send back "daemon" messages
which might bother everybody on the newsgroup.  We will immediately
remove any address causing such a problem, but would prefer it if you
would notify us in advance as a courtesy to the rest of the user

Interruption of E-mail Service
It is our policy to remove any address from our mailing lists which
becomes inaccessible and causes mail to bounce back to the sender.
This might happen to you if your local computer or network fails for a
significant period of time.  If you notice that you are no longer
receiving BIOSCI postings, it may be because your address was removed
for the above reason.  It will be necessary for you to contact
biosci-help at net.bio.net and resubscribe.  Please see the BIOSCI FAQ,
mentioned at the beginning of this document, for more details on how
BIOSCI handles addresses which reject mail.

Posting Messages to Newsgroups by E-mail
Those who use e-mail to post messages should send their mail to the
following Internet addresses in the USA:


                      biosci-server at net.bio.net

for subscription or cancellation requests as explained above.  Your
posting could go to several thousand people.  Supposing that each
person spends a couple of seconds to figure out that you did this,
before they go on to the next message.  You will have wasted the
equivalent of several hours of one person's time, not to mention
wasted computer time and disk storage.

MAILING LIST NAME           Mailing Address 
-----------------           ----------------      
ACEDB-SOFT                  acedb at net.bio.net
AGEING                      ageing at net.bio.net
AGROFORESTRY                ag-forst at net.bio.net
ARABIDOPSIS                 arab-gen at net.bio.net
BIOFORUM                    bioforum at net.bio.net
BIO-INFORMATION-THEORY +    bio-info at net.bio.net
BIONAUTS                    bio-naut at net.bio.net
BIONEWS **                  bionews at net.bio.net 
BIO-JOURNALS **             bio-jrnl at net.bio.net
BIO-MATRIX                  biomatrx at net.bio.net
BIO-SOFTWARE                bio-soft at net.bio.net
BIOTHERMOKINETICS           btk-mca at net.bio.net
CELL-BIOLOGY                cellbiol at net.bio.net
CHLAMYDOMONAS               chlamy at net.bio.net
CHROMOSOMES                 biochrom at net.bio.net
COMPUTATIONAL-BIOLOGY **    comp-bio at net.bio.net
DROSOPHILA                  dros at net.bio.net
EMBL-DATABANK               embl-db at net.bio.net 
EMPLOYMENT                  biojobs at net.bio.net 
GDB                         gdb at net.bio.net
GENBANK-BB                  genbankb at net.bio.net
GENETIC-LINKAGE             gen-link at net.bio.net
HIV-MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY       hiv-biol at net.bio.net
HUMAN-GENOME-PROGRAM        gnome-pr at net.bio.net
IMMUNOLOGY                  immuno at net.bio.net
INFO-GCG                    info-gcg at net.bio.net
JOURNAL-NOTES               jrnlnote at net.bio.net
METHODS-AND-REAGENTS        methods at net.bio.net 
MOLECULAR-EVOLUTION         mol-evol at net.bio.net
MYCOLOGY                    mycology at net.bio.net
NEUROSCIENCE                neur-sci at net.bio.net
N2-FIXATION                 n2fix at net.bio.net
PHOTOSYNTHESIS              photosyn at net.bio.net
PLANT-BIOLOGY               plantbio at net.bio.net
POPULATION-BIOLOGY          pop-bio at net.bio.net 
PROTEIN-ANALYSIS            proteins at net.bio.net
PROTEIN-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY     xtal-log at net.bio.net
RAPD                        rapd at net.bio.net
SCIENCE-RESOURCES **        sci-res at net.bio.net
TROPICAL-BIOLOGY            trop-bio at net.bio.net
VIROLOGY                    virology at net.bio.net
WOMEN-IN-BIOLOGY            womenbio at net.bio.net
YEAST                       yeast at net.bio.net


** Note that newsgroups flagged with ** are moderated, i.e., postings
are directed to a moderator (editor) who later forwards messages
(possibly edited or condensed) to the newsgroup.

Retrieval of old postings from the BIOSCI archives
Users with Internet access can use either the WAIS or gopher software
to search the BIOSCI archives located at net.bio.net as described in
the BIOSCI FAQ.  E-mail users can retrieve messages from our waismail
e-mail server.  For waismail instructions, send the word


in a message to waismail at net.bio.net.  Please leave the Subject: line
of your message blank.

BIOSCI "prototype" newsgroups
To assist areas of research in developing their own electronic
communication forums, BIOSCI at net.bio.net will set up, on request, a
mailing list *without* an associated USENET newsgroup.  The mailing
list is created only at net.bio.net, the U.S. BIOSCI node, and all
subscription requests must be sent to the e-mail server at
biosci-server at net.bio.net regardless of one's geographical location.
There is no charge for this or any other BIOSCI service, as usual.

This procedure waives the rule that requires each new newsgroup
proposal to be put to a vote of the readership first (see the BIOSCI
FAQ, mentioned at the beginning of this document, for details on
creating new full-fledged newsgroups and prototype newsgroups).  Each
mailing list ("prototype newsgroup") must have a scientist volunteer
to serve as its discussion leader and an initial list of e-mail
subscribers.  The prototype newsgroup has six months to build up its
readership after which time it is put out for a vote for full
newsgroup status (i.e., to have both a mailing list *and* parallel
USENET newsgroup created at both BIOSCI nodes in the U.S. and U.K.).
If you are interested in establishing such a forum for your research
specialty, please contact biosci-help at net.bio.net.

The current prototype newsgroups are listed below.  Please send
subscription requests to biosci-server at net.bio.net and NOT to the
newsgroup posting addresses.  Prototype newsgroups may *not* be fully
archived, so please be sure to save any messages that you may want to
refer to again.

Posting Address         Purpose
---------------         -------
biocan at net.bio.net      An unmoderated forum established by the
                          Canadian Federation of Biological Societies
                          (CFBS) to serve as a multidisciplinary forum
                          for the exchange of information within the
                          Canadian biological and biomedical science
biogopher at net.bio.net   A communication forum for all Bio-Gopher
emf-bio at net.bio.net     Discussions on the electromagnetic field
                          interactions with biological systems.
grasses at net.bio.net     Scientific discussions/questions regarding
                          grasses, especially cereal, forage, and turf
nmr-str at net.bio.net     A forum for all those interested in studying
                          three dimensional structure of
                          macromolecules using Nuclear Magnetic
                          Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR).  
pep-libs at net.bio.net    Discussion on generation and use of peptide
                          molecular repertoires displayed on phage or
                          prepared as synthetic peptide combinatorial
rna at net.bio.net         Discussions about RNA editing, RNA splicing,
                          and ribozyme activities of RNA.
staden-users at net.bio.net Discussions about the Staden Package for
                          molecular sequence analysis.
urodeles at net.bio.net    Discussions among research scientists
                          using urodele amphibians (axolotls,
                          salamanders, and newts) in any biological
yac at net.bio.net         Dicussions about yeast artificial chromosomes

FURTHER QUESTIONS???  Please address them to biosci-help at net.bio.net.


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