Brain Sex Differences: PSYC Call for Commentators

Stevan Harnad harnad at ecs.soton.ac.uk
Mon Jun 26 20:21:29 EST 1995


PSYCOLOQUY Commentary is invited on:

     Fitch & Denenberg on SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE BRAIN

Qualified professional biobehavioral, neural or cognitive scientists
are hereby invited to submit Open Peer Commentary on the target article
whose abstract appears below. It has been published in PSYCOLOQUY,
a refereed electronic journal sponsored by the American Psychological
Association.

Instructions for retrieval and for preparing commentaries follow the
abstract. The address for submitting commentaries and articles and for
requesting information is psyc at pucc.princteton.edu

The URLs for retrieving articles are:
    http://www.princeton.edu/~harnad/psyc.html
    gopher://gopher.princeton.edu:70/11/.libraries/.pujournals
    ftp://ftp.princeton.edu/pub/harnad/Psycoloquy/1995.volume.6
    news:sci.psychology.journals.psycoloquy

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psycoloquy.95.6.05.sex-brain.1.fitch
ISSN 1055-0143               (56 paragraphs, 93 references, 1159 lines)
PSYCOLOQUY is sponsored by the American Psychological Association (APA)
                Copyright 1995 Fitch and Denenberg

                A ROLE FOR OVARIAN HORMONES IN SEXUAL
                DIFFERENTIATION OF THE BRAIN

                Roslyn Holly Fitch
                Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience
                Rutgers University
                197 University Ave.
                Newark, NJ  07102
                Email: holly at axon.rutgers.edu

                Victor H. Denenberg
                Biobehavioral Sciences Graduate Degree Program
                University of Connecticut
                Storrs, CT  06269-4154
                Email: dberg at uconnvm.uconn.edu

    ABSTRACT: The role of endogenous hormones in differentiating the
    sexes is an area of continuing research. The bulk of findings in
    this field support the notion that mammalian sexual differentiation
    is primarily mediated by androgens of testicular origin and that
    the presence of these androgens in early life produces a "male"
    brain. In contrast, the female brain is thought to develop via a
    hormonal default mechanism, in the absence of androgen. Findings
    are reviewed which show that ovarian hormones also play a
    significant role in sexual differentiation, and that the process of
    ovarian feminization has a considerably later sensitive period than
    androgen-mediated masculinization.

    KEYWORDS: corpus callosum, development, estrogen, feminization,
    ovaries, sensitive period.

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These files are also on the World Wide Web and the easiest way to
retrieve them is with Netscape, Mosaic, gopher, archie, veronica, etc.
Here are some of the URLs you can use to get to the BBS Archive:

http://www.princeton.edu/~harnad/psyc.html
http://cogsci.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/psyc.html
gopher://gopher.princeton.edu:70/11/.libraries/.pujournals
ftp://ftp.princeton.edu/pub/harnad/Psycoloquy/1995.volume.6/
ftp://cogsci.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pub/harnad/Psycoloquy/1995.volume.6/
news:sci.psychology.journals.psycoloquy

To retrieve a file by ftp from an Internet site, type either:
ftp ftp.princeton.edu
   or
ftp 128.112.128.1
   When you are asked for your login, type:
anonymous
   Enter password as queried (your password is your actual userid:
   yourlogin at yourhost.whatever.whatever - be sure to include the "@")
cd /pub/harnad/Psycoloquy/1995.volume.6
   To show the available files, type:
ls
   Next, retrieve the file you want with (for example):
mget *.1.fitch
   When you have the file(s) you want, type:
quit

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Where the above procedure is not available there are two fileservers:
ftpmail at decwrl.dec.com
       and
bitftp at pucc.bitnet
that will do the transfer for you. To one or the
other of them, send the following one line message:

help

for instructions (which will be similar to the above, but will be in
the form of a series of lines in an email message that ftpmail or
bitftp will then execute for you).

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           INSTRUCTIONS FOR PSYCOLOQUY COMMENTATORS

Accepted PSYCOLOQUY target articles have been judged by 5-8 referees to
be appropriate for Open Peer Commentary, the special service provided
by PSYCOLOQUY to investigators in psychology, neuroscience, behavioral
biology, cognitive sciences and philosophy who wish to solicit multiple
responses from an international group of fellow specialists within and
across these disciplines to a particularly significant and
controversial piece of work.

If you feel that you can contribute substantive criticism,
interpretation, elaboration or pertinent complementary or supplementary
material on a PSYCOLOQUY target article, you are invited to submit a
formal electronic commentary. Please note that although commentaries
are solicited and most will appear, acceptance cannot, of course, be
guaranteed.

1.  Before preparing your commentary, please read carefully 
    the Instructions for Authors and Commentators and examine
    recent numbers of PSYCOLOQUY.

2.  Commentaries should be limited to 200 lines (1800 words, references
    included). PSYCOLOQUY reserves the right to edit commentaries for
    relevance and style. In the interest of speed, commentators will
    only be sent the edited draft for review when there have been major
    editorial changes. Where judged necessary by the Editor,
    commentaries will be formally refereed.

3.  Please provide a title for your commentary.  As many 
    commentators will address the same general topic, your
    title should be a distinctive one that reflects the gist
    of your specific contribution and is suitable for the
    kind of keyword indexing used in modern bibliographic 
    retrieval systems. Each commentary should have a brief
    (~50-60 word) abstract

4.  All paragraphs should be numbered consecutively. Line length
    should not exceed 72 characters.  The commentary should begin with
    the title, your name and full institutional address (including zip
    code) and email address.  References must be prepared in accordance
    with the examples given in the Instructions.  Please read the
    sections of the Instruction for Authors concerning style,
    preparation and editing.

PSYCOLOQUY is a refereed electronic journal (ISSN 1055-0143) sponsored
on an experimental basis by the American Psychological Association
and currently estimated to reach a readership of 40,000. PSYCOLOQUY
publishes brief reports of new ideas and findings on which the author
wishes to solicit rapid peer feedback, international and
interdisciplinary ("Scholarly Skywriting"), in all areas of psychology
and its related fields (biobehavioral science, cognitive science,
neuroscience, social science, etc.). All contributions are refereed.

Target article length should normally not exceed 500 lines [c. 4500 words].
Commentaries and responses should not exceed 200 lines [c. 1800 words].

All target articles, commentaries and responses must have (1) a short
abstract (up to 100 words for target articles, shorter for commentaries
and responses), (2) an indexable title, (3) the authors' full name(s)
and institutional address(es).

In addition, for target articles only: (4) 6-8 indexable keywords,
(5) a separate statement of the authors' rationale for soliciting
commentary (e.g., why would commentary be useful and of interest to the
field? what kind of commentary do you expect to elicit?) and
(6) a list of potential commentators (with their email addresses).

All paragraphs should be numbered in articles, commentaries and
responses (see format of already published articles in the PSYCOLOQUY
archive; line length should be < 80 characters, no hyphenation).

It is strongly recommended that all figures be designed so as to be
screen-readable ascii. If this is not possible, the provisional
solution is the less desirable hybrid one of submitting them as
postscript files (or in some other universally available format) to be
printed out locally by readers to supplement the screen-readable text
of the article.

PSYCOLOQUY also publishes multiple reviews of books in any of the above
fields; these should normally be the same length as commentaries, but
longer reviews will be considered as well. Book authors should submit a
500-line self-contained Precis of their book, in the format of a target
article; if accepted, this will be published in PSYCOLOQUY together
with a formal Call for Reviews (of the book, not the Precis). The
author's publisher must agree in advance to furnish review copies to the
reviewers selected.

Authors of accepted manuscripts assign to PSYCOLOQUY the right to
publish and distribute their text electronically and to archive and
make it permanently retrievable electronically, but they retain the
copyright, and after it has appeared in PSYCOLOQUY authors may
republish their text in any way they wish -- electronic or print -- as
long as they clearly acknowledge PSYCOLOQUY as its original locus of
publication. However, except in very special cases, agreed upon in
advance, contributions that have already been published or are being
considered for publication elsewhere are not eligible to be considered
for publication in PSYCOLOQUY,

Please submit all material to psyc at pucc.bitnet or psyc at pucc.princeton.edu
Anonymous ftp archive is DIRECTORY pub/harnad/Psycoloquy HOST princeton.edu

-- 
Stevan Harnad
Director, Cognitive Sciences Centre
Professor, Psychology Department
Southampton University
Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ



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