Regarding ts mutations

Mark R. Lackner lackner at CMGM.STANFORD.EDU
Fri Dec 13 14:24:28 EST 1996

Dear Erik,

	In the course of studying the C. elegans MAP kinase mpk-1, I have
characterized two ts mutations. Neither of them appear to conform to the
general rules. In the first case the same lesion was found in two
independent alleles, mpk-1(ga110) and mpk-1(oz140). The mutation is
predicted to cause a trp to amber stop substitution that would lop off
the last 25 amino acids of a 376 amino acid protein. The ts phenotype is
fairly subtle. All worms are sterile at all temperatures.  However, at
20 degrees worms exhibit only a weak vulval phenotype (partial
underinduction of P6.p in ~60% of worms), whereas at 25 degrees a severe
vulval phenotype is seen (~80% of worms are completely vulvaless). These
alleles are smg-1 suppressible, so it's also possible that the ts nature
of the alleles reflects on some temperature sensitivity of the smg
system. Is smg suppression a temperature dependent process? 

	The second case, mpk-1(ga111), is a bit more dramatic. At 20 degrees
worms homozygous for this allele appear basically wild type, while at 25
degrees 100% of them are sterile. The mutation is predicted to cause a
valine to glycine substitution near the predicted substrate binding
site. The residue is conserved in all MAP kinases and is embedded in the
sequence SANVLHRD.


Mark Lackner

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