Scientists Grow Heart Cells from Embryonic Stem Cells

Rcjohnsen rcjohnsen at aol.com
Sat Aug 18 19:32:16 EST 2001


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MEDICINE 
Scientists Grow Heart Cells from Embryonic Stem Cells
 
http://www.sciam.com/news/080101/1.html
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While the debate over the use of human embryonic stem cells for research
purposes rages on in the U.S., researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of
Technology announced that they have successfully turned these famously
versatile cells into the precursors of heart cells. Their results appear in the
August issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation. 
The scientists started with a line of embryonic stem cells and first grew a
mass of undifferentiated cells. They then moved the cells into a suspension
containing growth factors designed to encourage differentiated growth. While
dividing, the stem cells consolidated into so-called embryoid bodies, or
microscopic clumps of cells. The researchers noticed that approximately 10
percent of these bodies contained cells that were spontaneously contracting—a
signature of cells called cardiomyocytes that develop into heart tissue in an
embryo. 
To test whether what they had created were in fact cardiomyocytes, the
researchers ran a variety of tests. They analyzed the electrical and chemical
activities of the cells, examined their structure with an electron microscope,
investigated their responses to hormones such as adrenaline, and probed the
genes and proteins within the cells. Comparing the results to known
cardiomyocytes suggested that they had successfully cultured the cells. 
Although co-author Lior Gepstein suggests it is likely these cells would
produce mature human heart muscle cells once placed in an adult human heart,
clinical applications are still a long way off. Because several million cells
are needed to carry out heart repair, the research team's next goal is to
produce pure cultures containing only cardiomyocytes.—Sarah Graham 
RELATED LINKS: 
Scientists Find 'Wild Card' Stem Cells in Bone Marrow 
Save Embryonic Stem Cell Research 
Stem Cells Come of Age 
Mother Nature's Menders 
Culturing New Life 

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