smb18 at mbfs.bio.cam.ac.uk
Fri Sep 10 09:37:47 EST 1993
In article <1993Sep8.161211.6420 at infodev.cam.ac.uk>, smb18 at mbfs.bio.cam.ac.uk (Simon Brocklehurst) writes:
|> I thought I might try to initiate a discussion on the net on the
|> topic of Sequence/Structure Comparisons that have been flooding the
|> literature over recent months and years. The question that I would
|> like to ask is,
|> "How much better is a Sequence/Structure Comparison
|> than looking at multiple sequence alignments for
|> prediction of protein structure?"
Barbara Moore writes:
>"(1) How much better is a sequence/structure comparison than aligning
>(possibly multiple) sequences to a known-structure sequence?
>The claim of the sequence/structure matchers is that they can catch
>structural similarities between proteins whose sequences are very
>different, and therefore a sequence alignment approach wouldn't work.
>Most groups tend to give as examples one or a few such matches.
>Examples: Bowie/Luthy/Eisenberg find such matches between CRP
>and the cAMP-dependent protein kinase family, and between actin and
>HSC70. Jones/Taylor/Thornton find C-phycocyanin like globins.
OK, can I clarify my question. How much better is a sequence/structure
comparison than doing the following:
1) Take the sequence of the unknown
2) Align all other sequences that can be detected
as being homologous
3) Do a "state-of-the-art" secondary structure prediction
e.g. the Sander "PHD" approach
4) See what folds are known that could fit the predicted
A simple (but not very good!) example should illustrate this:
Say we do a 2ndry structure prediction that gives
four helices. If we look look all known structures
and find that the only time four helices occur is
in a 4-helix bundle then we can guess at the fold.
>Also the sequence/structure matching approach has the potential of
>matching a sequence to an as-yet-unseen structure which has been
>postulated, perhaps by combining pieces of super-secondary structure.
>(Temple Smith's group, for example, discussed this possibility in a
>poster at Waterville Valley.) This is relevant because there are
>estimates that we've seen a sizable chunk but not all of the possible
This could also be done with the multiple alignment/2ndry structure
Simon M. Brocklehurst
Cambridge Centre for Molecular Recognition
Department of Biochemistry
University of Cambridge
Tennis Court Road
E-mail : smb18 at mbfs.bio.cam.ac.uk
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