Recognition of self vs non-self by macrophages?
Ian A. York
york at mbcrr.dfci.harvard.edu
Mon Nov 7 13:07:41 EST 1994
In article <9411071626.AA06916 at xtal220.harvard.edu> collins%xtal220 at HARVARD.HARVARD.EDU writes:
> I believe that B7 would not be upregulated when self-
>peptide is present in the MHC, because there would be no primary signal. This
>would be regardless of the presenting cell type, macrophages or whatever.
>There would be no recognition by a TCR of a MHC/self-peptide because that
>population of T cells that would recognize the self-peptide has been
>anergized or deleted from the repetoire during development in the thymus.
>I think your question has two phases, 1. How do macrophages recognize mutated
>or foreign material? and 2. How is the signal propogated to the humoral
>response system? The first question, I can't answer. The second would be
>through the normal signal pathways through MHC antigens. I don't believe
>anyone has shown that self-peptides are recognized by TCR but then the
>differentiation of self vs non-self takes place at the level of second
I'm not sure what you are trying to say here. What do you mean by a
"primary signal"? As far as I know, the presence or absence of a peptide
in the MHC (self or foreign) has nothing to do with the upregulation of
B7. The upregulation occurs becase of the association between MHC and
TcR - presmably, but not necessarily, becase of cross-linking of the
MHC. Now becase the TcR usally recognize only MHC with peptide - and
particularly MHC with foreign peptide - it _looks_ as if foreign peptide
is necessary to upregulate B7; but in principle empty MHC could do it as
well, if the empty MHC would interact with TcR. I believe a similar
experiment has been done, using superantigen to trigger the interaction
Your comment about the non-recognition of self-peptide is to the
point, although of course there can be some self-reactive TcR's sneaking
through (and if these are not anergized they can reslt in atoimmune
You say "How do macrophages recognize mutated or foreign material?"
and the answer is they don't . . . I keep saying this, but it bears
repeating. You also say "How is the signal propogated to the humoral
response system?" - I'm not sure how this applies to the original question.
A nmber of groups have shown that self-peptide can be recognized
by the TcR. Here are some references you may find interesting:
Immunogenicity and tolerogenicity of self-major histocompatibility
Benichou G et al.
Journal of Experimental Medicine. 172(5):1341-6, 1990
Limit of T cell tolerance to self proteins by peptide presentation.
Schild H. Rotzschke O. Kalbacher H. Rammensee HG.
Science. 247(4950):1587-9, 1990
Peptide recognition, T cell receptor usage and HLA restriction
elements of human heat-shock protein (hsp) 60 and mycobacterial 65-kDa
hsp-reactive T cell clones from rheumatoid synovial fluid.
Quayle AJ et al
European Journal of Immunology. 22(5):1315-22, 1992
MHC class II molecules bind indiscriminately self and non-self peptide
homologs: effect on the immunogenicity of non-self peptides.
Sette A et al
International Immunology. 5(6):631-8, 1993
For an interesting hypothesis (with which I do not entirely agree, but
hey, what do I know anyway) see -
How cytotoxic T cells manage to discriminate nonself from self at the
PNAS 89(10):4643-7, 1992
Ian York (york at mbcrr.harvard.edu)
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney St., Boston MA 02115
Phone (617)-632-4328 Fax (617)-632-2627
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