New Immune Theory

Ian A. York york at
Wed Apr 12 09:13:58 EST 1995

In article <3mgm2n$n33 at> mrc7 at (Dr M.R. Clark) writes:

>One of the big problems with vaccine development is in fact the difficulty
>in getting an immune response to the chosen antigens. In experimental
>systems in animals it is commonplace to generate immune responses by using
>adjuvants etc. These are likely to cause damage and attract the innate
>immune system and hence get the ball rolling. In general immune responses

Right, which is why I brought up the point of the DNA vaccine efforts.  
You will recall that a CTL response has been induced to DNA in liposomes, 
injected intravenously, with promoters specific for distal tissues 
(sorry, I don't have the reference handy and my Medline link is down; the 
paper was in Science or Nature about a year or so ago, and was a few 
months after the Ulmer paper in Science that showed that injected DNA 
could induce a CTL response.)  It's very difficult to believe that this 
situation is inducing appreciable tissue damage - or if it is, then the 
concept of "tissue damage" has to be extended to include normal wear and 
tear and so is meaningless.  
Ian York   (york at
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney St., Boston MA 02115
Phone (617)-632-3921     Fax  (617)-632-2627

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