which cytokines as adjuvants?

Peter Ashton pda2 at york.ac.uk
Fri Apr 24 14:06:00 EST 1998


IL-4 is a good idea, but if GM-CSF results in more activated macrophages you
will get more IFN-gamma produced and a tendency to switch to Th1. A better
idea might well be to use IL-10 since this should stimulate Th2 cytokine
production and at the same time supress production of gamma. IL-12 is a bad
idea since this again will lead to more IFN-gamma production by activating
macrophages and NK cells. IL-5 might be the other possibility, but if it
were my experiment I would try IL-10 first.


Thomas Schnibbe wrote in message
<353CC9E3.2DE91FE0 at mpimg-berlin-dahlem.mpg.de>...
>Dear colleagues,
>imagine you want to administer a synthetic vaccine construct to Balb/c
>mice. The construct shall confer protective immunity against a bacterial
>pathogen (the bac is not an intracellular pathogen).
>You now want to add cytokines as adjuvants.
>My questions: Which cytokines would you use? What is the state of the
>art in the confusing field of cytokine interaction/networking for this
>Any references/citations for _this_ question? (I got all the _basic_
>cytokine papers I would guess....)
>My thoughts are to favor a Th2 response and to use IL-4 and GM-CSF. I
>also wonder whether IL-12 would fit to this set.
>Thank you very much in advance,
>Thomas Schnibbe

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