jmone at MARAUDER.MILLERSV.EDU
Mon Feb 23 10:35:21 EST 1998
The normal flora is begins to be established at the time of birth.
The first intestinal bacteria to be established is usually
lactobacilli acquired from the vaginal tract of the mother. Other
bacteria are acquired by direct contact with the mother (such as
through breast feeding), and by foods and fomites. Of course, these
bacteria provide little protection from pathogens for several months.
The more important mechanism of protection of the neonate and infant
is from maternal antibodies acquired in utero.
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