Guide for the Perplexed: Re: UK Select Committee Inquiry

Stevan Harnad harnad at ecs.soton.ac.uk
Tue Nov 9 06:38:12 EST 2004


On Tue, 9 Nov 2004, Julian Newman wrote:

> V useful stuff!  But here's a thought: OK, 92% of *Journals* have given
> green light to self-archiving - but what about *conferences* and
> *workshops*?  Given the propensity of many in Computing to regard
> refereed conferences as their main publication medium, it seems even
> more important that conference papers should be covered by the
> self-archiving policy.  
> 
> It would be a mammoth task to cover every possible conference, but given
> that a very high proportion of Computing conference proceedings are
> published by ACM / Elsevier / IEEE / Kluwer-Springer, it might be
> possible to get statements of policy wrt conference/workshop papers from
> those four.

Peer-reviewed conference proceedings (and even unrefereed ones) are of course
naturals for Open Access (OA) (and some already are OA). Computer scientists are
especially good about self-archiving their papers (which are mostly conference
papers), but usually just on their own websites, not in OAI-compliant archives.
http://www.openarchives.org/Register/BrowseSites

This is remedied in part by Citeseer http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/cs which
harvests all those computer science papers self-archived on arbitrary
websites and makes them jointly searchable. With over 750,000 papers,
Citeseer is in fact the second-biggest ("virtual") OA Archive in the world. 

RepEc http://repec.org/ a harvested and federated virtual archive of
economics papers is the biggest of all, with 140,000 pre-refereeing
preprints and 144,000 refereed postprints.  The biggest non-virtual
central archive is, I believe, the Physics ArXiv http://arxiv.org
with over 300,000 papers.

But I think the OA way of the future is neither central harvesting of
of papers self-archived on arbitrary websites, nor self-archiving
in OAI central OAI Archives, but self-archiving in distributed
institutional OAI Archives http://archives.eprints.org/eprints.php?action=browse
which are then harvested by OAI harvesters like OAIster
http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu/o/oaister/ and Citebase
http://citebase.eprints.org/

What all of these are in turn waiting for is the implementation of the
mandatory self-archiving policies that have lately been recommended in
the UK, US and elsewhere:

    http://software.eprints.org/handbook/departments.php
    http://www.eprints.org/signup/sign.php

The Romeo listing of green publishers and journals does include
some conference proceedings too, but not many.

    http://romeo.eprints.org/

Stevan Harnad

AMERICAN SCIENTIST OPEN ACCESS FORUM:
A complete Hypermail archive of the ongoing discussion of providing
open access to the peer-reviewed research literature online (1998-2004)
is available at:
    http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Hypermail/Amsci/index.html
        To join or leave the Forum or change your subscription address:
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        Post discussion to:
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UNIVERSITIES: If you have adopted or plan to adopt an institutional
policy of providing Open Access to your own research article output,
please describe your policy at:
        http://www.eprints.org/signup/sign.php

UNIFIED DUAL OPEN-ACCESS-PROVISION POLICY:
    BOAI-2 ("gold"): Publish your article in a suitable open-access
            journal whenever one exists.
            http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm#journals
    BOAI-1 ("green"): Otherwise, publish your article in a suitable
            toll-access journal and also self-archive it.
            http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/
    http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml



> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Council of Professors and Heads of Computing in UK 
> > universities [mailto:cphc-members at JISCMAIL.AC.UK] On Behalf 
> > Of Stevan Harnad
> > Sent: Monday, November 08, 2004 05:10
> > To: cphc-members at JISCMAIL.AC.UK
> > Subject: Re: Guide for the Perplexed: Re: UK Select Committee Inquiry
> > 
> > 
> > On Mon, 8 Nov 2004, Ralph Martin wrote:
> > 
> > > Stevan
> > >
> > > Thanks for your excellent summary.
> > >
> > > On 8 Nov 2004, at 3:37 pm, Stevan Harnad wrote:
> > >
> > > > (3) The Committee's formal report in 2004 accordingly only 
> > > > recommended one mandatory step and that was that all UK funded 
> > > > researchers should be required by their funders to 
> > self-archive all 
> > > > their published journal articles on their own institution's 
> > > > websites, thereby making them free for all users, worldwide.
> > >
> > > Can you summarise, for those of us who are short of time to 
> > read all 
> > > the lengthy reports, how this was supposed to be squared up 
> > with the 
> > > current arrangement which usually requires authors to sign 
> > a copyright 
> > > transfer form, and that some (but not all publishers) do not allow 
> > > republishing on the authors' own website (or his employers)?
> > >
> > > And what about work that is done outside a specifically 
> > funded grant?
> > 
> > Ninety-two percent of journals have already given their green 
> > light to all their authors to self-archive. Of the remaining 
> > 8%, many will likewise agree if asked, and all will have to 
> > agree if the author's research-funder and/or employer mandates it.
> > 
>     http://romeo.eprints.org/stats.php
> 
> That means 92% of unfunded research too, is already covered, and can
> already be self-archived. The remaining 8% of unfunded research can
> either go ahead and self-archive too (I recommend the Dutch "post and
> tell" strategy, below), or wait until the worldwide groundswell from the
> mandated and spontaneous OA growth reaches them too.
> 
> http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2004_04_04_fosblogarchive.html#a10812
> 6147329143935
> 
> Stevan Harnad
> 
> AMERICAN SCIENTIST OPEN ACCESS FORUM:
> A complete Hypermail archive of the ongoing discussion of providing open
> access to the peer-reviewed research literature online (1998-2004) is
> available at:
>     http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Hypermail/Amsci/index.html
>         To join or leave the Forum or change your subscription address:
> http://amsci-forum.amsci.org/archives/American-Scientist-Open-Access-For
> um.html
>         Post discussion to:
>     american-scientist-open-access-forum at amsci.org
> 
> UNIVERSITIES: If you have adopted or plan to adopt an institutional
> policy of providing Open Access to your own research article output,
> please describe your policy at:
>         http://www.eprints.org/signup/sign.php
> 
> UNIFIED DUAL OPEN-ACCESS-PROVISION POLICY:
>     BOAI-2 ("gold"): Publish your article in a suitable open-access
>             journal whenever one exists.
>             http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm#journals
>     BOAI-1 ("green"): Otherwise, publish your article in a suitable
>             toll-access journal and also self-archive it.
>             http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/
>     http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml
> 





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