IRC advice

Martin Leach leach at mbcrr.harvard.edu
Wed Nov 3 12:35:28 EST 1993


Thought I would post this for anyone interested in IRC (down-loaded this
from BU)

This file contains some items grabbed from various sources that may
give new users of IRC some advice.

Contents:
 - Frequently Asked Questions (from alt.irc), by Helen Trillian Rose
 - How to Behave on IRC (from IRCII), by Lea Viljanen and Ari Husa
 - Users Behaviour on the Internet Relay Chat system (from IRCII), by Ove
Ruben R Olsen
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** Frequently Asked Questions, by Helen Trillian Rose <hrose at eff.org>
Archive-name: irc-faq
Last-modified: 1993/03/09
Version: 1.03

(1) What is IRC? 

	IRC stands for "Internet Relay Chat". It was written by Jarkko
Oikarinen (jto at tolsun.oulu.fi) in 1988. Since starting in Finland, it
has been used in some 20+ countries spanning the globe.  It was designed
as a replacement for the "talk" program but has become much much more
than that. IRC is a multi-user chat system, where people convene on
"channels" (a virtual place, usually with a topic of conversation) to
talk in groups, or privately. 
	IRC gained international fame during the late Persian Gulf War,
where updates from around the world came accross the wire, and most
people on irc gathered on a single channel to hear these reports. 

(2) How is IRC set up?

	The user runs a "client" program (usually called 'irc') which
connects to the irc network via another program called a "server".
Servers exist to pass messages from user to user over the irc network.

(3) How do I use a client?

	You either compile the source yourself, have someone else on
your machine compile the source for you, or use the TELNET client.
"telnet bradenville.andrew.cmu.edu". Please only use the latter when you
have no other way of reaching irc, as this resource is quite limited.

(4) Where can I get source for the irc client?

UNIX client-> cs.bu.edu /irc/clients
	      plod.cbme.unsw.edu.au
	      nic.funet.fi pub/unix/irc
	      ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de pub/net/irc
	      slopoke.mlb.semi.harris.com
	      there is also a client avaliable with the server code.
EMACS elisp-> cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/elisp
	      nic.funet.fi
              ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de
	      slopoke.mlb.semi.harris.com
EMACS elisp "irchat"->  cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/elisp
                        lehtori.cc.tut.fi:/pub/irchat
			nic.funet.fi:/pub/irchat
VMS ->        cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/vms
	      coombs.anu.edu.au
REXX client for VM->    cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/rxirc
                        ftp.informatik.uni-oldenburg.de pub/irc/rxirc
MSDOS->         cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/msdos
                freebie.engin.umich.edu:/pub/irc/clients/MSDOS

Macintosh->     cs.bu.edu /irc/clients/macintosh
                sumex-aim.stanford.edu /info-mac/comm

(5) Which server do I connect to?

	It's usually best to try and connect to one geographically
close, even though that may not be the best. You can always ask when you
get on irc. Here's a list of servers avaliable for connection:
		csd.bu.edu
		ucsu.colorado.edu
                irc.caltech.edu
		ug.cs.dal.ca
		nic.funet.fi
                disuns2.epfl.ch
                munagin.ee.mu.oz.au
		sunsystem2.informatik.tu-muenchen.de

This is, by no means, a comprehensive list, but merely a start. Connect
to the closest of these servers and join the channel #Twilight_Zone
When you get there, immediately ask what you want. Don't say "I have a
question" because then hardly anyone will talk. 

(6) OK, I've got a client and I'm connected to a server? Now what?

	It's probably best to take a look around and see what you want
to do first. All irc commands start with a "/", and most are one word.
Typing /help will get you help information. /names will get you a list
of names, etc. 

The output is typically something like this-> (Note there are more
channels than this, this is just sample output).

Pub: #hack      zorgo eiji Patrick fup htoaster 
Pub: #Nippon    @jircc @miyu_d 
Pub: #nicole    MountainD 
Pub: #hottub    omar liron beer Deadog moh pfloyd Dode greywolf SAMANTHA

"Pub" means public (or "visible") channel. "hack" is the channel name.
"#" is the prefix (see number 7 below). A "@" before someone's nickname
indicates he/she is the "Channel operator" of that channel. A Channel
Operator is someone who has control over a specific channel. It can be
shared or not as the first Channel Operator sees fit. The first person
to join the channel automatically gets Channel Operator, and can share
it with anyone he/she chooses (or not).

(7) What is a "bot"? How can I get one? 

        "bot" is short for "robot". It is a script run from an ircII
client or a seperate program (in perl, C, and sometimes more obscure
languages). StarOwl at uiuc.edu (Michael Adams) defined bots very well: "A
bot is a vile creation of /lusers to make up for lack of penis length".
IRC bots are generally not needed. See (9) below about "ownership" of
nicknames and channels.

(8) What are good channels to try while using irc?

	#hottub and #initgame are almost always teeming with people.
#hottub is meant to simulate a hot tub, and #initgame is non-stop game
of "inits" (initials). Just join and find out! 

	Many irc operators are in #Twilight_Zone ... so if you join
that channel and don't hear much talking, don't worry, it's not because
you joined, operators don't talk much on that channel anyways!

(9) Someone is using my nickname, can anyone do anything about it?
    Someone is using my channel, can anyone do anything about it?

        Even with NickServ (see (11) below) registering nicknames, there
are not enough nicknames to have nickname ownership. If someone takes
your nickname while you are not on irc, you can ask for them to give it
back, but you can not *demand* it, nor will irc operators /kill for
nickname ownership. 
        
        There are, literally, millions of possible channel names, so if
someone is on your usual channel, just go to another. You can /msg them
and ask for them to leave, but you can't *force* them to leave. 

(10) There aren't any channel operators on my channel, now what? 

        Channel operators are the owner(s) of their respective channels.
Keep this in mind when giving out channel operator powers (make sure to
give them to enough people so that all of the channel operators don't
unexpectedly leave and the channel is stuck without a channel operator).

        On the other hand, do not give out channel operator to
*everyone*. This causes the possibility of mass-kicking, where the
channel would be stuck without any channel operators.

(10) What if someone tells me to type something cryptic?

	Never type anything anyone tells you to without knowing what it
is. There is a problem with typing a certain command with the ircII
client that gives anyone immediate control of your client (and thus can
alter your account environment also).

(11) What is NickServ? What if I can't remember my NickServ password?

	To quote from NickServ's help text, NickServ's purpose is to
keep unique nicknames on irc. NickServ sends a warning to anyone else
who signs on with your nickname.  If you don't use IRC for 10 weeks,
your nickname expires for reuse. 

	Only a NickServ operator can change your nickserv password.
To find out which NickServ operators are online, send
/msg NickServ at service.de OPERWHO

Nicknames with a "*" next to them are online at the time.

(12) What is IPCLUB? GIF-Archives of IRC-persons?

        IPCLUB stands for IRC Picture Club. It is an E-Mail service
provided by tommi at phoenix.oulu.fi for all the users of the Internet. For
more help, mail tommi at phoenix.oulu.fi with the subject of "IPCLUB/HELP".

(13) Where can I learn more?

	A good place to start might be downloading the irc tutorials.
They're avaliable via anonymous ftp from cs.bu.edu in
/irc/support/tutorial.* .. You can also join various IRC related mailing
lists. "operlist" is a list that discusses current (and past) server
code, routing, and protocol. You can join by mailing
operlist-request at eff.org. You can join the irchat mailing list by
mailing irchat-request at cc.tut.fi. There is a low traffic ircII mailing
list, mail dl2p+ at andrew.cmu.edu to be added. Another mailing list,
ircd-three at eff.org, exists to discuss protocol revisions for the 3.0
release of the ircd, currently in planning. Mail
ircd-three-request at eff.org to be added to that. A vmsirc mailing list is
avaliable. Mail vmsirc-request at vax1.elon.edu (with "subscribe" in the
message body). 

(14) What do I do if I'm still confused or have additions to this posting?

	email hrose at eff.org or ask for help (in #Twilight_Zone) on irc.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

** HOW TO BEHAVE ON IRC
(ETIQUETTE from the IRCII documentation)
Authors:      Lea Viljanen (LadyBug)  viljanen at kreeta.helsinki.fi
              Ari Husa     (luru)     so-luru at tolsun.oulu.fi 
Modified by:  Troy Rollo   (Troy)     troy at plod.cbme.unsw.oz.au
							Olaf Titz  (praetorius) 		s_titz at iravcl.ira.uka.de
1) Language
   The most widely understood and spoken language on IRC is English. 
However! As IRC is used in many different countries, English is by
no means the only language. If you want to speak some other language
than English (for example with your friends), go to a separate channel
and set the topic (with /topic) to indicate that. For example
   /topic Finnish only!
would mean that this channel would be reserved for Finnish discussion.
On the other hand, you should check the topic (with /list command) 
before you move to a channel to see if there are any restrictions about 
language.
   On a channel not restricted by /topic, please speak a language
everybody can understand. If you want to do otherwise, change channels
and set the topic accordingly.
2) Hello/Goodbye
   It's not necessary to greet everybody on a channel personally.
Usually one "Hello" or equivalent is enough. And don't expect everybody
to greet you back. On a channel with 20 people that would mean one
screenful of hellos. It's sensible not to greet, in order not to be rude
to the rest of the channel. If you must say hello to somebody you know,
do it with a private /msg. The same applies to goodbyes.
3) Discussion
   When you come to a new channel it's advised you to listen
for a while to get an impression of what's discussed. Please feel free
to join in, but do not try to force your topic into the discussion
if that doesn't come naturally.
4) Limits
   On channel numbers above 10 there can be only 10 persons
per channel. So if the channel is full and you don't actively
participate, please move to another channel to let someone else in.
5) {}|[]\
   IRC has quite a lot of people from Scandinavian countries,
the above characters are letters in their alphabet. This 
has been explained on IRC about a thousand and one times, so
read the following, do not ask it on IRC:
   {     is an A with 2 dots over it
   }     is an A with a small circle above it
   |     is either an O with 2 dots over it or an O with a dash (/) through
it
   [, ], and \ are the preceding three letters in upper case.
6) ATTENTION!
   Remember, people on IRC form their opinions about you only by 
your actions, writings and comments on IRC. So think before you type.

---------------------------------------------------------------------


** Users Behavior on the Internet Relay Chat system
(RULES from the IRCII documentation)
Author: Ove Ruben R Olsen
Definitions:
   IRC-ADMIN - Person who have access to all files concerning ircd.
   IRC-OP    - Person who have privilegies given to him by an IRC-ADMIN.
	       And who is in charge at HIS server.
   USER      - Person who is using IRC.
The Internet Relay Network (IRC) is a system for comunicating with other
peoples.
IRC is a free speech system. Users may exchange viewpoints with other
users. But to protect people from abuse there are certain rules that the 
user MUST respect.
If a USER doesn't respect the guidelines/rules stated below, then the
IRC-ADMIN may suspend or reduce the availability for the USER.
These things are prohibited:
   * Using offensive words in channel topics.
   * Harassing another user. Harassment is defined as behavior towards 
     another user with the purpose of annoying them. 
     Harassment is a matter of opinion of the IRC-OP.
   * "Dumping" a lot of text to a channel.
   * Annoying another user or a channel with constant beeping. 
   * Any behavior reducing the functionality of IRC.
What kind of action a user is doing to break these rules are up to the 
IRC-OP to decide.
Violation should be straighted out via a civilized conversation between
the IRC-OP and the USER.
If the USER is not on-line then the USER should be notified by EMail.
If the USER wont respect what he's been told then it is up to the IRC-ADMIN

what to do with the USER.
If someone finds a USER violating these rules he may contact the USER's
IRC-ADMIN.
To find a USERS IRC-ADMIN one may use the /ADMIN <nick-name>.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

-- 

.....          Martin Leach                Email:leach at mbcrr.harvard.edu 
   _|____      Dept. of Pharmacology       Phone: (617) 638-5323        
   / o  /      Boston Univ. School of Med. Fax:   (617) 638-4329         
 _/  |-/__==/  80 E. Concord St. (L603)
(BULLDOZER) \_ Boston MA 02118            "Not the old underpants on your
               USA                           head.....WIBBLE" -BLACKADDER  



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