DMSO for tissue culture use
Jody K. Hirsh
jkh141 at nwu.edu
Thu Jun 1 13:11:06 EST 1995
In article <D9G68v.Lvv at freenet.carleton.ca>, ar229 at FreeNet.Carleton.CA
>We use DMSO as a solvent when adding retinoids to cultured cells.
>we have been noticing that the DMSO alone has been having a toxic
>on the cells. Should we be using a special grade of DMSO (we have been
>using ACS grade from BDH)? Any other suggestions to avoid cytotoxicity
>be appreciated. Thanks.
>Allison Haggarty ar229 at freenet.carleton.ca
> mdah at musica.mcgill.ca
DMSO itself is used as a differentiating agent (generally at 1to 2 %)! I
used to differentiate N1E-115 mouse neuroblastoma cells. You do not
mention what the final DMSO concentration is in your medium, so make
sure it is no more than 0.1%. You may even consider doing a vehicle
control or switch to ethanol (also keeping the concentration low). Fresh
DMSO does sound like a good idea. Especially if someone else has been
using it and contaminated it with some other chemical! Keep your own
bottle for tissue culture work. Just use it in the hood and with sterile
technique. Also, store your stock solution of the retinoids at -20 and make
fresh solution every few months or so.
Also, I would not use any type of sterilizing filter (syringe, etc. 0.22 um)
on the DMSO itself or the solution -- you may be extracting something from
the filter apparatus into your solution/medium.
DMSO is a very interesting solvent. Because of its ability to differentiate
cells and inhibit cell division it has been used as an anti-inflammatory
compound. Use in humans though is only FDA-approved for treating the
bladder disease interstitital cystitis. It also gives you garlicky breath!
Hope this helps! Email me if you have any other questions.
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