Published abstracts-IMACA-GOA-Nkamat-5 (final) on Fungal Resource Accounting Procedure (FRAP)

gmk6 at bom2.vsnl.net.in gmk6 at bom2.vsnl.net.in
Sun Jan 25 14:25:04 EST 1998


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"Everybody talks about it , but nobody seems to do anything about it..."
-Mark Twain- about global chat topic-WEATHER...
Are environmental economists, natural resource economists, EIA
specialists et.al. are really serious about evaluation of global fungal
resources?
Have Constanza et.al.( May 1997, Nature- A MUST READ FOR MYCOECOLOGISTS)
have done justice to the fungal kingdom in their calculations of the
cost of Global ecosystem services ($33 trillions/yr)?.
-What do we gain when we have pristine fungal habitats with diverse
fungal resources?
-And what do we lose when these are destroyed esp. in tropics?
-Who, how and when will evaluate the costs of global fungal resources?
We (N Kamat & D J Bhat) have proposed FRAP. The abstract is attached..
- Ideas are welcome for refining our ideas or starting afresh if we are
on the wrong track...
-Nandkumar-Goa-India.

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Fungal Resource Accounting Procedure (FRAP) as an additional component of
bioeconomic analysis of the tropical ecosystems

                      Nandkumar Kamat and D Jairam Bhat

          Department of Botany, Goa University, Taleigao-Goa, India

ABSTRACT

Bioeconomic analysis deals with the broad assessment of the economic
potential of the entire ecosystems. Fungi which dominate and colonize
diverse habitats in these ecosystems play useful role in their maintenance
besides providing several other multifarious ecosystem and biosphere
services. Although the fungal dimension of Global and tropical diversity has
been emphasized by Hawksworth (1991), Subaramanian (1992), Rossman (1994)
and others it has not yet entered forcefully into global discussion on
valuation of nature's services (Costanza et.al.,1997) and bioeconomic
analysis of tropical ecosystems. It has been inferred that these ecosystems
with complex ecological niches and habitats are the best candidates for
exploring unknown fungal biodiversity. A Fungal Resource Accounting
Procedure (FRAP) as an essential part of bioeconomic analysis of tropical
ecosystems is recommended in this paper. This will involve use of approaches
like categorization of fungal resources in categories such as identified,
quantified, indicated, inferred, undiscovered, hypothetical and speculative;
identification of cost-benefit factors, valuation of externalities, direct
and indirect services, existence value and public good value. With hitherto
ignored fungal dimension thrown in FRAP may be useful as an additional
analytical tool for planning holistic ecosystem and biodiversity
conservation strategies, fungal genome utilisation policies and conducting
environmental impact assessment exercises in tropical ecosystems under
developmental pressures. The 21 st century global economic and environmental
scenario is likely to witness a clash of economic and technological
interests between the 'Biodiversity haves' and 'Biodiversity have-nots'. The
correct economic assessment of fungal dimension of biodiversity will help in
global tradeoffs, negotiating trade treaties and offer a diplomatic edge to
several Asian countries endowed with rich mycoflora.

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