Help needed for a case
a.bardi at COMUNE.LIVORNO.IT
Sat Mar 8 16:09:12 EST 1997
WHOEVER MIGHT BE INTERESTED IS KINDLY REQUESTED TO CONTACT
US URGENTLY WITH HIS ADVICE, CONCERNING THE TREATMENT OF
THE FOLLOWING CASE:
PIPPAN ROBERTO - Age:51 - Profession: former fireman - Living in Leghorn - Italy
Because of a heavy deterioration of his vital and intellectual capabilities,
his case was
framed within the manifestations of a progressive, primitive, subcortical
gliosis, as it
was recently described, that is variations of the frontal cerebral
The patient was on various occasions admitted to the National Institute
in Milan with a frontal symptoms complex, progressive mental degeneration,
dysarthria, motility troubles and subcortical cortico-atrophy set in 1994
Detailed neuro-radiological scrutiny as well as magnetic resonance revealed
resounding area localized in a central mesencephalic location, without mass
characterized by two small contiguous roundish impregnations.
In 1995, in the above institute, an evident apathic behaviour was noted, by
corresponding to his earlier extremely active and extrovert personality.
The patient is suffering from diabetes since he was 24 and is carrier of a
polyneuropathy complex fully proved with neurophysiological documentation.
Presently the subject is extremely under-weighted, neither aware/vigil nor co-
operating, with heavily impoverished spontaneous speech turning to
stimulated. Temporal and spatial orientation seem preserved.
He is apparently retaining ideation and denomination, but has motorial
poor limbs and body co-ordination together with heavy apathy, volatile,
judgement - some episodes of verbal aggressivity - defective short-term memory,
whilst the middle- term one sounds still operating;
He is affected by Dysarthria and disphagy - slow wide-legged walk with slight
bilateral stepping, traces of paraparesis.
Are also observed grave left upper limb rigidity with abducted arm posture,
forearm and hand fingers. doubtful traces of plastic hypertones.
Heavy decrease of muscular trophism affecting face, neck, shoulder & pelvis
upper & lower limbs (the left upper one more than the other ) and the
bilateral muscles. Muscular sthenia.
HISTOLOGICAL TEST ( The right frontal pole, atrophic, was removed as a whole)
DESCRIPTION OF SPECIMENS: The white subcortical material is looking pale on
colouring for myelin and is characterized by heavy gliosis with astrocytes
abundant cytoplasm and a felt of intensely GFAP-positive cells
U-fibres there are areas where the gliosis is more evident and reaches the
of the cerebral cortex, though the process is mostly sparing it so far.
Deposits of A-Beta proteins or PRP are not noted as well as neuro-fibrillar
degenerations or other hyperphosphorilated tau neuronal inclusions.
HISTOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS: subcortical gliosis
Please note: the report is not consistent with diagnosis of Alzheimer and
Jacob desease as well as prions induced Encephalopathy, Pick's desease
phenotype), Lewy's corpus dementia.
The patient is presently an inmate of the high intensity care department at
Hospital, tracheotomized with respirator and PEG.
ANTONIO BARDI, via Calatafimi 38, 57126 Livorno
e-mail: a.bardi at comune.livorno.it
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