Figures of Speech & brain

Renato Cocchi MC7057 at MCLINK.IT
Wed Feb 18 16:57:09 EST 1998


 To all listmates.
 In  1997  I published a paper on Figures of Speech  and  their 
possible   neurophysiological   bases.   Perhaps   someone   is 
interested   in   this   topic.   Of   course   the    supposed 
neurophysiological  bases are not specific for the  figures  of 
speech  nor  for the language, but they can works also  in  non 
verbal fields. The following is the summary, but if there  were 
many interested in this topic I can send the whole paper to the 
list.
 
 Renato Cocchi MD, PhD
 specialist in neurology
 specialist in medical psychology

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 Printed on It. J. Intellect. Impair. 1997, 10: 35-42

 FIGURES OF SPEECH: POSSIBLE 
 NEURO-PHYSIOLOGICAL BASES?  
 By Renato Cocchi 

 Summary
 Figures    of   speech  are the most  used  style's  tools  in 
speaking  and   in writing.  Their  use  is  common to  peoples  living   
in   countries   without   any  knowledge   of    our 
rhetoric.
 Many   figures of speech can act by  adding   a   non-rational  
conscious    force   of  persuading   to   the   argumentation;  nearly  
all stimulate  the  curiosity   of  the  target;  some 
modify  prosody  or  rhythm  of speaking.
  A  new  type  of analysis showed that 90  figures  of  speech  spread  
into  four  mechanisms related to the  neural  network 
functioning  of  the   brain.   These  mechanisms    categorize 
perceptive  stimuli  according  to  identity   by   similarity, 
identity   by space contiguity, post hoc ergo propter  hoc  (or 
cause  and  effect's relationship by temporal contiguity),  and 
opposition.
 The   different   levels  (grammatical,  syntactic,  semantic,  phonetic,
  rhythmic,  attentional)  where  figures  of  speech 
apply  themselves and  the  mechanism  or  mechanisms  involved 
give peculiar features to each of them. 
 Figures   of speech are not exclusive of verbal language,  but 
they can be  found in other perceptive fields too, as  painting 
or advertising in the visual field.

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