Time Magazine: WOMAN of the Millennium

Jack Andrews amiga at primenet.com
Thu Oct 1 05:52:09 EST 1998


> Louise Arner Boyd
>
> Boyd, Louise Arner (1887-1972), American explorer of the Arctic Ocean and the
> first woman to fly over the North Pole. Boyd was
> born to a wealthy family in San Rafael, California, a suburb of San Francisco.
> Boyd inherited her family's fortune in 1920 and spent the
> next few years traveling in Europe. Her interest in polar exploration began in
> 1924 when she first visited Arctic regions aboard a
> Norwegian cruise ship. Two years later Boyd chartered a Norwegian ship and took a
> group of friends on a trip from Norway into the
> Arctic Ocean. They visited Franz Josef Land, the island chain north of European
> Russia, where they hunted polar bears and seals. In
> 1928 Boyd led an expedition to find Norwegian Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen, who
> had disappeared while flying a rescue mission in
> search of Italian explorer and engineer Umberto Nobile. Financing the venture
> herself, Boyd set out on behalf of the Norwegian
> government on a voyage across about 16,100 km (about 10,000 mi) of the Arctic
> Ocean, exploring from Franz Josef Land in the east to
> the Greenland Sea in the west. She was unable to find any trace of Amundsen, but
> for her efforts the Norwegian government awarded
> Boyd the Chevalier Cross of the Order of Saint Olav. Beginning in 1931, Boyd
> undertook a series of nearly annual expeditions to the
> Arctic. That year she and an exploring party sailed to Greenland's northeastern
> coast, where they examined glacial formations and
> photographed Arctic plant and animal life. She earned recognition for her
> explorations of the little-known De Geer Glacier when an
> adjoining region was later named Louise Boyd Land. In 1933 Boyd led an expedition
> sponsored by the American Geographical Society.
> Her scientific team again studied the fjords and glaciers on Greenland's
> northeastern coast and, using a sonic device, measured the
> offshore ocean depths. In 1937, and again in 1938, Boyd continued her ocean-depth
> research in the Arctic seas northeast of Norway.
> These two expeditions helped determine that an undersea mountain ridge spans the
> ocean floor between Bear Island and Jan Mayen
> Island. The outbreak of World War II in 1939 halted Boyd's explorations until
> 1941, when she undertook an Arctic expedition
> sponsored by the United States government. She studied the effects of polar
> magnetic phenomena on radio communications and later
> served as an adviser on military strategy in the Arctic. In 1949 the U.S. Army
> awarded her a Certificate of Appreciation in recognition
> for this work. Boyd returned to the Arctic again in 1955 when, at the age of 68,
> she hired an airplane and became the first woman to fly
> over the North Pole. She spent her remaining years in San Francisco. Boyd wrote
> about her explorations in newspaper articles and in her
> books The Fjord Region of East Greenland (1935) and The Coast of Northeast
> Greenland (1948).
>
> --
> Jack Andrews
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art
>
> http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art
>
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
> Our Lives With Chronic Pain
> (please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)
>
> Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
> hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
> H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)

--
Jack Andrews
http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art

http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art

http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
Our Lives With Chronic Pain
(please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)

Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)





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