Time Magazine: WOMAN of the Millennium

Jack Andrews amiga at primenet.com
Thu Oct 1 05:59:14 EST 1998


> Amina Sarauniya Zazzua
>
>                                                        (c.1533-c.1610)
>
> This queen of Zazzua, a province of Nigeria now known as Zaria, was born around
> 1533 during the reign of Sarkin (king) Zazzau
> Nohir. She was probably his granddaughter. Zazzua was one of a number of Hausa
> city-states which dominated the trans-Saharan trade
> after the collapse of the Songhai empire to the west. Its wealth was due to trade
> of mainly leather goods, cloth, kola, salt, horses and
> imported metals.
>
> At the age of sixteen, Amina became the heir apparent (Magajiya) to her mother,
> Bakwa of Turunku, the ruling queen of Zazzua. With
> the title came the responsibility for a ward in the city and daily councils with
> other officials. Although her mother's reign was known for
> peace and prosperity, Amina also chose to learn military skills from the
> warriors.
>
> Queen Bakwa died around 1566 and the reign of Zazzua passed to her younger
> brother Karama. At this time Amina emerged as the
> leading warrior of Zazzua cavalry. Her military achievements brought her great
> wealth and power. When Karama died after a ten-year
> rule, Amina became queen of Zazzua.
>
> She set off on her first military expedition three months after coming to power
> and continued fighting until her death. In her thirty-four
> year reign, she expanded the domain of Zazzua to its largest size ever. Her main
> focus, however, was not on annexation of neighboring
> lands, but on forcing local rulers to accept vassal status and permit Hausa
> traders safe passage.
>
> She is credited with popularizing the earthen city wall fortifications, which
> became characteristic of Hausa city-states since then. She
> ordered building of a defensive wall around each military camp that she
> established. Later, towns grew within these protective walls,
> many of which are still in existence. They're known as "ganuwar Amina", or
> Amina's walls. --

>
> Jack Andrews
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art
>
> http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art
>
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
> Our Lives With Chronic Pain
> (please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)
>
> Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
> hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
> H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)

--
Jack Andrews
http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art

http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art

http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
Our Lives With Chronic Pain
(please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)

Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)





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