Time Magazine: WOMAN of the Millennium

Jack Andrews amiga at primenet.com
Thu Oct 1 05:57:34 EST 1998


Saint Joan of Arc

(1412-1431)

> Joan of Arc, in French, Jeanne d'Arc, also called the Maid of Orleans, a patron
> saint of France and a national heroine, led the
> resistance to the English invasion of France in the Hundred Years War. She was
> born the third of five children to a farmer, Jacques
> d'Arc and his wife Isabelle in the town of Domremy on the border of provinces of
> Champagne and Lorraine. Her childhood was spent
> attending her father's herds in the fields and learning religion and housekeeping
> skills from her mother. Both parents were intensely
> pious.
>
> When Joan was about 12 years old, she began to hear "voices" of St. Michael, St.
> Catherine, and St. Margaret, believing them to have
> been sent by God. These voices told her that it was her divine mission to free
> her country from the English and help the dauphin gain
> the French throne. They told her to cut her hair, dress in man's uniform and to
> pick up the arms.
>
> By 1429, the English, with the help of their Burgundian allies, occupied Paris
> and all of France north of the Loire. The resistance was
> minimal due to lack of leadership and a sense of hopelessness. Henry V of England
> was claiming the French throne.
>
> Joan convinced the captain of the dauphin's forces, and then the dauphin himself
> of her calling. After passing an examination by a board
> of theologians, she was given troops to command and the rank of captain. At the
> battle of Orleans Joan led the troops to a miraculous
> victory over the English. She continued fighting the enemy in other locations
> along the Loire. Later, Joan persuaded the dauphin that he
> should be crowned Charles VII. At the coronation she was given a place of honor
> next to the king.
>
> In 1430 she was captured by the Burgundians while defending Compiegne near Paris
> and was sold to the English. The English, in turn,
> handed her over to the ecclesiastical court at Rouen to be tried for witchcraft,
> heresy and for wearing male clothing, which was
> considered an offense against the church. Joan was convicted and on May 30, 1431
> she was burned at the stake in the Rouen
> marketplace. Charles VII made no attempt to come to her rescue.
>
> In 1456 a second trial was held and she was pronounced innocent of the charges
> against her. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in
> 1920.
>
> --
> Jack Andrews
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art
>
> http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art
>
> http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
> Our Lives With Chronic Pain
> (please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)
>
> Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
> hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
> H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)

--
Jack Andrews
http://www.primenet.com/~amiga Original Art

http://members.tripod.com/~artist_3/ Original VRML Art

http://www.primenet.com/~amiga/chronicpain1.html
Our Lives With Chronic Pain
(please contribute your "thoughts" to this site)

Let not the fierce sun dry one tear of pain before thyself
hast wiped it from the sufferer's eye.
H. P. Blavatsky (1831-1891)





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