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Dr & Mrs Smigrodzki srafal at imap.pitt.edu
Sat Feb 20 13:59:01 EST 1999

Chuck Kristensen wrote:

> I am not sure if this of off-the-wall or even pertinent, but spiders (as
> well as other venomous animals) frequently use numerous variations of the
> same general type of toxin, e.g. sodium channel agonist, calcium channel or
> potassium channel antagonist and etc. Some of this diversity may be due to
> the diversity of prey which the venoms must handle, but the venoms may also
> act synergistically ... getting a more reliable knock-down by hitting more
> than one sub-type of receptor.

              Could  you clarify something please Chuck.  When you write that
the venoms may act synergistically, I get the idea that you mean one spider has
more than one type of toxin in it's venom.   Is this correct?

              (not a doctor, just the wife of one)

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