Scientists 'locate' intelligence
marshmallow5 at yahoo.com
Sun Aug 6 18:43:29 EST 2000
"Is working memory capacity Spearman's g?"
Kyllonen Patrick C.;
in Dennis;Ian;Tapsfield;Patrick;et al. Human abilities: Their nature and
measurement. Publisher Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc Mahwah. 1996.
Abstract: C. Spearman's remarkable contributions to psychology centered
around his identifying the general factor in human cognition / he developed
numerous methods--still in use today--for analyzing ability test scores,
including reliability and factor analysis / these methods, particularly
factor analysis, enabled Spearman to establish the necessity of a general
factor of cognition, that is, a factor that influences virtually every
cognitive performance / [suggests] that working memory capacity is more
highly related to performance on cognitive tests, and is more highly related
to learning, both short-term and long-term, than any other cognitive factor
/ [suggests that] working memory capacity may indeed be essentially C.
Spearman's g /// working memory and other information processing abilities
[findings from traditional psychometrics, ties to cognitive psychology,
evaluation of the CAM framework] / working memory and reasoning ability /
working memory and cognitive skill acquisition [logic gates study, computer
programming study] / components of working memory ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO,
all rights reserved)
[excerpted from PsychInfo]
Sergio Navega <snavega at attglobal.net> wrote in message
news:39885cd9_4 at news3.prserv.net...
> MS wrote in message ...
> >It sounds like a premature generalization to say that because several
> >activated one area that it validates a g-factor of intelligence. Given
> >role of working memory across complex tasks and the importance of
> >dorsolateral PFC in working memory, couldn't a working memory impairment
> >account for those findings?
> I agree. Although I'm sympathetic to the concept of general intelligence,
> I don't think we have a specific area of the brain responsible for
> it. I think it is premature and somewhat "sensationalistic" to claim
> to have found such an area. One of the things we should have in mind
> when thinking about brains is that few things are really "concentrated".
> Evolution is merciless with everything that is too specific, and
> human brains evolved exactly to be adaptive and generic. Plasticity
> is the rule.
> Sergio Navega.
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