Cowan (U. Missouri) on Working Memory (Cog Sci Dec. 6)
c_thomas_wild at my-deja.com
c_thomas_wild at my-deja.com
Wed Nov 1 18:24:31 EST 2000
Working memory is an aspect of the ADHD syndrome.
Some of the behavioral effects of caffeine in some people, not all, are:
increased alertness, energy, and ability to concentrate.
The June, 2000 issue of Reader's Digest has an article on "Memory"
which reports that caffeine, for some, is a memory booster: if one is
engaged in a task that demands memorization, a cup of coffee or two
Attention Deficit Disorder:
The idea of working memory is also linked to some of the many
epilepsies as well as to different types of ADHD - ADD - Hyperactivity.
In article <Pine.SGI.3.95.1001030122316.8377J-
100000 at cogito.ecs.soton.ac.uk>,
Stevan Harnad <harnad at cogito.ecs.soton.ac.uk> wrote:
> You are invited to a talk co-sponsored by the Cognitive Sciences
> Centre, Psychology Department (Cognitive Research Group) and
> Department of Electronics and Computer Science (Intelligence,
> Multimedia Research Group) at SOUTHAMPTON UNIVERSITY.
> DATE: Wednesday Dec 6th
> TIME: 12:50
> PLACE: Shackleton Building Room 3095
> CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT OF WORKING MEMORY CAPACITY
> Professor Nelson Cowan
> Department of Psychology
> University of Missouri
> 210 McAlester Hall Columbia
> MO 65211 USA
> CowanN at missouri.edu
> Visiting Professor
> Department of Experimental Psychology
> University of Bristol
> SUMMARY: "Working memory" is that small amount of information
> that we can hold in mind at a particular moment, to be used in
> understanding language and in solving problems of various sorts.
> Three properties may be basic to the operation of working
> (1) our capacity to focus attention, (2) how much information
> be retrieved into the focus of our attention and (3) how long
> information outside the focus of our attention can stay active.
> will discuss how these three properties can be be measured and
> how they change during childhood.
> Cowan, N. (2001) The Magical Number 4 in Short-term Memory: A
> Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity. Behavioral and Brain
> Sciences 24 (1)
> Miller, G.A. (1956). The magical number 7, plus or minus two: Some
> limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological
> Review, 63, 81-97.
> NELSON COWAN (Ph.D. 1980, University of Wisconsin - Madison)
> is Middlebush Professor of the Social Sciences, in the
> Department of Psychology at the University of Missouri -
> Columbia. He has written one book (Cowan, N., 1995,
> Attention and memory: An integrated framework, Oxford
> University Press) and edited another (1997, The development
> of memory in childhood, Psychology Press), and has 100 other
> publications on working memory, its development, and its
> relation to attention. He is former Associate Editor of the
> Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and
> Cognition (1995-1999) and won the 1998 University of
> Missouri Chancellor Award for Research and Creative
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