brain sizes: Einstein's and women's

John Knight jwknight at
Sun Sep 1 10:25:03 EST 2002

"Zayton" <zayton at> wrote in message
news:AF5c9.7167$vY2.161743 at
> > > > > John Knight wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Most of the White Races of the world are descendants of the
> > > Israelites,
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Nonsense.
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Bob
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > The reason the White Race in the US is referred to as "Caucasians"
> > > > because they were the Israelites who were dispersed to the Caucasus
> > > > Mountains, who went from there throughout Europe.
> > > >
> > > > You didn't know that?
> > >
> > > This is a lie, John.
> > >
> > > Joe
> >
> >
> > Really?  Where did White Europeans come from?
> Certainly not from Israel.
>  Where did the White
> > Israelites go?
> What "white Israelites?
"The religion of the Britons appears to have been very much the same as.the
Patriarchal religion."
-Canon Samuel Lysons, 'Our British Ancestors' (p. 58)
Old Testament Roots
of Celtic Mythology
            The mythology of Druidism is said to have been brought to
England in ancient times by Hu Gadarn Hysicion, who came from the east with
a party of colonists and built Stonehenge. Who were these Eastern colonists?
Historians tell us that Phoenician-speaking peoples colonized the British
Isles in early times. The Israelites, a seafaring people, spoke a Phoenician
dialect, and the early history of these two peoples is intertwined. The
Bible speaks of Israelites sending "ships to Tarshish," or Spain, and
Solomon's navy sailed with the Phoenicians on their trade and colonizing
expeditions. (2 Chron. 9:21; Isa. 60:9) Phoenician-speaking peoples,
including Israelites, colonized Spain and Britain in ancient times, mining
ores such as silver, iron, tin, and lead, as we document in our tract,
"Ancient Hebrew Sea Migrations." The Druidic religion of early Britain and
Ireland should therefore exhibit signs of both Hebrew and Phoenician
            Celtic scholar, John Daniel, in his book, "The Druidic Idea of
God," lists the Druidic terms for the Deity and their meaning:
Celi                                    The Invisible One
Ior                                      The Eternal
Duw                                    Commonly translated 'God'; lit., 'He
Who Wills'
Rheen                                All-Pervading Spirit
Peryl                                 Author of Existence
Dofydd                             Governor
Deon                                  Distributor
Yr Hen Ddihenydd     Eternally Ancient One, or "Ancient of Days"
Mr. Daniels remarks, "Nobody can fail to see in these terms a similarity to
the common phraseology of the Christian Church... There is such perfect
consonance between these [Celtic] appellations of the Deity and those of
Biblical theology, that it is strange anyone should so fail to see it..."
(p.4, compare Dan.7:9,13,22, etc.) Daniels also points out that the Celtic
name for the Deity was IAO, pronounced, "Yah-o," which is virtually
identical to the Hebrew name for God, "Yah" or "Yahu." In early alphabets,
letters represented ideas. In Hebrew, aleph, the first letter, stood for an
ox; bet symbolized a house, gimel was a camel, dalet a door, and so on.
Similarly, in Celtic the letter "I" stood for 'the future.' "A" represented
'the present', and "O" stood for 'the past'. (ibid., pp.16-17) Thus, the
Druidic name for God, "IAO," literally meant "the Everliving," a being in
existence past, present, and future. This is the exact definition given by
scholars for the name of the Hebrew God, "Yahu" or "Yahweh." In fact, the
Ferrar Fenton Bible consistently translates the name of God as "the
Everliving." The identity of the Celtic and Hebrew Deities is obvious, for
"there can hardly be a question that the three letters were originally no
other name than IAO, the Latinized form. of the Hebrew [Yah or Yahu]; and
that such was the rendering of that name, we have the authority of several
ancient writers. Diodorus Siculus says it was related amongst the Jews, that
Moses attributed the framing of the laws to the God called IAO; and
Theodoret states that God was by the Jews called IAO." (ibid., p.12)
...In addition, the Druidic "IAO" was called the "Unutterable Name," again
identical to the Hebrew, "Yah." Daniels states, "So to the Druids there was
a secret name for the Deity, which was unutterable ("Aflafar") to all but
the most privileged of their order, and was symbolized by the three Bardic
characters representing the vowels IAO." (ibid., p. 11) With such close
resemblance's between the Celtic and the Hebrew Deity, it is not surprising
that England was converted without the shedding of a single drop of blood.
There is no record of martyrdom for any early Christian missionary, and it
has been truly said that Druidism was only accepting a fuller, better
revelation through the adoption of Christianity!
The Druidic priests, like the Levitical priests of the Bible, were exempt
from military service. The Druidic and Levitical priests were both divided
into three classes. Even the Druidic ceremonial robes remind one of the
Mosaic priests, with their breastplates of gold and jewels. The Druidic
rituals, like the Old Testament Levitical, included the sacrifice of sheep,
oxen, and goats, but no idol worship.
       In the Bible, the prophet Jeremiah in chapter 3l verse 21 instructed
scattered Israel to "set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps," and thus
we find a trail of unhewn stone monuments, called dolmens, menhirs, and
cromlechs, leading from Palestine (Gen. 35:14, etc.) across Europe, and into
the British Isles, where they were used in worship by the Druidic priests.
In England, according to Isabel Hill Elder's book, "Celt, Druid, and
 Culdee," each stone monument was called a "Si'on" in the ancient Celtic
language. The similarity between this and the Hebrew word "Zion", meaning a
stone fortress, is striking. Truly, these are additional witnesses to the
identity of the House of Israel in the world today.
            But the religious customs of the Covenant people became
corrupted with the religion of the Phoenician Canaanites. The Prophet
Elijah's challenge of the Hebrew priests of Baal is one of the most moving
Bible accounts. (I Ki.18:18-40) The Bible indicates that at one time the
majority of Hebrew priests and people followed the rituals of Baal worship.
Noted 19th century antiquarian, Sir William Betham, made an exhaustive study
of the ancient Celtic peoples, and states in his book, The Gael and Cimbri,
"Baal... has the precise meaning in Gaelic as in Phoenician -- the lord of
heaven." (p. 226) Many customs hearken back to Palestine, as well; "even the
cakes which the idolatrous Jews, in imitation of the Phoenicians, made in
honour of the queen of heaven are still the most popular cake in Ireland
under the old name of the barn-brack, or speckled cake." (p. 236) Ancient
customs and rituals are persistent among mankind, and therefore provide
tangible evidence of a people's origins, even where no written proof
survives. Betham comments, "Thus we see at this day, fires lighted up in
Ireland, on the eve of the summer solstice and the equinoxes, to the
Phoenician god, Baal, and even called Baal's fire, baaltinnes, though the
object of veneration be forgotten..." (p. 222-223) In addition,
archaeological proof points to a Hebrew-Phoenician origin of the Britons and
Irish. Betham relates, "On an altar-stone, dug up near Kirby Thore, in
Westmorland, is this inscription:"
            The text translates as follows: "To the god Baal, the friend of
man, Iolus made his free vow."
            Numerous other stone altars to Phoenician gods, which have been
discovered in Britain, Ireland, and Gaul, are discussed and translated in
Betham's work. Some of the principal finds include altar-stones found in
Northumbria and other parts of Britain. He states that these ancient
monuments to "Baal, by the ancient British... are unanswerable evidences of
the identity of the people of the two islands {i.e., Britain and Ireland]
and Gaul, which the most unwilling and incredulous caviler at etymologies,
can scarcely refuse to receive as conclusive. It proves more, for it shows
an identity of the deities of the Celtae and the [Hebrew]-Phoenicians..."
(p. 228-229)
            Numerous other parallels exist between Celtic and
Hebrew-Canaanite worship, including mystic well-worship, worship of sacred
stones, and the veneration of the autumnal equinoxes. In fact, both the
Canaanites and Celts practiced autumnal sacrifices to Baal, which the Celts
called, "Baal-tinnes," as previously mentioned.
            Aven was another of the deities of the Phoenician Canaanites,
and temples to this god were called, 'Beth-Aven," or 'house of Aven.' The
idolatrous Israelites also had adopted worship of this false god, as we see
in Hoseh 4:15-17: ".come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven,
nor swear, the Lord liveth. For Israel slideth back as a backsliding
heifer.Ephraim is joined to idols." Israelite worship of this god was so
pervasive, that the prophet Isaiah used the word, "Aven," to signify an idol
in general: ".he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol." (Hebrew,
"Aven") All idols are vanity, and aven itself came to have a secondary
meaning of vanity. Since this so-called god was no god at all, the idolaters
were literally worshipping nothing! The Apostle Paul picks up on this theme
in First Corinthians 4:8, "We know that an idol is nothing in the world, and
that there is no other god but One."
            There are five rivers Avon in Britain, of which three pass
through Gloustershire, where Celtic worship of this god was centered. In the
same English district is an old town named Avening. The 'ing' suffix means
the place of, so Avening is the place of Aven. Historian Samuel Lysons, in
"Our British Ancestors" says, "The worship at Beth-Aven, in Canaan, and that
of Avening in Gloucestershire, and that of Aven, Heliopolis, or Baal bec,
were all identical. The stone altars, the high place, the calves' bones
discovered there, mark the similarity." (p.123)
            The Canaanite god and goddess, Moloch and Chiun, are mentioned
in connection with Israel's worship by the prophet Amos (5:25), "But ye have
borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your
god, which ye made to yourselves. Therefore will I cause you to go into
            At Windmill Hill, near Avebury, Wiltshire, England, there are
evidences of Druidical worship, but no windmill. 'Win' is the Celtic word
for 'eye,' and 'Win-Melk' is the 'eye of Moloch.' Dr. Maurice, in "Indian
Antiquities," says, "the Druids worshipped the sun under the title of
Moloch, so we are certain that worship was derived to them from their
Eastern ancestors." The British towns Melch-bourne in Bedfordshire, and
Melc-combe in Dorset, both retain evidence of the worship of Moloch in early
            Similarly, the goddess Chiun was worshipped by the idolatrous
Canaanites and the Israelites who followed their custom. Chiun was the moon
goddess, and was considered so important that she was called the queen of
heaven. In fact, it is from this word, Chiun, that we derive our English
word, queen. The Prophet Jeremiah mentions worship of this goddess several
times. He laments Israel's worship of her, saying, "The children gather
wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough, to
make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto
other gods, that they may provoke me to anger." (7:18; compare 44:17-25) The
goddess Chiun had her adherents in Britain also, as seen in the name of the
famous king, Cuno-bel-inus, whose name combines the worship of both Chiun
and Bel. Similarly, Chiun is seen in the early British names Cunedag,
Cingetorix, Conan, and Maglo-cunus.
            The Hebrew word, Al, signifies the sun, and is equivalent to the
Phoenician Hal, Greek Halios, Babylonian Il, and Celto-British Heaul.
Mallet's "Northern Antiquities," (vol.2, p.68) states, "All Celtic nations
have been accustomed to the worship of the sun.It was a custom that
everywhere prevailed in ancient times to celebrate a feast at the winter
solstice, by which men testified their joy at seeing this great luminary
return again to this part of the heavens. This was the greatest solemnity of
the year. They called it, in many places, Yole or Yuul, from the word Hiaul,
which even at this day signifies the sun in the languages of the
Bas-Bretagne and Cornwall." Christmas is still called Yule. A Christmas
holiday beer, Ale, may be from the same root. Holly and Holy come from the
word, heaul, meaning 'to hallow, to deem sacred,' with roots to the Hebrew,
'El,' God. The German words, 'heilig' and 'ale' mean 'to swear, to call on
the name of God.' The words 'all,' ''whole,' and 'heal,' may be related to
            The Hebrew name for the sun appears in many places in Britain
with names beginning with 'Al,' 'Ail,' 'Ayl,' 'Hal,' 'Hayl,' and the like.
There are many examples, including Albury, Albourne, Alcester, Alby,
Althorp, Alton, Allington, Allerton, Alford, Allenby, Alsop, and dozens
            In Genesis 41:45, we read, "And Pharaoh called Joseph's name
Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to WIFE ASENATH the DAUGHTER OF POTIPHERAH
PRIEST OF ON. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt." Again in
Genesis 46:20, we are told, "And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born
bare unto him." (compare 41:50) The word, On, signifies the sun, and is
derived from the Hebrew Aun, Assyrian Anu, Babylonian Aunu, Celto-British
On, and the Greek On. The ancient Celtic poet, Taliesin, is quoted in
"Davies' British Druids," as saying, "Even the sovereign On, the ancient,
the generous feeder." (p.527) Historian George Rawlinson states, "Aunu
signified 'the god,' and was no doubt in use among the primitive Babylonians
from the very earliest times." (Herodotus, Essay x, vol. 1, p. 591) Who was
this "Asenath, the daughter of Potipherah the priest of On," whom the
Biblical patriarch Joseph married? It is popular teaching today to say
because Asenath dwelled in Egypt, that therefore Joseph married a Negro. But
the fact that her family were sun-worshippers worshipping On, the Semitic
sun-god, is proof positive of a Semitic identity.
            It is from this word, On, that we derive the Latin, annus,
meaning a year, from the annual solar revolution, and the English, annual.
Samuel Lysons states, "That Aven and On were the same, is shown by the Greek
translation of Beth-aven as 'the house of On.' Heliopolis, Egypt was at
different periods called Ain, Aven, and On. Possibly our word Evening, Dutch
Avond, and German Abend, may represent Aven, as the declining sun." (ibid.,
p. 238-239)
            British place-names showing early sun-worship include Ansley,
Anston, Anslow, Ancoats, Ancaster (Caer An), Ancroft, Anford, Anwick, Avon,
Avening, Arran, and many others. Concerning this last location, a circle of
Druidic stones with a cromlech in the center at Arran indicates sun worship.
            British antiquarian, Aylett Sammes, writing in 1676, noted that
"the customs, religion, idols, offices, and dignities of the ancient Britons
are all clearly Phoenician." John Pinkarton, in his "Enquiry Into The
History Of Scotland," (1789), also stated that Druidism was directly
descended from the Phoenicians, while British antiquarian William Stukely,
in the book, "Stonehenge," believed that it had the marks of Israelite
worship and culture.
            Stukely pointed out Old Testament references to oaks, which gave
these trees symbolic or mystical attributes. Abraham's altar of sacrifice
was prepared by the oak of Moreh. "And Abram passed through the land unto
the place of Sichem, unto the plain (lit: "oak") of Moreh. And the Canaanite
was then in the land. And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy
seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who
appeared unto him." (Gen. 12:6-7) We are further told in Hoseh 4:13, "They
sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills,
under oaks..." The importance of worship under oaks in Druidism is well
known. Modern Celtic scholar, John King, in his book, "The Celtic Druids'
Year," adds, "The Hebrew word for oak also means oath, and there is evidence
that the oak signified a burial place. The golden calf or bull worshipped as
an idol by the Israelites has its counterpart in the Druidical image of the
god Hu Gadarn, or Hu the Mighty, who, like Noah, survived the deluge and
first brought the skill of ploughing to mankind. Dibbuks, demons and lesser
deities, some of which might seem to correlate to Celtic spiritual figures,
have been pushed into the background by contemporary Judaism." (p. 26) Thus
the Hebrew connection is little-known but factual.
            Perhaps we can do no better in summing up our study than to
quote the venerable Sir William Betham: "The connection of this
[Hebrew-Canaanite] worship with the historical traditions of the Pagan Irish
is so evident, and so extensive, that it .strongly illustrates the
[Biblical] account of the progress of population from the plains of Sennaar
[i.e., in the Middle-East] to the western extremities of Europe..." (p. 242)
This is obvious, for no one but God's people exhibited the peculiar mix of
true and false religion seen in the early Celts.

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