Brain clues to attention disorder
dave at nospam.xemu.demon.co.uk
Sun Dec 21 14:27:32 EST 2003
In article<84da9680.0312211037.72881ab7 at posting.google.com>,
orkeltatte at hotmail.com <orkeltatte at hotmail.com> writes:
>Dave Bird <dave at nospam.xemu.demon.co.uk> wrote in message
>> In article<84da9680.0312210247.4030f84b at posting.google.com>,
>> orkeltatte at hotmail.com <orkeltatte at hotmail.com> writes:
>> >> >The fact that Ritaline and other similar central stimulating drugs has
>> >> >the paradoxal effect of normalizing activity and attention in ADDH
>> >> >conditions ,
>> >> It is only paradoxical if we play a bit of word magic with 'stimulating'
>> >Sorry! But this is semantic bullshit.Paradoxal refers to an opposite
>> >effect compared to the common effect on the majority of people - eg
>> >excitatory, increased psychomotor tempo and activity and soforth.
>> Let me explain. The effect is not ACTUALLY paradoxical if we
>> examine carefully. There is only an APPARENT paradox if we
>> carelessly use the word 'stimulant' without specifying 'of what'.
>> "The fact that a (reflection-) stimulating drug abates a
>> (movement-) stimulating disorder is APPARENTLY paradoxical
>> until we realise that they stimulate different and opposing factors"
>Still playing with words
On the contrary, I would think that describing as "paradoxical"
two effects which are not directly opposed is playing with words.
>> I would reserve the word paradoxical when it genuinely the
>> same quantity involved: "how is it that a patient with HIGH DOPAMINE is
>> clearly showing and EXTRA-PYRAMIDAL TREMOR from low dopamine effect?";
>> "how is it that problems which began with RAISED SEROTONIN are now
>> cleared up by INCREASING SEROTONIN LEVELS?"; etc.
>That will probably be due to the effect of up - and downregulationg of
>the receptors in question - adapting, or trying to adapt to new
Well, yeah, something like that. Stress effects are what pushes down
dopamine, and noradrenaline comes up in response: the result is that
the person seems impulsive and physically active with little planning.
Support planning (dopamine) and things come back into whack.
In article<582c15c5f1a4da1d5ffa3127f92df7fe at news.teranews.com>, Glen M.
Sizemore <gmsizemore2 at yahoo.com> writes:
>Although it is
>now clear that there are a variety of circumstances in which the so-
>called "rate-dependent" effects of psychomotor stimulants do not hold
>(such drugs rarely increase the rate of punished responding, for
Rewarded responding is just a different chemistry, I suppose.
>example), it is still a fact that under a variety of circumstances the
>effects of psychomotor stimulants on positively- and negatively-
>reinforced behavior, in laboratory animals, is an inverse function of
>non-drug rate of responding (and dose, of course; small doses of the
>drugs tend to increase low rates of response while having no effect on
>higher rates; moderate doses will produce substantial increases in low
>rates while high-rates will be reduced; high doses will, of course,
>decrease both high and low rates).
Um, there are two ways of looking at what happens in ritalin
reducing high levels of movement activity. One is that activation
is something you "fill up to the over-flow mark", which precipitates
a negative feedback when the drive is too high: add more drive to high
activation and you may predominantly just push the negative feedback
to reduce activity. The other in ritalin is that the activation
increased is different from and opposed to the activation it opposes.
I prefer my version because it better fits the observed facts,
but both effects exist.
FUCK THE SKULL OF HUBBARD, AND BUGGER THE DWARF HE RODE IN ON!!
8====3 (O 0) GROETEN --- PRINTZ XEMU EXTRAWL no real OT has
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