One more, important, comment added below.
"k p Collins" <kpaulc@[----------]earthlink.net> wrote in message
news:fC8Zb.12223$hm4.8128 at newsread3.news.atl.earthlink.net...
> Hi John,
>> "John H." <johnh at faraway.> wrote in message
> news:4034e856 at dnews.tpgi.com.au...> >
> > "NMF" <nm_fournier at ns.sympatico.ca> wrote in message
> > news:nmsYb.4941$d34.758000 at news20.bellglobal.com...> > > Dear Ken,
> > >
> > >
> > > I still don't agree with you on that entirely. Perhaps we can agree
> > > disagree. But astrocytes are extremely responsive to calcium.
> > > should have been more clear in my previous response. I am not
> > > K+ role in regulating glia transmission. But for evoking the
> > > changes in synaptic efficacy that would underlie the theories you
> > in
> > > my opinion it is highly dependent upon calcium activity.
> > That's not an opinion:
> > Glia 1999 Oct;28(1):1-12
> > Glucocorticoids-potent modulators of astrocytic calcium signaling.
> > Simard M, Couldwell WT, Zhang W, Song H, Liu S, Cotrina ML, Goldman S,
> > Nedergaard M.
> > The Journal of Neuroscience, March 1, 2000, 20(5):1767-1779
> > A Fundamental Role for the Nitric Oxide-G-Kinase Signaling Pathway in
> > Mediating Intercellular Ca2+ Waves in Glia
> > Nicholas J. Willmott, Kay Wong, and Anthony J. Strong
> > Glia are not exclusively permeable to K+
>> A better way to say what I said about glia
> and K+ ions is that K+ is the only ion species
> that goes-right-through them.
Newly-added comment ---------------------
It's the glial shape-shifting [referred to as
"contractile action" [or something like that]
in AoK, Ap5] that directs the distribution
of the K+ flow, and which, through that,
acts upon neuronal passive spread and
'resting potential' [and, hence, action potential
thresholding], all in a way that can be precisely
tuned right down to small portions of a neuron's
End of newly-added comment.
[One more unimportant thing added below.]
> This's why the glial tuning of 'memory' can
> be really profound. It really has the K+
> concentration, upon which action potentials
> are dependent, in its grasp.
>> CA++ is a 2nd messenger all over the place.
>> There has to be a mechanism that acts to
> set glial K+ distribution, CA++ is probably
> involved, but there's probably other stuff too,
> because the glial K+ control that's =hypoth-
> esized= in NDT has to be 3-D-variable.
>> The refs you've cited are all new-to-me
> stuff, but, if I were still able to read in
> Neuroscience, I'd jump-on-them with
> respect to the hypothesis I've been dis-
>> The "waves" are just artifactual thresholding
> dynamics within the globally-integrated
> TD E/I-minimization dynamics.
>> [This "it's-only-continuous-thresholding-
> dynamics stuff =really= needs to be grasped
> by Neuroscience. The thresholding dynamics
> are just portions of larger, continuous, energy-
> flow that happen to be easily distinguishible
> because there's a directionality-change in-
> herent. But they're =not= what's important.
> What's important is the =overall= tuning
> of energy-flow inherent in convergence. With
> respect to this overal stuff, the 'waves' are
> =just= artifacts of the way that convergence
> procedes, via overshoot-detection that 'closes-
> the-door' to energy-flow in the direction in
> which it's over-shot convergence. It's all
> =just= TD E/I-minimization, but, at this ionic
> 'level', it's the opening and closing of the 'door'
> with respect to ionic-conductance directionality
> that constitute "excitation" and "inhibition", res-
>> Anyway K+ permeability is special, in glia,
> because it flows-right-through glia.
>> [Although the 2nd ref you cite, above, is
> with respect to =intercellular= Ca++ stuff,
> is it a Ca++ flowing, or a cell-to-cell sig-
> nalling? If it's a flowing, NDT's position
> would have to be reworked, but if it's a
> signalling, then that's already predicted
> in NDT's position [NDT didn't address
> particular signalling mechanisms, just said
> they had to be in-there to tune K+ per-
>> Gee, I feel some of the old 'juice' getting
> worked-up. Thought it'd all 'drained' :-]
>> So, Thank You, John, for posting these
>> I'm not going to follow-up. [I think it's
> because my trailer is so 'cramped'. I
> need to spread the refs I work with
> out on the floor, hang them on the walls,
> stack them in trays, etc. And I've zero
> space in which to do any of that.] But
> Encourage others to do so.
I don't even have room to lay a single
page of paper down to work with its
contents [as in the rewriting of AoK].
Folks concerned that I need a straight-
jacket should rest-easy. I'm living in
Without a kitchen sink, to boot :-]
It's Hilarious. Before I moved in, the
owners let the place freeze. My bath-
room sink and toilet are all cold-stress
cracks. I'm waiting to find myself sitting
on the floor on some dark night :-]
Anyway, it's why I'm unable to work -
this live-in-it 'straight-jacket.
I'm 'ashamed', but there's nothing I can
do about it. Folks won't Employ me.
They must do internet searches and
find that I'm 'too-hot-to-handle'.
It's their loss.
But also mine.
But, maybe it's just that I've resorted to
On my left, there's a pile of stuff on a
TV tray-table. I could dump that on the
floor and put two sheets of paper there.
Yeah, I'm just whimping-out.
It's 'funny' though. It's like it's rising, from
deep within me - "Enough!"
Steeling my Being to take the last-big-hit .
[Why do I do stuff like this?
It's because I'm asking a lot of folks, so
I feel I owe stuff like this to folks, in return.
I mean, folks 'wonder', right?
It's nothing to me.
I want =not= to 'influence' folks'
decisions. I 'make myself small' so
that folks'll =not= care about 'me'.
So that folks will see the Science,
and not some 'curried-favor'.
But I have to 'let-it-out-of-me.
And you folks are the only 'Family'
I've got. [I long-ago spared my
Family from having to deal with
what's left of me.]
But you folks Do-Science.
Understanding, and Unafraid of
So I Look-to-you.
And try to 'make-myself-small' in
So you'll find-what's-in =You=.
Independently of what's in-me.
"Burma Shave." kpc
>> Cheers, ken [k. p. collins]
>> > > >
> > > > > Two recent studies may be of interest to
> > > > > you. One study showed that activation of working memory networks
> > > > > significantly correlated with the extent of glial cell activation
> > and
> > > > > metabolites in HIV brain injured patients (which exhibit abnormal
> > glial
> > > > > inflammatory effects). They hypothesized that the increased glial
> > > > > processing is associated with a decrease in neuronal processing.
> > Via iNOS activity generating NO inhibiting the electron tranport chain.
> > rapidly diffuses. NO via il1(p38 or NFkb?, Ca2+ will increase NO, but
> > know if via iNOS (bad), or nNOS(good).
> > John H.