Testosterone, personality characters and professional status of Saudi women...

James Michael Howard jmhoward at arkansas.net
Tue Jun 15 06:21:05 EST 2004

Saudi Med J. 2004 Jun;25(6):711-6. 	

Sex hormones, personality characters and professional status among Saudi

Al-Ayadhi LY.

Department of Physiology (29), Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, PO Box
2925, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between male and female sex hormones (testosterone,
estradiol and progesterone), personality characters and professional status was
studied. METHODS: The study was conducted in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia between September 2003 and May 2003. The participants completed a
questionnaire consisting of personal information regarding age, profession,
educational level and medical history. Then the participant went through an
adjective checklist. Hormones were determined from blood samples provided by the
participant. RESULTS: The result indicated that the higher the professional
levels, the higher was the testosterone concentrations, but not estradiol or
estrogen concentration. Furthermore, females with higher testosterone
concentration (university lecturers, bank managers, bank employee, medical
doctors and technical workers) identify themselves as independent, strong,
assertive, impulsive, resourceful, spontaneous, uninhibited, rational, patient
and arguing. Whereas, females with lower testosterone concentrations (housewives
and clerical workers) view themselves as civilized, socialized, calm, quite,
sentimental, shy, nice, sensitive, warmhearted, sympathetic, thoughtful, warm,
practical and kind. CONCLUSION: The current study emphasizes the positive
relationship between strong personality characters, high professional status and
male sex hormone level (testosterone) in females.

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