On Tornadoes and other Meteorlogical Phenomenon

kenneth collins kenneth.p.collins at worldnet.att.net
Mon May 9 09:38:14 EST 2005


I watched an Excellent PBS =Nova=
show the other night. It discussed
Tornado-Prediction efforts.

I've Solved the Problem. [Solved
it a couple of decades ago, and
sent a portion of the Solution to a
Fair Witness, back then.]

I was going to take the 'time' to
fire-up a wordprocessor so I could
be "neat", but I've been up all night
developing a computer simulation
that Verified the basic principles of
the Solution, and I'm really 'tired', so
I'm just going to "wing" this post [as
usual :-]

But I hope folks'll spend some 'time'
with it because its stuff is Beautiful,
meaning-filled, ties-into the stuff I
discussed not too long ago in the
"Tapered Harmony Primer [again]"
thread, and is just plain Fun [wjich
I'll demonstate, if I can stay-awake
long enough to write a decent msg.
Everything I'll discuss maps-into
nervous systems' 3-D Energydyn-
amics [3-D E] as I've discussed
them in the past here in b.n. So, if
folks work to understand the stuff
I'll discuss in this post, doing so will
help folks understand 3-D E within
nervous systems. The Solution is
also interesting because it is, simul-
taneously a Solution of the "Navier-
Stokes CMI "Millenium" Problem.]

Tornadoes form be-cause of flow-
dynamics that I've discussed reiterat-
ively while discussing the basics of
Tapered Harmony.

Basically, they occur be-cause, when-
ever there're large-scale atmospheric-
pressure variations, there's =always= an
inside-to-outside volume/surface-area
[V/Ar] differential that acts upon any
and all atmospheric flows. [The "V/Ar"
is a Hugely-useful "function" that's at
the "heart" of Tapered Harmony, and
I've discussed it, pretty-thoroughly, in
long-former msgs, and in the more-re-
cent reiteration of "Tapered Harmony
Primer" thread, so I'll trust that anyone
who wants to understand the way the
"V/Ar" will be used in this post, will've
read, and understood, those prior dis-
cussions, or will do a Groups Google[tm]
to find, and read, them.]

Basically, tornado formation reduces,
Rigorously, to the "V/Ar" -- because
of the flow-differential noted above.

To see this, imagine a bunch of stuff
[any stuff] that has a "pressure"-cor-
relate relative to other stuff that it
"rubs-against".

It doesn't matter what the relative
pressures are. What matters is the
stuffs' freedoms to move.

And such freedom to move, of the
Earth-local atmosphere, becomes
diminished whenever two "weather
fronts" encounter each other.

Sort of like this [looking down at the
surface of Earth from above]:

>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>|   | ||| |   |<<<<<<<<<<

only not so "orthogonal" :-]

The ">" and "<" denote directed-flows,
and the "|" denote "relative pressure",
which is 'just' a "V/Ar" variation [a "var-
var" :-]

If you were a "|" in the 'diagram' above,
how would you move?

The ">" and "<" are "pressuring" you, so
you can't move in their directions, but,
since they are "pressuring" you, you're
getting pretty "pressured", and that
crams more atmospheric stuff into a
given volume of "you" -- so you're be-
coming relatively capable of "moving".

But you can't move against the ">" and
the "<" be-cause they're "pressuring"
you, and you move downward because
there's relatively-solid Earth in that dir-
ection, but you can move up, perpend-
icular, out of the CRT screen.

That's exactly what happens in Torn-
adoes, only ["of course"] in a much
more "wild-and-woolly" way.

Basically it's the same low-dynamics
that occur whenever you stir stuff to
mix it -- there's a pressure differential
that builds in the direction toward
which you move your stirring instrument
[your spoon in your soup :-], and the
"pressured" stuff, there, has a larger
V/Ar than does the stuff "behind" your
stirring instrument -- so, in proportion
to the "pressure" it experiences, that
"pressured" stuff flows, increasingly [!]
in any direction other than the direction
in which you're applying "pressure"
with your stiring instrument.

[Gees, it's so easy to diagram this stuff,
but hard to describe it in words because
it's directions are myriad -- but always
relatively away from the max-pressure
"point". You'll have to stir some fluid
stuff, and watch its flowing away from
your spoon :-]

The "pressured" stuff "piles-up", to a
degree, relative to the rest of the fluid,
all in a way that's rigorously-directed
relative to the source of the "pressure"
build-up, your spoon.

It's exactly analogous to the building
of the little "mounds" in the "Shampoo
Experiment".

Anyway, the myriad directionalities
of this moving-away-from-max-"pressure"
flow =all= reduce directly to the V/Ar.

Within this, pressure-wave resonance
are established -- pressure builds until
its V/Ar is sufficient to overpower the
pressuring-flow, and then it "depres-
surizes" [in ways that're Exactly-anal-
ogous to the way that the building of the
little "mounds" in the Shampoo Exper-
iment build-up to the point at which they
can eject a little "squirt" of shampoo], and
this happens chaotically-but-cyclically
[with everything being mapped Exactly,
right down to sub-'atomic' levels, BTW -- 
no so-called "randomness", and no so-
called "uncertainty".]

But these pressure-wave resonances
are tuned by the power of the presur-
izing flows, and, if and when, the pres-
surizing flows become great enough,
the "depressurization"-flow transitions
from being 'sporadic' to being continu-
ous -- be-cause the net pressure dyn-
amics have built-up a globally-positive
V/Ar -- an energy-"sink" that, just
like your kitchen sink, when you fill it
with water, takes a period of 'time' to
drain completely [a really-long 'time'
if your kitchen sink is like mine :-]

And a "tornado" is formed.

At this point, the atmospheric pressure-
flows literally become a macroscopic
'atom', with all of the energy 'contained'
within the tornado reducing directly, and
Exactly, to the V/Ar. [Which is why I
worked-through this Solution -- I saw
that I could give folks a fairly-easy way
to see the "V/Ar", and how it works in
Tapered Harmony and in the 3-D E of
nervous systems' ionic conductances.]

It doesn't matter if, as was pointed out
in the =Nova= episode, there're small
currents in the mix.

What matters is that there's a relatively-
localized pressure-differential. That's all
that's necessary to induce the V/Ar dyn-
amics which are discussed [in an overly-
simplified way] above.

This's True be-cause, when there's a
relatively-localized pressure-differential,
such =always= imposes a 'side'-to-'side'
V/Ar differential upon any flows coming
into it -- which induces "moving away
from" flows relative to the point of max-
pressure.

Come to think of it, the pressure-differential
that instantiates tornadoes is probably a
=minimum=. It makes no net divverence.
Just invert all the directionalities [well,
there is a one-bit difference :-]

Anyway, what forms tornadoes is the
occurrence of 'side'-to-'side' "pressure"-
differentials, which, =BE-CAUSE= of
the V/Ar, acquire a group discipline that
shapes =all= local atmospheric flows
with respect to the =one= V/Ar, which
yields a continuous, unitarily-directed
atmospheric-flow.

The "continuous-unitarily-directed"-ness
derives =SOLELY= in the V/Ar.

"Lightning", including upper-atmospheric
electrical phenomena like "sprites" and
"elves",  happens for the same reasons.

When a "lightning bolt" occurs, it literally
traces the "borders" of atmospheric re-
gions that're analogous to "crumpled",
but still-relatively-formed, "paper bags".
Here, the "crumpling" occurs be-cause
of pressure-differentials with "sharp-edges",
for the same reasons as above. It's all the
V/Ar, but, in the case of "lightning", the
energy transforms from "mechanical" to
"electrical", =literally= under the guid-
ance of the V/Ar :-]

So, if folks want to Predict tornadoes,
a setup that'd work can be created out
of relatively-inexpensive, battery-backed-
up [solar-photo-electrically-charged],
uniquely-identifies, "sending-barometers".
Connect them, wirelessly, to the Inter-
net.

Locate these on a grid that's as fine-
scale as is practical, and they'll enable
real-'time' reading of the V/Ar in pseudo-
3-D [the 3rd-D being derivable because
Earth is 'solid', relative to the atmosphere
[which is only in-the-ball-park-'true' be-
cause it's actually the UES that's flowing,
and movement within Earth that's correlated
to tornadoes definitely occurs, only extreme-
ly-less than in the atmosphere.]

Such a setup would permit the continual
calculation of area-wide V/Ar, and enable
Exact tornado Prediction.

There is one "problem", however, because
pressure-differentials can occur at distances
above the surface of Earth, and an Earth-
bound barometric grid wouldn't give a
long-enough lead-'time' with respect to
these, even though the same V/Ar dyn-
amics apply.

But there're relatively-inexpensive ways
to monitor higher-level V/Ar. It should
be doable via laser interferomety, for
instance -- be-cause atmospheric pres-
sure variations act as "lenses" [you know -- 
why the stars "twinkle"]. [Might create a
hazard for Pilots, though -- "infrared" lasers?
If this "upper"-atmosphere pressure-dif-
ferential-problem can be solved, without
blinding Pilots, then that solution would
make Flying safer -- because the same
grid would map "downdrafts", and it's
info could be relayed to airplanes in real-
'time'.

Anyway, "Tornadoes" are 100% V/Ar,
as above.

[It's the same-stuff that I discussed, in the
"Tapered Harmony Primer" thread, with
respect to Earth's rotation. And, as I ex-
plained in long-former posts, it's the same-
stuff that underpins what's been referred
to as "spin" in 'nuclear' Physics, and it's
=everywhere= within the 3-D E of nerv-
ous systems.]

[I'm too-'tired' to reread this before I post
it. Please Forgive me if it's full of typos,
left-out words and phrases, as usual. I'm
always 'tired' these days, and "nothing
touches the tired spot" [A. Lincoln]].

[If anyone wants to see the computer
Verification, that can happen, in-person.
It's really-Simple. Basically, a "corralled"
V/Ar imposes stereotypically-ordered
motion upon everything that interacts with
it. What I calculated is the way that cor-
ralled cell-to-cell interactions =always=
"build-in-the-middle of the corral" -- 
yielding a "mountain" where mutual-interac-
tion is maximized -- be-cause of the V/Ar,
as above. It was easy to program because
I've done a g'zillion other programs 'like'
it. Got it on the first try. One doesn't
need a "supercomputer". One just Needs
the V/Ar :-]

K. P. Collins






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