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Sun Apr 10 15:49:38 EST 2005

Universal knowledge for the people.  
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Historical Information Only, No liability or warranty, express or
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These are remedies which possess the property of destroying
intestional worms, or of expelling them from the intestional canal.
The only worms whose presence in the intestional canal is so common,
that the remidies for their destruction and expulsion require special
notice, are the two varieties of tapeworm known as (Taenia solium) and
(Taenia mediocanellata), or the hooked and the hookless Tapeworm
(q.v.) the (Ascaris lumbricoides), or large round worm, and the
(Ascaris) or (oxyuris vermicularis), or (small threadworm). A few of
this class of medicines are said to be useful in destroying all these
kinds of worms - viz., the tapeworms, the round worms, and the
threadworms. In this category, we may place (Absinthium) or
(wormwood), whose effects are doubtful; (Sabadilla), or (Cevadilla);
(Santinica), or (worm-seed), and its active principle, (Santonin)
(q.v.). As in our notices of the different human entozoa, we have
referred to this for the appropriate treatment of each, we will
commence, in consequence of its greater importance, with the remidies
that have been recommended in tapeworm, ranging them according to the
repute in which they stand. (1.) The root of the male shield-fern
(Aspidium filix mas), of which the best preparation is the 'Liquid
extract of Fernroot' of the (Pharm. Br.). It may be taken in the
morning before breakfast, in doses of a scruple, in the form of an
emulsion with yelk of egg, syrup of orange-peel, and water; and if the
worm does not come away in six hours, a brisk purgative should be
administered. Generally, however, it is expelled by a single dose, in
the mass, and without pain or much uneasiness. (2.) (Cusso) or
(Kousso), the flowers of (Brayera anthelmintica), in doses of from
half-an-ounce to an ounce of the flowers (infused for a quarter od an
hour in ten ounces of warm water and a little lemon juice), or of four
ounces of the infusion of the (Pharm. Br.), and following in four
hours, if it has not acted, by a dose of castor oil, is a safe and
very sure remedy. (3.) Decoction of the bark of the root of the
Pomegranite tree (Granati radix). (4.) The seeds of the common pumpkin
(Cucurbita pepo). All these medicines should be taken fasting, or
after a light supper on the previous evening.
Formost amongst the remedies for (Ascaris lumbricoides), Dr. Cobbold
places (Santonin) (q.v.); but kamela is also very effacious in doses
from one to two drachms every four hours. Dr. Waring, gives a long
list of remidies employed with success in the East, but unknown in
this country. (Ascaris vermicularis), or the (threadworm), is more
successfully attacked locally in the rectum by injection than
medicines administered in the ordinary method. Amongst the best forms
of enemata are injections of salt and water, with an infusion of
quassia with great advantage. The most annoying symptoms occasioned by
these worms, the intense itching about the lower part of the bowel,
especially in the evening and at night, is best relieved by the
introduction of a little mercurial ointment within the verge of the
anus, when the victim retires to rest.


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