[Plant-education] Re: Plant-ed Digest, Vol 21, Issue 9 Back to the dark days

David Alan Walker via plant-ed%40net.bio.net (by d.a.walker At sheffield.ac.uk)
Wed Jan 17 15:15:25 EST 2007

I accept that I have nothing of contemporary interest to add to what has
already been suggested in this regard but, for those who are still
interested in the manner in which plant physiology has changed in the last
half century, I feel obliged to mention  this entry in 'Scirus'

 "The very successful textbook, Plant Physiology (Churchill) by Meirion
Thomas was first published in 1935 and underwent several reprints and
editions, becoming the plant physiology "bible" of botany departments
throughout the..."

Never heard of 'Scirus'? <http://www.scirus.com/srsapp/> Neither had I until
recently but it is a scientific  search engine that is so good that it fills
me with awe, hope and fear simultaneously.

Never heard of Meirion Thomas?  A great man. Father of 'Crassulacean Acid
Metabolism'. On his native heath known, very properly, as "Thomas the Book"
to distinguish him from every third man in Wales who is either Evans, Jones
or Thomas.

best regards


>From David Walker, FRS., Emeritus Professor of Photosynthesis, University of
Sheffield, UK. 

On 17/1/07 5:02 pm, "plant-ed-request At oat.bio.indiana.edu"
<plant-ed-request At oat.bio.indiana.edu> wrote:

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> Today's Topics:
>  1. Re: plant physiology textbooks? (David R. Hershey)
>  2. Pressure Bomb Lab (Sustainable Rider)
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> Message: 1
> Date: 15 Jan 2007 15:44:43 -0800
> From: "David R. Hershey" <dh321 At excite.com>
> Subject: [Plant-education] Re: plant physiology textbooks?
> To: bionet-plants-education At magpie.bio.indiana.edu
> Message-ID: <1168904682.813866.188680 At q2g2000cwa.googlegroups.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"
> Hopkins & Huner (2003) and Taiz & Zeiger (2006) seem to be the two main
> choices for a recent plant physiology text. Salisbury and Ross (1992)
> and Mohr and Schopfer (1995) are older texts that are still available.
> There are also several recent texts from India (Jain 2005, Pradhan
> 2000, Sharma 2004, Sinha 2004). A landscape plant physiology course at
> the University of Tennessee uses Williams (2002) as the main text.
> Landscape Plant Physiology course at University of Tennessee
> http://plantsciences.utk.edu/plsc348/syllabus.htm
> The field of plant physiology has changed dramatically since I earned a
> Ph.D. in the subject in 1986. Molecular biology techniques are standard
> in much of plant physiology research so students need to be exposed to
> that kind of research somewhere in the curriculum. North Carolina State
> University has a junior level course in Whole Plant Physiology and a
> senior level course in Plant Physiology, which covers the biochemical,
> cell and molecular aspects. Older, but still relevant information is
> always being displaced from textbooks to make room for new knowledge.
> Meyer et al. (1973) had a table of stomatal densities for 39 species,
> which I have often found useful as a reference. Some newer plant
> physiology texts do not even have the term stomatal density in their
> index.
> In the first plant physiology course I took, the instructor provided
> typed lecture notes (with a few blank sections that students had to
> fill in during the lectures), and the text was used mainly for
> background reading. There are instructors who use Taiz and Zeiger's
> text and still seem to cover mainly traditional plant physiology
> topics:
> Plant Physiology course at College of St. Benedict/St. John's
> University
> http://employees.csbsju.edu/SSAUPE/biol327/327-home.htm
> Plant Physiology course at University of Minnesota, Crookton
> http://sunny.crk.umn.edu/courses/biol/BIOL3131/
> Plant Physiology: Plants in Action course at University of Western
> Australia
> http://www.fnas.uwa.edu.au/__data/page/88361/1_PLNT2201__Plant_Physiology_Plan
> ts_in_Action_0106.pdf
> The shift away from organismal coverage is an ongoing problem. Many
> biology departments long ago shifted from a two-semester zoology and
> botany sequence to a two-semester biology sequence that minimized
> organismal topics and especially plant topics.
> An instructor can add more organismal coverage with supplementary
> reading material. The journal, Plant Physiology, has all articles over
> a year old online for free. Many of the older articles deal with whole
> plant physiology and are not overly technical. American Journal of
> Botany, Physiologia Plantarum, Botanical Gazette, Annals of Botany, New
> Phytologist, and other journals have older articles on whole plant
> physiology. Salisbury and Ross (1992) had a chapter on "Photosynthesis:
> Environmental and Agricultural Aspects" and several relevant essays on
> organismal topics. The New Phytologist has dozens of Tansley Reviews
> available free online. Professor Saupe has an informative webpage on
> why sap flows in sugar maple.
> Biology of Maple Sap Flow
> http://employees.csbsju.edu/ssaupe/biol327/Lab/maple/maple-sap.htm
> Other relevant organismal topics might be
> - Cut flower physiology, including preservatives to extend vase life of
> cut flowers
> - Post harvest physiology of fruits and vegetables
> - Photoperiod control for commercial flower production
> - Physiology of carnivorous plants, including Charles Darwin's work
> - Phytoremediation of contaminated soils
> - Irrigation water quality effects on plant growth
> - Container soil physical property effects on plant growth
> - Forcing flower bulbs
> - Commercial acclimatization of houseplants
> - Commercial use of chemical plant growth retardants, such as Alar
> - Carbon dioxide enrichment in commercial greenhouses
> - What physiological problems occur when plants are grown in the space
> station?
> - Why is a plant in an outside container killed over the winter but the
> same species planted in the ground survives?
> - Why don't houseplant fertilizers (e.g. Miracle-Gro) work in
> hydroponics?
> - Why is distilled water harmful to plant roots?
> - Is there any basis for widespread claims that music or talking
> affects plant growth?
> - Is there any basis for widespread claims that hydroponic crop
> production gives much higher yields than crop production in soil?
> - Why do many deciduous oak trees retain their dead leaves over the
> winter?
> - Why do many ornamental trees and shrubs bloom in midwinter in the
> Northeastern U.S. when the winter is mild?
> - Who are some famous plant physiologists? (the journal Plant
> Physiology had a series of brief biographies of famous plant
> physiologists.)
> David R. Hershey
> http://www.angelfire.com/ab6/hershey/bio.htm
> References
> Hopkins, W.G. & Huner, N.P.A. 2003. Introduction to Plant Physiology,
> 3rd ed. Wiley.
> Jain, V.K. 2005. Fundamentals of Plant Physiology, 8th ed. S. Chand &
> Co Ltd., India.
> http://schandgroup.com/extract/03020E.htm
> Meyer, B.S., Anderson, D.B., Bohning, R.H. and Fratianne, D.G. 1973.
> Introduction to Plant Physiology, 2nd ed. NY: D. Van Nostrand.
> Mohr, H. and Schopfer, P. 1995. Plant Physiology. Berlin:
> Springer-Verlag.
> Pradhan, S. 2000. Plant Physiology. Har Anand Publications, India.
> Salisbury, F.B. and Ross, C.W. 1992. Plant Physiology, 4th ed.,
> Wadsworth.
> Sharma, R. 2004. An Introduction to Plant Physiology. Campus Books
> International.
> Sinha, R.K. 2004. Modern Plant Physiology. Alpha Science International,
> Ltd
> Taiz, L. & Zeiger, E. (eds.). 2006. Plant Physiology, 4th ed. Sinauer.
> Teaching a Plant Physiology Laboratory Course for the First Time?
> http://www.aspb.org/education/teach_1st_time.cfm
> Williams, P. 2003. Digging Deeper: Understanding How Your Garden Works.
> Conran.
> Fisher, Roxanne wrote:
>> Dear Plant-ed folks:
>> What do you all think about plant physiology textbooks?  I am teaching
>> plant phys for the first time in a few years and I took a quick look at
>> the latest edition of Taiz and Zeiger and chose it.  Now I'm realizing
>> that this latest edition is really focused on molecular genetics and
>> high tech cell bio and doesn't cover the traditional topics in a more
>> organismal way.  Since many of my students are environmental science
>> students or sophomores who haven't had cell biology beyond intro bio,
>> this is not a good fit.  I do have an exam copy of Hopkins and Huner
>> which seems to be more balanced.  Any thoughts on these texts or
>> suggestions on other texts?
>> Thanks!
>> Roxanne
>> ************************************************************************
>> *********
>> Roxanne Fisher (rfisher At chatham.edu)
>> Assistant Professor of Biology
>> Buhl Hall
>> Chatham College
>> Woodland Road
>> Pittsburgh, PA 15232
>> (412)365-1893
>> ************************************************************************
>> *********
> ------------------------------
> Message: 2
> Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2007 14:43:29 -0500
> From: Sustainable Rider <sustainability At rider.edu>
> Subject: [Plant-education] Pressure Bomb Lab
> To: plant-ed At magpie.bio.indiana.edu
> Message-ID: <45AD2AE1.4010308 At rider.edu>
> Content-Type: text/plain; format=flowed; charset=ISO-8859-1
> At the last minute, I'm trying to devise a lab that allows students to
> use a pressure bomb to ask an interesting plant water potential question
> (this is my intro botany class I can't stop fiddling with).  I've got
> two pressure bombs and have to run this lab in late February.  I usually
> do this outdoors in a fall ecology class but that's not really an
> option  at this point. Anyone have any tried and trues they'd care to share?
> Laura Hyatt
> Rider University
> ------------------------------
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> End of Plant-ed Digest, Vol 21, Issue 9
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