BEN # 52

Adolf Ceska aceska at CUE.BC.CA
Wed Mar 10 10:45:00 EST 1993


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No. 52                            March 10, 1993

Address: aceska at cue.bc.ca         Victoria, B.C.
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BIOLOGICAL WEED CONTROL IN BRITISH COLUMBIA (Part 2 of 2)
From: Roy Cranston, B.C. Ministry of Agriculture 
                    <rcranston at galaxy.gov.bc>


 Weed/Bioagent            Order        Released     Attack Site 


ACROPTILON REPENS (RUSSIAN KNAPWEED)

Puccinia acroptili       Uredinales    naturalized leaf
Subanquina picridis      Tylenchida    1985        stem, leaf


CARDUUS ACANTHOIDES (PLUMELESS THISTLE)

Rhinocyllus conicus      Coleoptera    1979        seedhead     
Trichosirocalus horridus Coleoptera    1986        shoot
Urophora solstitialis    Diptera       1991        seedhead


CARDUUS NUTANS (NODDING THISTLE)

Rhinocyllus conicus      Coleoptera    1979        seedhead
Trichosirocalus horridus Coleoptera    1979        shoot
Urophora solstitialis    Diptera       1991        seedhead


CENTAUREA DEBAUXII (BROWN KNAPWEED)

Urophora jaceana         Diptera       1986        seedhead
Puccinia centaurea       Uredinales    naturalized leaf


CENTAUREA DIFFUSA (DIFFUSE KNAPWEED)

Agapeta zoegana          Lepidoptera   1982        root
Metzneria paucipunctella Lepidoptera   1985        seedhead
Pelochrista medullana    Lepidoptera   1982        root
Pterolonche inspersa     Lepidoptera   1986        root
Sphenoptera jugoslavica  Coleoptera    1976        root
Subanquina picridis      Tylenchida    1985        stem, leaf
Urophora affinis         Diptera       1971        seedhead
Urophora quadrifasciata  Diptera       1971        seedhead
Cyphocleonus achates     Coleoptera    1989        root
Larinus minutus          Coleoptera    1991        seedhead
Larinus obtusus          Coleoptera    1993?       seedhead


CENTAUREA MACULOSA (SPOTTED KNAPWEED)

Agapeta zoegana          Lepidoptera   1982        root
Cyphocleonus achates     Coleoptera    1987        root
Metzneria paucipunctella Lepidoptera   1973        seedhead
Pterolonche inspersa     Lepidoptera   1987        root
Sphenoptera jugoslavica  Coleoptera    1981        root
Urophora affinis         Diptera       1970        seedhead
Urophora quadrifasciata  Diptera       1970        seedhead
Pelochrista medullana    Lepidoptera   1988        root
Terellia virens          Diptera       1991        seedhead
Chaetorellia acrolophi   Diptera       1991        seedhead
Larinus minutus          Coleoptera    1991        seedhead
Larinus obtusus          Coleoptera    1993?       seedhead


CIRSIUM ARVENSE (CANADA THISTLE)

Altica carduorum         Coleoptera    1964        leaf
Ceutorynchus litura      Coleoptera    1975        shoots, crown
Urophora carduii         Diptera       1974        stem
Larinus planus           Coleoptera     ?          seedhead


CIRSIUM VULGARE (BULL THISTLE)

Rhinocyllus conicus     Coleoptera     1985        seedhead
Urophora stylata        Diptera        1973        seedhead
Trichosirocalus horridus Coleoptera    1991        shoot


CONVOLVULUS ARVENSIS (FIELD BINDWEED)

Chirida guttata         Coleoptera     1969
Metriona bicolor        Coleoptera     1969        leaf
Aceria convolvulii      Acarina        1991        stem, leaf


CYNOGLOSSUM OFFICINALE (HOUND'S-TONGUE)

Ceutorhynchus cruciger  Coleoptera     1993?       root


EUPHORBIA ESULA (LEAFY SPURGE)

Apthona nigriscutus     Coleoptera     1987        root
Apthona cyparissiae     Coleoptera     1986        root
Apthona flava           Coleoptera     1991        root
Hyles euphorbia         Lepidoptera    1966        leaf
Lobesia euphorbiana     Lepidoptera    1987        leaf
Spurgia esula           Diptera        1990        shoot tip


HYPERICUM PERFORATUM (ST. JOHNSWORT)

Agrilis hyperici        Coleoptera     1955        roots
Anaitis plagiata        Lepidoptera    1967        leaf
Aphis chloris           Homoptera      1979        stem, root
Chrysolina hyperici     Coleoptera     1951        leaf
Chrysolina quadrigemina Coleoptera     1951        leaf
Chrysolina varians      Coleoptera     1957        leaf
Zeuxidiplosis giardi    Diptera        1955        leaf


LINARIA DALMATICA (DALMATIAN TOADFLAX)

Calophasia lunula       Lepidoptera    1965        leaf
Brachypterolus pulicarius Coleoptera   naturalized seed
Mecinus janthinus       Coleoptera     1992        stem
Eteobalea intermediella Lepidoptera    1992        root


LINARIA VULGARIS (COMMON TOADFLAX)

Calophasia lunula       Lepidoptera    1963        leaf
Brachypterolus pulicarius Coleoptera   naturalized seed
Mecinus janthinus       Coleoptera     1992        stem
Eteobalea seratella     Lepidoptera    1992        root


LYTHRUM SALICARIA (PURPLE LOOSESTRIFE)

Hylobius transversovittatus Coleoptera 1993?       root
Galerucella calmeriensis   Coleoptera  1993?       leaf
Galerucella pusilla     Coleoptera     1993?       leaf


MATRICARIA MARITIMA (SCENTLESS CHAMOMILE)

Apion hookerii          Coleoptera     1992        seedhead


SENECIO JACOBAEA (TANSY RAGWORT)

Hylemya seneciella      Diptera        1970        seedhead
Longitarsus jacobaeae   Coleoptera     1971        root
Longitarsus flavicornis Coleoptera     1971        root
Tyria jacobaea          Lepidoptera    1962        leaf, stem
Cochylis atricapitana   Lepidoptera    1991        root


SONCHUS ARVENSIS (PERENNIAL SOW-THISTLE)

Cystiphora sonchi       Diptera        1992        leaf


TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS (PUNCTUREVINE)

Microlarinus lareynii   Coleoptera     1986        seed, leaf



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