Question - too tight seed coat

JWGruber jwgruber at
Sun Jul 31 09:41:04 EST 1994

Question - too tight seed coat


 I have just germinated a fairly precious seed from a batch of rare seeds
that were about 30 years old. Only one seed in 75 actually germinated
while pre-sprouting on paper towels, and this seed has sent up a shoot
about 1 cm above the soil surface. The cotyledons, however, are still
tightly bound within the seed coat which is encasing the top of the sprout
like a cap with no sign of splitting or cracking to allow the cotyledons
to emerge.  It has been about two days since emergence of the shoot. Any
advice or ideas on what (if anything) I could do to assist it in shedding
the seed coat ? Many thanks in advance for responses posted here or
e-mailed to me.  

John Gruber, Phila, PA

JWGruber at

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