BEN # 94
aceska at CUE.BC.CA
Sat Mar 4 10:48:56 EST 1995
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No. 94 March 7, 1995
aceska at freenet.victoria.bc.ca Victoria, B.C.
Dr. A. Ceska, P.O.Box 8546, Victoria, B.C. Canada V8W 3S2
BIOCONTROL OF SCRUB OAK ON NANTUCKET ISLAND, MASSACHUSETTS
From: Dr. Meindert de Jong <TPEjong at rcl.wau.nl>
Report on my visit to the University of Massachusetts Field
Station, Island of Nantucket (November 11-20, 1994).
I visited Dr. Wesley Tiffney, Director of the Field Station in
Nantucket <wtiffney at AOL.COM> During the first days of my visit,
I was guided all over the island. I could see the problem of
successional scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia) overgrowing heath
vegetation engendered by a long history of grazing, now ceased.
At the same time I observed several salt marshes and the native
New England plants growing on them. With the exception of
Limonium, the plants are different from those in The Nether-
lands, although the basic ecology is quite similar.
The original purpose of this visit was the organization of a
biocontrol trial of scrub oak. It was intended to inoculate some
just cut stubs of scrub oak with Chondrostereum purpureum,
silver leaf fungus, to suppress oak resprouting. Fungal prepara-
tions were to be provided by labs in Canada and The Netherlands.
Preliminary field results performed in The Netherlands had
already proved that the silver leaf fungus is an highly effec-
tive controller of resprouting in "American oak" (Q. rubra) and
many other hardwoods. However, it quickly became clear that this
purpose had to be changed since we were not allowed to import a
foreign fungus into this island. So I decided to provide some
information about possibilities of biological control using 'my'
mycoherbicide (using the fungus C. purpureum as if it was a
herbicide). Through a field survey, we would try to show natural
occurrence of this cosmopolitan fungus on Nantucket. sp Together
with Dr. Tiffney and Nantucket conservation land managers we
looked for the purple crusts (basidiocarps of C. purpureum) all
across the island. We finally found these crusts on piles of
firewood, imported from central Massachusetts, in the yard of a
Nantucket fuel merchant. Dr. Tiffney put samples in a moist
chambers in his lab.
This summer, students at the Field Station will seek to document
natural occurrence of C. purpureum on Nantucket island. If it
can be shown that the species is native there, then field trials
of the fungus used as a mycoherbicide for control of scrub oak
resprouting can be carried out.
This research was sponsored by Landbouw Export Bureau (Wagenin-
gen, NL). University of Massachusetts provided lodging
facilities and other in-kind compensation.
JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE: CIRCUMPOLAR ARCTIC VEGETATION
The Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 5(1994) published a
Special Feature issue on Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation. The
issue was based on contributions presented at the International
Workshop on Classification of Arctic Vegetation held at the
Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado,
Boulder, CO, 5-9 March 1992.
Table of contents:
Walker, M.D., Daniels, F.J.A. & van der Maarel, E.: Circumpolar
arctic vegetation - Introduction and perspective.
Yurtsev, B.A.: Floristic division of the Arctic.
Murray, D.F.: Floristics, systematics, and the study of arctic
vegetation a commentary.
Daniels, F.J.A.: Vegetation classification in Greenland.
Elvebakk, A.: A survey of plan associations and alliances from
Koroleva, N.E.: Phytosociological survey of the tundra vegeta-
tion of the Kola Peninsula, Russia.
Matyeva, N.V.: Floristic classification and ecology of tundra
vegetation of the Taymyr Peninsula, northern Siberia.
Razzhivin, V.Yu.: Snowbed vegetation of far northeastern Asia.
Walker, M.D., Walker, D.A. & Auerbach, N.A.: Plant communities
of a tussock tundra landscape in the Brooks Range
Talbot, S.S. & Talbot, S.L.: Numerical classification of the
coastal vegetation of Attu Island, Aleutian Islands,
Forbes, B.C.: The importance of bryophytes in the classification
of human-disturbed high arctic vegetation.
Sumina, O.I.: Plant communities on anthropogenically disturbed
sites on the Chukotka Peninsula, Russia.
Lloyd, A.H., Armbruster, W.S. & Edwards, M.E.: Ecology of a
steppe-tundra gradient in interior Alaska.
Odasz, A.M.: Nitrate reductase activity in vegetation below an
arctic bird cliff, Svalbard, Norway.
The issue is being published separately under the series
"Special Features in Vegetation Science." The price is around
300 SEK and it can be ordered from Opulus Press AB, Box 25 137,
750 25 Uppsala, Sweden.
NEW FIELD STATION IN KALIMANTAN TENGAH, INDONESIA
From: Carey Yeager <cyeager at murray.fordham.edu>, originally
posted on CONSLINK <CONSLINK%SIVM.BITNET at uga.cc.uga.edu>
The Rainforest Conservation Biology Group announces the
availability of new housing facilities at its field station in
Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. The field station is located at
Natai Lengkuas on the black water Sekonyer Kiri river in Tanjung
Puting National Park. Facilities include motor boats, two 10 m x
12 m buildings for housing and lab work, two 6 m x 6m houses for
permanent staff, a kitchen, four vegetation plots containing
over 2000 tagged trees and a trail system. The site contains a
combination of fresh water peat swamp, heath (kerangas) forest
and lowland dipterocarp forest. We have nine primate species in
the park (orangutan, gibbon, proboscis monkey, red leaf-eating
monkey, silver leaf-eating monkey, long-tailed macaques, pig-
tailed macaque, slow loris and, supposedly, tarsiers), mouse
deer, barking deer, civets, short-nosed fruit bats, false vam-
pire bats, binturang, false gavials, monitor lizards, Malaysian
sun bear, hornbills, kingfishers, storm's stork, arawana, etc.
Current research being conducted at the site focuses on the
impact of habitat degradation on primate group size, composi-
tion, ranging and feeding behavior, phytochemical differences in
food resources as predictors of food preferences, inter-group
communication, vegetation ecology and swamp forest restoration.
The field station works in close collaboration with the park
management on conservation issues and is run through the
auspices of Universitas Indonesia. All research is conducted in
accordance with Indonesian regulations. Research permits must be
obtained from LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) and PHPA
(Indonesian Department of Forest Conservation) and take ap-
proximately six months to obtain. Permission to work at the site
itself is made by the site operating committee and is contingent
upon housing availability. For more information concerning
research opportunities contact:
Before March 8, 1995 and after Sept. 1, 1995
Carey P. Yeager, Ph.D.
Director (U.S.) Rainforest Conservation Biology Group
Calder Center of Fordham University
Box K, 53 Whippoorwill Road
Phone: (914) 273-3078
Fax: (914) 273-6346
e-mail: cyeager at murray.fordham.edu
Between March 20, 1995 and August 9, 1995
Carey P. Yeager, Ph.D.
Rainforest Conservation Biology Group
D/A Losmen Abadi
Pangkalan Bun 74114
Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia
Fax: (62)(532) 21923 or 21919
(commercial - often turned off at night - a fax will take 3 days
to one week to reach the station)
SCIENCE CONTRACT REPORTS - INTERIOR COLUMBIA BASIN ECOSYSTEM
From: Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project
(ICBEMP), 112 E. Poplar Street, Walla Walla, Washington.
Phone: 509-522-4030. ICBEMP Electronic Library: 509-522-
The following reports are currently available:
Chatterton, N. Jerry, Deane Harrison, Richard Page and Michael
Curto. 1994. Introduced Forage Grasses. (77 pages)
Clark, Patrick E. 1994. Livestock-Big Game Interactions: A
Selected Review with Emphasis on Literature from the
Interior Pacific Northwest. (109 pages)
Eversman, Sharon. 1994. Lichens of the Yellowstone Ecosystem.
Hammer, Samuel. 1995. The Biogeography and Ecology of Species in
the Lichen Genus Cladonia in the Columbia River Basin. (77
Hammond, Paul C. 1994. Rare Butterfly Assessment for the Colum-
bia River Basin in the Pacific Northwest. (15 pages)
Hammond, Paul C. 1995. Butterflies and Their Larval Foodplants
as Bioindicators for Ecosystem Monitoring in the Pacific
Northwest. (38 pages)
Ingham, E. R. 1995. Soil Organisms, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa,
Nematodes and Rotifers. (93 pages)
Kaltenecker, Julie. 1994. Microbiotic Soil Crusts in Sagebrush
Habitats of Southern Idaho. (60 pages)
Kemp, William P. 1994. Rangeland Grasshoppers (Orthoptera:
Acrididae) of Concern to Management of the Columbia River
Basin. (51 pages)
Lattin, John D. 1995. The Hemiptera:Heteroptera of the Columbia
River Basin, Western United States. (57 pages)
McCune, Bruce. 1994. Lichen Species Groups in the Columbia Basin
Ecosystem Functions and Indicator Values. (52 pages)
McCune, Bruce. 1994. Lichen Species Groups in the Columbia Basin
Ecosystem Functions and Indicator Values. Appendix: Lichen
Database Listing for Columbia Basin. (209 pages)
McIver, James, J. R. LaBonte and R. Crawford. 1994. Terrestrial
Invertebrate Predators of the Columbia River Basin: An
Assessment. (74 pages)
McNeal, Dale W. 1995. Report on Allium Columbia Basin Scientific
Assessment Project. (25 pages)
Miller, Jeffrey C. 1994. Assessment of Invertebrates of the
Columbia River Basin: Understory Herbivores (Lepidoptera).
Muehlchen, Andrea M. 1994. Eastside Ecosystem Management
Project: Functional Groups of Bacteria. (53 pages)
Rasmussen, Christine. 1994. Riparian Community and Bank Response
to Management: A Comparison of Old and New Surveys in the
Prineville District, BLM. (41 pages)
Ross, Darrell W. 1995. Report on Bole and Branch Herbivores. (86
Schowalter, Timothy D. 1994. Coarse Woody Debris Chewers in the
Columbia River Basin. (12 pages)
Sheley, Roger L., ed. 1994. The Identification, Distribution,
Impacts, Biology and Management of Noxious Rangeland
Weeds. (368 pages)
Wagner, Michael R. and Joel D. McMillin. 1994. Eastside Ecosys-
tem Assessment Project: Role of Canopy Herbivores. (197
Wicklow-Howard, Marcia C. 1994. Fungi from the Owyhee Region of
Southern Idaho and Eastern Oregon. (40 pages)
Wicklow-Howard, Marcia C. 1994. Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae
from Sagebrush Steppe Habitat in Western Idaho and Parts
of Eastern and Central Oregon. (37 pages)
Williams, John D. 1994. Microbiotic Crusts: A Review. (63 pages)
Reports are available from:
Walla Walla Xerographic
2 E. Rose Street, Walla Walla, WA 99362
Attn: ICBEMP Request
Verbal and written requests for processing will be assessed the
following costs when applicable:
Cost for duplication is $0.06 per page;
Tax is 7.8%;
Handling cost is $1.00; and
Shipping charges will vary depending on weight of materials.
Payment may be made by check, Visa or Mastercard payable to
"Walla Walla Xerographic".
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