BEN # 270

Adolf Ceska aceska at victoria.tc.ca
Thu Jun 7 16:29:11 EST 2001


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BBBBB    EEEEE    NN N N             BOTANICAL
BB   B   EE       NN  NN             ELECTRONIC
BBBBB    EEEEEE   NN   N             NEWS

No. 270                              June 7, 2001

aceska at victoria.tc.ca                Victoria, B.C.
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 Dr. A. Ceska, P.O.Box 8546, Victoria, B.C. Canada V8W 3S2
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EPHEMERAL  INTRODUCTIONS  OF  VASCULAR  PLANTS AROUND VANCOUVER,
   BRITISH COLUMBIA (PART 2)
From: Frank Lomer <flomer at aicompro.com>

[See BEN # 238, January 11, 2000 for Part 1]

During the last thirteen years, I have collected  the  following
species  in the Vancouver area. None are native in this area and
although a few have persisted as single plants for  many  years,
they  have not spread from their original locations. The voucher
specimens are deposited in the University  of  British  Columbia
herbarium (UBC).

_Ambrosia trifida_ L. - ASTERACEAE

   Loc.:  Railroad  switching yard east of North Rd., Coquitlam.
   Nov. 7, 1988; F. Lomer #88-201.

   A tall annual (ragweed) from eastern North America  notorious
   as  a source of hay fever. It doesn't generally grow in B.C.,
   but occasionally it will show up along railroad tracks or  on
   soil  dumps.  Also  collected  in a Vancouver garden by Terry
   Taylor (T. Taylor #88-4) on Sep. 4, 1988 with a note, "intro-
   duced with wild bird seed from bird feeder."

_Artemisia frigida_ Willd. - ASTERACEAE

   Loc.: Lougheed Highway (Highway # 7) near  Coleman  Rd.,  Co-
   quitlam. Not collected.

   A  common  plant  in  and east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains
   throughout B.C. A single clump persisted  for  more  than  10
   years on a dry grassy embankment on the south side of Highway
   #  7. Occasionally it was mowed completely to the ground, but
   it always came back.

_Aster_ - see _Symphyotrichum_ - ASTERACEAE

   Dr.  John  Semple  kindly  checked  the   identification   of
   "_Aster_" specimens and send us the following comment:

      "All  of  the  species [of the specimens sent for iden-
      tification] belong in the genus  _Symphyotrichum_.  DNA
      work shows clearly that _Aster_ is a strictly Old World
      genus. All NA Astereae fall into a single group and the
      'asters'  are  in  about  a dozen genera that are basal
      members of half a dozen distinct lines  within  the  NA
      clade.  Obviously North Americans are not going to like
      this, but it does mean that continued use of the  genus
      name  Aster  for  native  NA species is unjustified ...
      unless inertia is an acceptable reason for not adopting
      the new classification!"

   [BEN and inertia? - I moved all Frank  Lomer's  "_Aster_"  in
   _Symphyotrichum_, like it or not. - AC]

_Cynodon dactylon_ (L.) Pers. - POACEAE

   Loc.:  Railroad tracks running along Timberland Rd., south of
   Pattullo Bridge, Surrey. Oct. 12, 1990; F. Lomer # 90-183.

   Stoloniferous perennial grass (Bermuda grass) now  widespread
   throughout  the  world.  Common  in warm climates but rare in
   B.C. It seems it is one of a few weedy plants in  B.C.  which
   were  more  common  in  the  past  than they are today, e.g.,
   _Lolium temulentum_, _Euphorbia exigua_, _Oenothera perennis_
   and  _Agrostemma  githago_.  Seen  at  2  sites,  both   non-
   flowering,  though  vigorous  stolons were produced. Both did
   not survive due to disturbance.  Fruiting  plants  were  col-
   lected  by  J.R. Anderson from the outer wharf in Victoria in
   1898 and by V.C. Brink at UBC campus in 1946.

_Ericameria nauseosa_  (Pall.  ex  Pursh)  Nesom  &  Baird  var.
   _speciosa_ (Nutt.) Nesom & Baird - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Chrysothamnus nauseosus_ (Pall.) Britt.

   Loc.:   Railroad   track,   Front   St.  near  6th  St.,  New
   Westminster. Oct. 3, 1993; F. Lomer #93-297.

   A common shrub (rabbit-brush) in dry areas east of the Coast-
   Cascade Mountains in southern B.C.. A single clump  persisted
   for  more  than  10  years along the tracks next to the dock-
   yards. It was an attractive thriving plant until a few  years
   ago when trackside clearing and disturbance killed it.

_Erigeron flagellaris_ A. Gray - ASTERACEAE

   Loc.:  Sand  landfill  west  of  Timberland Rd., Surrey. July
   19,1994; F. Lomer #94-052.

   A fleabane with long whip-like stolons,  frequent  in  south-
   central  B.C.  around  the  Thompson-Fraser plateau. A single
   plant with many stolons grew on compacted sand dredgings from
   the Fraser river. _Erigeron flagellaris_ was  recently  found
   on  Texada  Island (between Vancouver Island and the mainland
   by Harvey Janszen, coll. no. 2740).  More  than  1000  plants
   grew  on an open rocky slope. It is not exactly weedy but can
   colonize dry open areas.

_Lobelia kalmii_ L. - CAMPANULACEAE

   Loc.: Sand landfill east of Timberland Rd., Surrey. July  19,
   1994; F. Lomer #94-158.

   Native  in  wet places east of the Coast-Cascade mountains in
   B.C. A  single  plant  grew  on  moist  sand  dredgings  with
   _Scirpus_,  _Juncus_,  _Epilobium_  and _Carex_ spp., most of
   which were also native east of the mountains.

_Lupinus angustifolius_ L. - FABACEAE

   Loc.: East edge of Burns Bog  near  railroad  tracks  and  72
   Ave., Delta. Sept. 20,1975; F. Lomer #75-1.

   Annual blue-flowered lupine sometimes grown as a forage crop.
   It was growing in a cleared peaty area. Not seen since.

_Mentzelia laevicaulis_ (Dougl.) T.&G. - LOASACEAE

   Loc.:  Sand  landfill  west of Timberland Rd., Surrey. August
   12, 1991; F. Lomer #91-198.

   A large-flowered biennial native east  of  the  Coast-Cascade
   mountains  in  southern B.C. A single thriving plant was col-
   lected on a large sand pile. Another plant was found  at  the
   same site on September 9,1998, F. Lomer #98-364.

_Mentzelia disperma_ Wats. - LOASACEAE

   Loc.:  Railroad  tracks on north side of Brunette river, west
   of North Rd., Burnaby. July 6,1991; F. Lomer #91-135.

   A small-flowered annual  native  east  of  the  Coast-Cascade
   mountains in southern B.C. Not normally a weedy species, five
   plants  were  found  growing between the railroad tracks with
   common weeds. Not seen since.

_Monolepsis nuttalliana_ (Schultes) Greene - CHENOPODIACEAE

   Loc.: New Westminster City Hall garden, 511 Royal  Ave.  June
   24, 1994; F. Lomer # 94-079.

   North  American  annual  weed  of  disturbed places. A single
   plant grew in a cultivated  rose  bed.  Apparently  the  only
   record for southwest B.C.

_Nicotiana attenuata_ Torrey - SOLANACEAE

   Loc.: Sand landfill west of Timberland Rd., about 1 km. south
   of Pattullo bridge, Surrey. July 19,1995; F. Lomer #95-039.

   _Nicotiana  attenuata_  (coyote tobacco) is extremely rare in
   B.C. It had not been collected for more than 50  years  until
   it  was discovered northeast of Osoyoos Lake in 1991 (see BEN
   # 125). Previous collections were from Spence's Bridge on the
   Thompson river and Lytton at the junction of the Thompson and
   Fraser rivers. A single plant was collected on the graded top
   of a large sand landfill next to the  Fraser  river.  It  was
   thriving and produced numerous flowers and abundant seed. The
   chances  of  seed  from  the  Lytton  or Spence's Bridge area
   falling off the relatively few  plants  that  possibly  still
   grow  in the area and making it somehow into the Fraser river
   and from there floating more than 250 km to  end  up  in  the
   sand  and mud of the Fraser delta and from there to happen to
   be sucked up by dredging lines to be deposited in a  suitable
   habitat  within  a  few  cm of the surface of a 5 m deep sand
   pile and then to be left undisturbed to germinate and not  be
   trampled,  graded,  chewed by rabbits or crowded by weeds and
   then  to  be seen by someone who feels it is worth picking is
   as incredible as this sentence is long. It is however, in  my
   opinion,  the most plausible explanation. I expect to find it
   some day in the Lytton area.

   Note: The Osoyoos population seems to  have  disappeared  (at
   least  for  now).  Sought  but  not  seen in 1999. _Nicotiana
   attenuata_ is sporadic from year to year  by  nature.  Unfor-
   tunately  a  huge vineyard has been planted next to where the
   coyote tobacco once grew.  Hundreds  of  acres  of  excellent
   desert-like sandy flats have been permanently destroyed.

_Origanum heracleoticum_ L. - LAMIACEAE

   Loc.: Railroad tracks under Pattullo Bridge, New Westminster.
   Oct. 7, 1996; F. Lomer #96-175.

   European  plant  (oregano) native to SE Europe. Much like _O.
   vulgare_ but with small  whitish  flowers  more  loosely  ar-
   ranged.  A single clump grew next to the track rails where it
   persisted for a few years. Probably of garden origin.  It  is
   reputedly a superior tasting herb than the common oregano.

_Salvia reflexa_ Hornem. - LAMIACEAE

   Loc.:  Edge  of  duck  pond  Jericho Park, Vancouver. Oct. 2,
   1994; F. Lomer #94-237.

   Annual herb, native to S. Central U.S.  and  Mexico.  It  oc-
   casionally  shows up around duck ponds where it is introduced
   as an impurity in commercial wild bird seed.  Also  collected
   by  G.B.  Straley  (#5856 ) on Sept. 10, 1989 at Lost Lagoon,
   Stanley Park, Vancouver, and on June 20, 1995 on a soil  pile
   in Burnaby (F. Lomer #95-053).

_Schoenocrambe linifolia_ (Nutt.) Greene - BRASSICACEAE

   Loc.:  Sand  dredgings  west of Timberland Rd., south of Pat-
   tullo Bridge, Surrey. June 22, 1998; F. Lomer #98-141.

   Native short-lived yellow-flowered perennial from SC  B.C.  A
   single plant in dredged sand. The only record for SW B.C.

_Silene conoidea_ L. - CARYOPHYLLACEAE

   Loc.:  Along railroad tracks, west of North Rd., Burnaby. May
   30, 1990; F. Lomer #90-039.

   A pink-flowered annual  weed  with  a  sticky  inflorescence,
   native  to Europe. A single plant grew in ballast between the
   track rails. The only other collection from  B.C.  was  7  km
   south  of  Oliver  in  the Okanagan Valley where a few plants
   grew along a dirt road; F. Lomer #96-034.

_Sporobolus cryptandrus_ (Torr.) Gray - POACEAE

   Loc.: Dredged sand landfill prior  to  construction  of  Sky-
   Train  at  Scott Road Station, Surrey. Aug 28, 1988; F. Lomer
   #88-147.

   Common native perennial grass in dry, often sandy places east
   of the coastal mountains. It will show up from time  to  time
   in  sand  dredgings.  Also collected along Hwy 7 in Coquitlam
   where it arose from road sweepings; F. Lomer #93-314.

_Sporobolus neglectus_ Nash - POACEAE

   Loc.: CN railyards, north of  116  Ave.,  Surrey.  Sept.  12,
   1995; F. Lomer #95-190.

   Weedy  eastern North American annual grass. A few plants grew
   in a bare gravely area with other annual grasses: _Sporobolus
   vaginiflorus_,  _Panicum  capillare_,  _P.  dichotomiflorum_,
   _Eragrostis  multicaulis_,  and _E. cilianensis_. This is the
   first collection from British Columbia.

_Symphyotrichum ciliatum_ (Ledebour) Nesom - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Aster brachyactis_ Blake

   Loc.: Sand landfill west of Timberland Rd., south of Pattullo
   Bridge, Surrey. Aug. 14, 1993; F. Lomer #93-224.

   _Symphyotrichum ciliatum_ is an annual rayless "aster" native
   east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains.  It  is  an  interesting
   fact  that seeds from plants typically found in the dry inte-
   rior of B.C. get washed many 100's of km  down  the  Thompson
   and  Fraser rivers eventually to emerge and sprout up in sand
   dredgings that are used as "preload" in boggy  ground  before
   building can commence. A single plant was found once.

_Symphyotrichum cordifolium_ (L.) Nesom - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Aster cordifolius_ L.

   Loc.:  CN  railyards  east  of  Main St., Vancouver. Oct. 12,
   1993; F. Lomer #93-319.

   An eastern North  American  species  similar  to  the  native
   _Symphyotrichum  ciliolatum_. A single clump grew in an aban-
   doned railcar loading dock in the vacant CN railyards next to
   the train station. It lasted a  few  seasons  but  eventually
   disappeared.

_Symphyotrichum frondosum_ (Nutt.) Nesom - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Aster frondosus_ (Nutt.) T.& G.

   Loc.: Sand landfill west of Timberland Rd., Surrey. Sept. 30,
   1994; F. Lomer #94-228.

   A native B.C. annual much like _Symphyotrichum ciliatum_, but
   with  small  white  (drying pink) ray flowers and a generally
   spreading  habit  unlike  the  very  upright  habit  of   _S.
   ciliatum_.  _Symphyotrichum  frondosum_ is of restricted dis-
   tribution in B.C.; known only from the south Okanagan  valley
   where  it  is  rarely found along receding lakeshores (Skaha,
   Vaseaux and Osoyoos lakes). A small patch was found in Fraser
   river sand dredgings where it grew in  compacted  depressions
   that  showed  traces  of  salty  deposits washed out from the
   surrounding sand (see "_Aster  frondosus_"  in  BEN  #  123).
   _Symphyotrichum  frondosum_  is  not  known  from the Fraser-
   Thompson drainage, but this collection is a  good  indication
   that  it  probably grows there. (The Okanagan drains into the
   Columbia River).

_Symphyotrichum lanceolatum_ (Willd.) Nesom  subsp.  _hesperium_
   (A. Gray) Nesom - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.:  _Aster hesperius_ A.Gray, _A. lanceolatus_ Willd. ssp.
   _hesperius_ (A.Gray) Semple & Chmielewski

   Loc.: CN railyards, Port Mann,  Surrey.  July  13,  1991;  F.
   Lomer #91-154.

   A  single small patch grew alongside the railroad access road
   at the edge of the grade beside a dry ditch. This is  a  wide
   ranging taxon in west - central North America that barely, if
   at all, crosses the Rocky mountains into B.C. in the Columbia
   valley.  Earlier reports of this species in B.C. need confir-
   mation. This collection may be the first for the province and
   it was clearly an introduction that did not  persist  due  to
   road grading or herbicide spraying.

_Symphyotrichum lateriflorum_ (L.) Loeve & Loeve - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Aster lateriflorus_ (L.) Britt.

   Loc.: Railroad tracks alongside Ewen Ave., Queensborough, New
   Westminster. Sept. 7, 1990; F. Lomer #90-151.

   Native to eastern North America and growing between the track
   rails. It was killed by herbicide spraying the next year. The
   only collection from B.C. and not seen since.

_Symphyotrichum novae-angliae_ (L.) Nesom - ASTERACEAE
   Syn.: _Aster novae-angliae_ L.

   Loc.:  CN railyards, north of Industrial Ave., Vancouver. Oct
   . 24, 1993; F. Lomer #93-326.

   An attractive plant with a glandular inflorescence native  to
   eastern  North  America. Cultivated forms are sometimes grown
   in gardens, but  this  plant  probably  arose  from  material
   originating  from  ballast  from railcars. A garden form with
   "double" ray flowers was collected Sep.  24,  1994  beside  a
   dirt boat launching track in Ladner in the Fraser delta where
   it grew at the edge of a marsh; F. Lomer #94-214. It probably
   originated from garden dumpings.

REFERENCES

Clapham,  A.R.,  T.G.  Tutin  &  D.M.  Moore. 1989. Flora of the
   British  Isles.  Cambridge   University   Press,   Cambridge,
   England.
Douglas, G.W. 1995. The Sunflower family (ASTERACEAE) of British
   Columbia. Vol 2. Royal B.C. Museum, Victoria, B.C.
Douglas,  G.W.,  G.B.  Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 1998-
   2000. Illustrated Flora of  British  Columbia.  Volumes  1-5.
   Ministry  of  Environment,  Lands and Parks, B.C. Ministry of
   Forests, Victoria, B.C.
Gleason, H.A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of
   northeastern  United  States  and  adjacent  Canada.  D.  Van
   Nostrand Co., New York, N.Y.
Hitchcock,  C.L.  &  A.  Cronquist.  1974.  Flora of the Pacific
   Northwest.  University  of  Washington   Press,   Seattle   ,
   Washington.
Tutin,  T.G., V.H. Heywood, N.A. Burges, D.M. Moore. D.H. Valen-
   tine, S.M. Walters, &  D.A.  Webb  (eds.).  1964-1980.  Flora
   Europaea. Volumes 1-5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,
   England.


DO YOU KNOW MOSS _BUCKIELLA UNDULATA_?

Ireland,  R.R.  2001.  _Buckiella_, a new genus in the Hypnaceae
   (Musci). Novon 11: 55-62.

"Abstract.  A  new  genus,  _Buckiella_,  is   segregated   from
_Plagiothecium_. The type species, _Buckiella undulata_ (Hedwig)
Ireland,  known [as _Plagiothecium undulatum_ (Hedwig) Schimper]
from western North America, Europe, China, and New  Guinea,  has
plants  with  strongly  undulate  leaves,  short,  inconspicuous
triangular  leaf  decurrencies,  minute,   granular,   cuticular
papilae covering the leaf cells, and wrinkled capsules. A second
species,  _B.  draytonii  (Sullivant)  Ireland,  endemic  to the
Hawaiian Islands, with undulate, nondecurrent leaves,  cuticular
papillae  on  the  leaf cells, and wrinkled capsules is also in-
cluded in the genus." This new  genus  is  named  in  honour  of
William R. Buck, New York Botanical Garden.


MORE ON _A RUM AFFAIR_ BY KARL SABBAGH
From: Dr. Doug Evans [evans at mnhn.fr]

I  was  interested  to  read your review of this book. I suspect
that a British, & particularly a Scottish, botanist  would  have
written  a  different  review.  All  the  points  about  feuding
botanists are quite valid but in this case there is more.

I was first aware of the story when I visited the  herbarium  at
the  RBG  Edinburgh to look at _Carex microglochin_ as part of a
final year project towards my BSc in 1981 or 82. This  plant  is
only known (within the UK) from a small area near Ben Lawers, on
very  calcareous schists at 800 m or above. But in the herbarium
was a sheet which  was  definitely  _C.  microglochin_  labelled
'Isle  of  Harris'.  Nowhere on Harris is there suitable habitat
for this arctic-alpine species. When I mentioned  this  find  to
several older Scottish botanists I was told the story related by
Sabbagh  in  his book. The specimen had been collected by Heslop
Harrison's brother in law. The story  was  well  known  but  had
never been put into print until recently.


COMMENTS ON "_A RUM AFFAIR_" BY KARL SABBAGH
From: Dr. M. Joe Harvey, 5061 Sooke Road, Victoria, B.C.
   Canada V9B 5B4

1.  I was fascinated by the subject matter since I was a student
at what was then called King's College, Newcastle  on  Tyne  and
then  nearby  Durham  City, 1954-1961. By the fact that I was in
the respective departments of Botany I  knew  practically  every
person  mentioned  in  the book - at least the northern ones. My
tutor at Newcastle was 'Wooly' Clark.

2. The Subplot (or is it the plot)
The book's central theme, I was surprised to see, is the British
class war. In this it seems a throwback to an outdated period of
snobbery that the Beveridge Commission attempted to  address  at
the  end  of WW2. The book is full of 'U' and 'non-U' references
that codify this snobbery. The terms U and non-U stand for Upper
class and Non-Upper Class. I forget who invented the terms but I
suspect it was Nancy Mitford. [See a note below. - AC]

As an example of a Non-U term I lost count how many  times  J.W.
Heslop-Harrison  was referred to as "the son of an iron worker".
The significance  of  this  curious  and  apparently  irrelevant
repetition, would be lost on anyone not brought up in the atmos-
phere  of  the  British  class  system that was pervasive in the
middle of the twentieth century. The whole social structure  was
(and still is) based on ancestry, accent and attending certain U
schools  and  universities. The aristocracy belong to this group
and the governing class is almost exclusively drawn from it.

The contrasting Non-U is referred to using certain  coded  words
such  as  'Northern',  Northern  accent', 'Redbrick university',
'Workers', 'Industry'. Apparently J.W. Heslop-Harrison's sin was
to be a self-made upstart of no breeding, from  the  North,  who
presumed  to  do  work which was the assumed bailiwick of others
from the south who were better equipped by a long  tradition  of
botany.

3. Asperger's Syndrome
J.W. Heslop-Harrison was an example of Asperger's Syndrome. This
is a fairly common brain-wiring syndrome where objects become of
intense interest while _people_ are accorded little recognition.
Albert  Einstein and Bill Gates are the commonly cited examples.
Such people are frequently attracted to science and  mathematics
but not, say, law or politics.

I  went  on  rambles  with the Northumberland and Durham Natural
History Society led by J.W. several times  and  his  ability  to
find  and  name  plants, insects and birds was phenomenal. I was
particularly left gasping by his facility with the forms of  the
_Rosa canina-villosa_ complex which were such a conspicuous part
of the Durham hedgerows. He was a polymath.

The  other  side  of the Asperger personality is the contrasting
inability to remember the names of people  by  looking  past  or
through  them. This leads to shyness, withdrawal and the feeling
on the part of observers that such people  are  'cold'  or  even
unfriendly.  This  seems  to  be behind many of the observations
noted in the book.

4. As for the 'facts' which are so missing from the book  I  can
add  little.  Yes,  I read the paper in Nature when I was a stu-
dent. As a group we thought  it  amusing  but  by  then  he  had
retired  from King's College. His colleague Katie Blackburn gave
her last lecture to my class of students  while  suffering  from
Parkinson's  Syndrome. She had worked with J.W. on the reproduc-
tive cytology of _Rosa canina_ and investigated  pollen  remains
on  the peat of the _Trapa natans_ fruit which he found floating
in a bog pool in the Hebrides.

5. All I can say in summary is that his ability to  observe  and
find  obscure  things  was  quite  amazing.  This  is typical of
Asperger subjects who are frequently misanthropes and,  in  this
case,  got  enormous  enjoyment  ranging  long  distances across
remote hillsides looking for obscure  plants  and  insects.  His
powers  of  observation  were  probably  greater  than  the vast
majority of naturalists of the time. Knowing him -  no  that  is
the wrong expression - _observing_ him as I did over a number of
years,  my  personal  bets  would be on him finding the disputed
plants where he said he did.


'U' AND 'NON-U' - ASK A LINGUIST
From:  Prof.  Geoffrey   Sampson   [geoffs at cogs.susx.ac.uk]   --
   originally posted at ask-ling at linguistlist.org;
   posted here with Prof. Sampson's kind permission

The  terms  originated  in  exchanges between the novelist Nancy
Mitford (_Love in a Cold Climate_, etc.) and the  linguist  Alan
Ross  --  I am not sure which of the two actually invented them.
They were intended in a fairly  lighthearted  way  to  pick  out
vocabulary  which  differentiated  people at different points on
the English class ladder at the time (the 1950s, I think). Then,
more than now, there were words whose use stamped the speaker as
lower-middle-class or below,  as  opposed  to  the  words  which
someone  from  the upper-middle-class or above would use for the
same things -- for instance,  I  think  "serviette"  (a  word  I
haven't heard for a long time) was non-U, v. "[table] napkin" as
the corresponding U term. Nancy M and Alan R produced long lists
of these pairs.

Subsequently,  the  picture  has  been  overlaid  by the greatly
increased influence of American English on British English;  the
words  that  are  usual  in the USA sometimes happen to coincide
with the term that was U in England, and sometimes with the term
that was non-U, in a random pattern I imagine, but the power  of
America  "lifts" the status of its words in England even if they
were previously non-U.

I get into mild trouble at home on this, because I lived in  the
USA  for  several  years  in my twenties and sometimes use terms
which are deprecated by other members of  the  family,  for  in-
stance  I am chided for talking of the "living room" rather than
the "sitting room" -- this may be because of my  non-U  upbring-
ing,  but  I  think in fact in this case it is because Americans
call it "living room" and after a while in the USA  I  got  con-
fused  about what to call it, and I suspect that this particular
pair of terms is no longer any sort of social marker in  England
since others see American films, etc.


AND ALSO _YEW AND NON-YEW_
From: Adolf Ceska [aceska at victoria.tc.ca]

Bartholomew, James. 1996. Yew & non-Yew: Gardening for horticul-
   tural climbers. Century Books Ltd., London. 159 p. ISBN 0-07-
   1267705-4 [hard cover] GBP 9.99
   Available from: Century Books, Ltd., 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road,
   London, SW1V 2SA

Now  I  finally  understand  the  pun.  If you are interested in
gardening, this is the "authoritative guide to the great  social
division in British gardening."

"James Bartolomew treats garden snobbery with robust good humour
in  this witty, funnily illustrated book. With vital information
on a host of subjects including the  top  ten  Yew  and  NON-YEW
gardens in Britain, a questionnaire to to determine just how Yew
is your garden, a calendar for garden snobs," etc., etc.
[From the book's dust jacket, or should I say, a wrapper? - AC]

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