Peroxidase-based chemiluminescence - best choice?

Dr E. Buxbaum EB15 at le.ac.uk
Thu Mar 20 05:51:39 EST 1997


klenchin at facstaff.REMOVE_TO_REPLY.wisc.edu (Dima Klenchin) wrote:

>our lab is finally moving from I-125 to ECL-based Westerns. 
>While I am sure every kit works, I am wondering what you guys
>would recommend to use most. Right now we can think of a reagents from
>Boehringer, Amersham, Pierce and NEN. Of course, other things
>being equal, the cheaper the better. 

If you do not require the absolute highest sensitivity you may want to try the 
Diaminobenzidine/Nickel method. Peroxidase turns the DAB into a redish 
precipitate, which reduces the Ni2+ ions to elementary nickel, giving a black 
precipitate directly on the blot. As you can (particularily on PVDF membranes) 
incubate for 2 h or more if required, the loss of sensitivity compared to ECL 
is not that big, but the method is a lot simpler and cheaper.

Mix 4 ml of Ni buffer (3.03 g Tris-HCl pH 7.6 , 7.3 g NaCl, 0.475 g NiCl2 * 6 H2O 
ad 100 ml) with 1 ml 10% DAB (carefull with that stuff), 35 ml water and 2 ul 30% 
H2O2 and pour onto your blot. Spots should develope in a few minutes to 2 h, 
depending on concentration of your antigen. When you have optimal signal, stop 
the reaction by washing the blot with 2-3 changes of distilled water. 

There is a Au/Ag amplification step described for this method to increase 
sensitivity, but in my hands it does not work very well, it is also not normally 
required.




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