Andrew V. Goodkov biol at
Thu Jun 12 17:28:05 EST 1997

1997. It is in Russian, English annotation is quoted below. The edition is
quite small, but the very interesting and important rules of a nature are
formulated in this paper. Everyone, who will become interested, may address on
post address to Prof. Dr. L.N.Seravin (see below) or connect with me by
e-mail ( good at ).



Biological Research Institute of St.Petersburg State University,
Oranienbaum road 2, Stary Peterhof, St.Petersburg, 198904 RUSSIA

I. The nature of information

The work is devoted to the critical analysis of quantitative information
theory and presentation of the basis of qualitative information theory. The
following definitions of idea of "information" are given in presented work.
"Information is the existence of phenomena in material form, not typical for
their nature, and for more detailed wording: information is the existence of
real or unreal phenomenon as reflection, image or report". In the other words,
the information is presented as  nondirect existence of phenomena. The main
reason of difficulties in understanding of information nature is in its dual
character. It always belongs to certain material (substantial or energetic)
transmitters, though does not follows their nature. Thus, information is that
"ideal", which nature the phylosophists and psychologists have tried and are
trying to clarify. In living organisms, already possessing emotions,  the
information becomes the psychical "ideal".  The "ideal" beyond the bounds of
such organisms is perceived as something simple, ordinary , especially when it
exists in the form of prints and images. The destroying of ideal
mythologization begins from that moment when the investigator starts
understanding the "ideal" to appear in nature earlier than psychical one and
may exist beyond the psychics.

II. Qualitative principles if information

The following laws of information are substantiated and formulated:

1. The principle of primary information origin. The primary information arises
as the content of images (or reports) which are formulated in the result of
interaction of reflecting object (phenomenon) with other objects (phenomena).
The images (or reports) are isomorphic to reflected object (phenomena).

2. The principle of information disappearance (unconservation). Under every
alterations of system being information carrier, leading to the destroying if
the structure of report (or image), the information are partially or fully
destroyed there in accordance with the  extent of damages; at the same time it
is not converted not in substance or energy or any other information.

3. The principle of the necessity of special information channels for
information exchange by mobile signals.  Two systems, possessing information,
may exchange it by mobile signals only through special coordinated connection

4. The principle of duplication (multiplication) of information. During the
information transmission from one system to another through communication
channels it is duplicated, because in such case the information is not only
transmitted, but also reflected.

5. The principle of information coding during its transmission through
communication channels. The transmission of information from one system to
another by signals through communication channels may be carried out only by
its coding; the direct information transmission in this case is impossible.

6. The principle of information utilization in the processing systems. In the
result of manipulations with information in special processing (logical,
intuitive, cybernetic) systems the new information may be obtained without
additional external receipt.

7. The principle of information utilization in the systems of regulation of
material processes.  The information, being neither substantial, nor energy,
cannot be converted directly either in substance or in energy. Hence it may be
used in special systems for regulation of material processes for acceleration
or  slowing down, organization or disorganization, complication or
simplification and also for direction or alteration of different material
objects and processes. It results in economy of substantial and energetic

8. The principle of relative information value. The same information may be
valuable or useless depending on the system and goal of its utilization.
Thanks to the regular information utilization in objective systems the
processes with low probability and impossible ones may occur. Simultaneously
the advantage (in comparison with occasional processes) occurs, proportional
to used information.

The work also deals with the great role of information in human society,
entering the age of information.

Dr. Andrew V. Goodkov         Biological Research Institute of
                              St.Petersburg State University,
e-mail: Good at   Oranienbaumskoye sch.2,
fax: +7 812 4277310           Stary Peterhof,
FidoNet 2:5030/146.9          St.Petersburg, 198904, Russia

More information about the Protista mailing list