article on women in academia

Bharathi Jagadeesh bjag at ln.nimh.nih.gov
Wed Sep 2 08:42:58 EST 1998


I came across this article in the NYT paper:

Virginia Valian has written a book called "Why So Slow? The
Advancement of Women," published by the M.I.T. Press. 

Exploring the Gender Gap and the Absence of
Equality.

By NATALIE ANGIER

http://www.nytimes.com/library/national/science/082598sci-valian.html.

She argues that the biases against women are small (sometimes
miniscule), but consistent, and that as you move up the heirarchy, the
small biases have a multiplicative effect. 

She cites a social psychology study in which people are asked to judge
the "leader" of a group of people sitting around a table. When the
groups are single sex, most chose the person sitting at the head of the
table as the leader. But when the group is mixed sex  (both men &
women),  and a woman is sitting at the head of the table,about half the
time, a man sitting elsewhere at the table is chosen as the leader. In
mixed sex groups where a man is siting at the head of the table, the man
is chosen as the leader. 

Anyone know the study? Have a cite?

Bharathi
bjag at ln.nimh.nih.gov




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